Collection of Masses for High Feasts

Object Details

Title:

Collection of Masses for High Feasts

Artist/Maker:

Pseudo-Jacquemart de Hesdin (French, active about 1380 - 1415)
and Workshop of Pseudo-Jacquemart de Hesdin (French, active about 1380 - 1415)
and An artist in the Circle of the Boucicaut Master (French, active about 1390 - 1430)

Culture:

French

Place:

France (Place created)

Date:

about 1410

Medium:

Tempera colors, gold leaf, gold paint, and ink on parchment bound between pasteboard and covered in red morocco

Object Number:

Ms. 36

Dimensions:

Leaf: 17.9 × 13.3 cm (7 1/16 × 5 1/4 in.)

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This manuscript contains the texts used for masses on important feast days in the liturgical year, such as Christmas, Easter, and the Assumption of the Virgin. The manuscript's small scale suggests that a layperson used this book to follow along with the masses, and it was likely once part of a larger devotional text, probably a book of hours.

Most of the mass texts begin with an image depicting the event from Christ's life or the saint that the feast celebrates. Many of the manuscript's miniatures were painted by the Pseudo-Jacquemart de Hesdin, who most likely worked at the court of Jean, duc de Berry from around 1380 until about 1410. The vibrant color palette, the soft modeling of figures, and the delicate gold ivy-leaf borders on each page in this manuscript are common both in the Pseudo-Jacquemart's work and in International style illumination from Paris.

Related Works
Exhibitions
Les Manuscrits à peintures en France du XIIIe au XVIe siècle (1955 to 1956) (fols. unknown)
  • Bibliothèque nationale de France (Paris), 1955 to 1956
Recent Acquisitions of Illuminated Manuscripts, 1984-1989 (July 17 to September 30, 1989) (fols. 71v - 72)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), July 17 to September 30, 1989
Illuminated Devotional Manuscripts (October 16 to December 30, 1990) (fols. 84v - 85)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), October 16 to December 30, 1990
French Illumination in the Late Middle Ages (October 15 to December 29, 1991) (fols. 71v - 72)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), October 15 to December 29, 1991
The Cult of Saints in the Middle Ages and Renaissance (October 26, 1993 to January 9, 1994) (fols. 59v - 60)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), October 26, 1993 to January 9, 1994
The International Style: Courtly Art Around the Year 1400 (October 24, 1994 to January 8, 1995) (fols. 53v - 54)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), October 24, 1994 to January 8, 1995
Devotion and Desire: Views of Women in the Middle Ages and Renaissance (July 25 to October 8, 1995) (fols. 71v - 72)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), July 25 to October 8, 1995
The Crucifixion in Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts (January 30 to April 7, 1996) (fols. 84v - 85)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), January 30 to April 7, 1996
Picturing the Medieval Family (May 4 to July 18, 1999) (fols. 71v - 72)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), May 4 to July 18, 1999
French Manuscript Illumination of the Late Middle Ages (August 3 to September 26, 1999) (fols. 25v - 26)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), August 3 to September 26, 1999
Ritual Splendor: Illuminated Liturgical Manuscripts (February 20 to May 6, 2001) (fols. 84v - 85)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), February 20 to May 6, 2001
Fit for a King: Courtly Manuscripts, 1380-1450 (June 29 to August 29, 2004) (fols. 59v - 60)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), June 29 to September 5, 2004
Shrine and Shroud: Textiles in Illuminated Manuscripts (June 28 to October 2, 2005) (fol. 19v - 20)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), June 28 to October 2, 2005
French Manuscript Illumination in the Middle Ages (January 23 to April 15, 2007) (fol. 25v - 26)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), January 23 to April 15, 2007
Medieval Beasts (May 1 to July 29, 2007) (fol. 1)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), May 1 to July 29, 2007
"In the Beginning was the Word": Medieval Gospel Illumination (August 30 to November 27, 2011) (fol. 71v - 72)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), August 30 to November 27, 2011
Miracles and Martyrs: Saints in the Middle Ages (August 29, 2013 to March 2, 2014) (fls. 84v - 85)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), August 29, 2013 to March 2, 2014
Bibliography

Porcher, Jean ed. Les Manuscrits à peintures en France du XIIIe au XVIe siècle, exh. cat. (Bibliothèque Nationale: Paris, 1955), pp. 89-90, no. 184.

Meiss, Millard. "The Exhibition of French Manuscripts of the XIII- XVI Centuries at the Bibliothèque Nationale." The Art Bulletin 38, no. 3 (September 1956), pp. 191-92, 195.

Meiss, Millard. French Painting in the Time of Jean de Berry: The Late Fourteenth Century and the Patronage of the Duke. 2 vols. (New York: Phaidon Publishers Inc., 1967), vol. 1, p. 264; vol. 2., unpaginated, figs. 245-247.

"Acquisitions/1990." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 19 (1991), pp. 159, 168-69, no. 7, ill.

Avril, François. "Une curieuse illustration de la fête-Dieu: L'iconographie du Christ prêtre élevant l'hostie et sa diffusion." In Rituels: Mélanges offerts à Pierre-Marie Gy, o.p. Paul De Clerck, Éric Palazzo, eds. (Paris: Les Éditions du Cerf, 1990), p. 53, fig. 6b.

Touwaide, Alain. "Visions du monde médiéval à travers les manuscrits enluminées du J. P. Getty Museum (Malibu)." Scriptorium 45, no. 1 (1991), pp. 298-302.

Kren, Thomas. French Illuminated Manuscripts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2007), pp. xvi-xix, 56-58, ill.

Morrison, Elizabeth. Beasts: Factual & Fantastic (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum; London: The British Library, 2007), pp. 39-41, fig. 30, ill.

Manion, Margaret. "The Princely Patron and the Liturgy: Mass Texts in the Grandes Heuresof Philip the Bold." InThe Cambridge Illuminations: The Conference Papers. Stella Panayotova, ed. (London/Turnhout: Harvey Miller Publishers, 2007), pp. 197n33, 202, 203, figs. 12, 15, 16.

Peters, Greg, and C. Colt Anderson. A Companion to priesthood and holy orders in the Middle Ages (Leiden: Brill, 2015), cover ill.

Clark, Gregory T. Art in a Time of War (Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies, 2016), pp. 140, 262, 363 ft.13.

Clark, Gregory T.  Art in a Time of War: The Master of Morgan 453 and Manuscript Illumination in Paris during the English Occupation (Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies, 2016), pp. 140, 262, 363, no. 13.

Keene, Bryan C., and Alexandra Kaczenski. Sacred Landscapes: Nature in Renaissance Manuscripts (Los Angeles: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 2017), p. 87, fig. 66.