The J. Paul Getty Museum

Cutting from an Antiphonal

Object Details

Title:

Cutting from an Antiphonal

Artist/Maker:

Bartolomeo Rigossi da Gallarate (Italian, active about 1460 - 1480)

Culture:

Italian

Place:

Lombardy, Italy (Place Created)

Date:

about 1465

Medium:

Tempera colors, gold leaf, and ink

Object Number:

Ms. 47 (93.MS.2)

Dimensions:

Leaf: 15.1 × 14.6 cm (5 15/16 × 5 3/4 in.)

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Object Description

Originally forming part of a page from a choir book, this illuminated A was the first letter of a long and elaborate chant sung on Easter Sunday. The text of the chant describes the scene at Jesus' tomb on Easter morning. The angel of the Lord spoke to the women saying, "Whom do you seek? Do you seek Jesus? He is already risen. Come and see." In the initial, the angel perched atop the empty sarcophagus gestures aloft to indicate that Jesus has risen from the dead. A second initial depicting the resurrected Christ may have been taken from the same book.

The dazzling gold diffused throughout the scene and the reflective lemon yellow of the rock both enhance the spiritual intensity of the image. Such vibrant colors were hallmarks of Bartolomeo Rigossi's style.

Provenance
Provenance
-1992

Jacques Lacan, French, 1901 - 1981 [sold, “Catalogue 1: Enluminures, Vélins, Dessins du XIIe au XVIIe siècle”, Les Enluminures, Paris, 1992, lot 13.]

1992 - 1993

Private Collection, sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1993.

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
Enluminures, Vélins, Dessins du XIIe au XVIIe siècle (September 16 to November 30, 1992) (verso)
  • Les Enluminures (Paris), September 16 to November 30, 1992
Illuminated Choir Books of the Middle Ages and Renaissance 1995 (April 25 to July 9, 1995) (verso)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), April 25 to July 9, 1995
Italian Manuscript Illumination (May 9 to July 30, 2000) (verso)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), May 9 to July 30, 2000
A Treasury of Fifteenth Century Manuscript Illumination (March 26 to June 16, 2002) (verso)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), March 26 to June 16, 2002
Songs of Praise: Illuminated Choir Books (July 23 to October 13, 2002) (verso)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), July 23 to October 13, 2002
Masterpieces in Miniature: Italian Manuscripts from the Middle Ages and Renaissance (March 29 to June 12, 2005) (verso)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), March 29 to June 12, 2005
Masterpieces in Miniature: Italian Manuscript Illumination from the J. Paul Getty Museum (September 25, 2005 to January 2, 2006) (verso)
  • National Gallery of Art (Washington, D.C.), September 25, 2005 to January 2, 2006
Music for the Masses: Illuminated Choir Books (August 14 to October 28, 2007) (verso)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), August 14 to October 28, 2007
Untold Stories: Collecting and Transforming Medieval Manuscripts (February 26 to May 12, 2013) (verso)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), February 26 to May 12, 2013
Bibliography
Bibliography

Enluminures, Vélins, Dessins du XIIe au XVIIe siècle. exh. cat. 5 vols. (Les Enluminures, Paris, 1992), vol. 1, pp. 34-35, no. 13, ill., cover ill., entry by Sandra Hindman.

"Acquisitions/1993." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 22 (1994), pp. 69, 71, no. 15, under no. 17, ill.

Lacaze, Charlotte. "The Case of Bartolomeo de' Rigossi da Gallarate: A Preliminary Investigation." Wiener Jahrbuch für Kunstgeschichte 46-47 (1993-1994), pp. 331-42.

Gnaccolini, Laura Paola. "Rigossi, Bartolomeo da Gallarate." In Dizionario Biografico dei miniatori Italiani. Secoli IX XVI. Milvia Bollati, ed. (Milan: Sylvestre Bonnard, 2004), p. 909.

Kren, Thomas, and Kurt Barstow. Italian Illuminated Manuscripts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2005), pp. xvi, 64, ill.

Avril, François. "Les initiales à l'italienne et le problème de la datation des premiers travaux dans ce manuscrit." Art de l'enluminure (September - November 2008), p. 25, fig. 8.

Morgan, Nigel, Stella Panayotova, and Suzanne Reynolds, eds. Illuminated Manuscripts in Cambridge: A Catalogue of Western Book Illumination in the Fitzwilliam Museum and the Cambridge Colleges. Pt. 2, Italy & the Iberian Peninsula (London: Harvey Miller, 2011), vol. 1, p. 260.

Kren, Thomas, and Kurt Barstow. Italian Illuminated Manuscripts in the J. Paul Getty Museum. 2nd ed. (Los Angeles: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 2015), pp. xviii, 76, ill.

Alexander, Jonathan J.G. The Painted Book in Renaissance Italy, 1450-1600 (New Haven/London: Yale University Press, 2016), pp. 49, 118, 325.