Campanian Neck-Amphora

Object Details

Title:

Campanian Neck-Amphora

Artist/Maker:

Attributed to Caivano Painter (Greek, active 340 - 330 B.C.)

Culture:

Greek (South Italian)

Place:

Campania, South Italy (Place created)

Date:

about 340 B.C.

Medium:

Terracotta

Object Number:

92.AE.86

Dimensions:

63.5 × 24.9 cm (25 × 9 13/16 in.)

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In the myth of The Seven Against Thebes, a group of heroes banded together and attacked the city to reinstate the rightful king. The front of this red-figure amphora shows an episode from the myth. Holding a burning torch, the hero Kapaneus climbs a ladder, while two defenders and the usurping ruler look down from the wall. Kapaneus was killed for boasting that he did not need the gods' help; for his hubris, Zeus, the king of the gods, struck him down with a thunderbolt, which he here hurls down from above. The punishment of Kapaneus is rarely seen in ancient art. The main scene on the other side of the vase shows maenads and satyrs, the companions of Dionysos, the god of wine. Beginning in the 600s B.C., Greeks colonized parts of southern Italy and Sicily. From about 450 B.C., these colonists began producing their own fine decorated pottery, which eclipsed the imported Athenian wares by the next century. This pottery, known as South Italian ware, first grew directly out of Athenian shapes, style, and iconography and then developed its own visual forms.

Provenance
by 1990 - 1992

Mrs. Franca Benenti (Sorrengo, Switzerland), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1992.

Exhibitions
Ancient Art from the Permanent Collection (March 16, 1999 to May 23, 2004)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), March 16, 1999 to May 23, 2004
Bibliography

Krauskopf, Ingrid. "Kapaneus." In Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae V (1990), pp. 952-963, p. 954, no. 12a.

"Acquisitions/1992." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 21 (1993), p. 108, no. 11.

Krauskopf, Ingrid. "Septem." In Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae VII (1994), p. 739, no. 42.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Calendar (Spring 1994), A detail of the vase is reproduced in B & W.

Erath, Gabriele. Das Bild der Stadt der griechischen Flaechenkunst. Frankfurt: 1997, pp. 159-69, 301, cat. no. G 14; ill. cover and pl. 10.

Towne Markus, Elana. Masterpieces of the J. Paul Getty Museum: Antiquities. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 86.

Burns, Michael Thomas. The Military Equipment and Methods of Warfare of the Samnites and other Oscan Speaking Peoples, Master's Thesis (Boston: University of Massachusettes, 2000), pp. 93-94, fig 30.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Antiquities Collection (Los Angeles: 2002), p. 122.

Spivey, Nigel and Squire, Michael. Panorama of the Classical World (Los Angeles: Getty Publications, 2004), p. 268, figs 424-425.

Taplin, Oliver. Pots & Plays: Interactions between Tragedy and Greek Vase-Painting in the Fourth Century B.C. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2007), pp. 266-67, ills.

Kostouros, George. A Narrative of the Nemean Games (Nemea: George Kostouros, 2008), p. 141, fig. 124.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Antiquities Collection. Rev. ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2010), p. 118.

Oakley, John H. The Greek Vase: Art of the Storyteller (Los Angeles: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 2013), pp. 95-96, figs. 35-36.

De Angelis, Francesco. Miti greci In tombe etrusche : le urne cinerarie di Chiusi (Rome: G. Bretschneider, 2015), pp. 71-72, fig. 7.

Linant de Bellefonds, Pascale, and Prioux, Évelyne. Voir les Mythes. Poésie Hellénistique et Arts Figurés. Paris: Editions A. and J. Picard, 2017, 239-240, fig. 29.

Schönheit, Lilian. “Theaterbilder im Spannungsfeld zwischen Italioten und Italikern” In Inszenierung von Identitaten. Unteritalische Vasenmalerei zwischen Griechen und Indigenen (Beihefte zum CVA Deutschland, VIII), edited by U. Kaestner and S. Schmidt. Verlag der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften: Munich, 2018, 122, fig. 3.