This image is available for download, without charge, under the Getty's Open Content Program.
Open Content images tend to be large in file-size. To avoid potential data charges from your carrier, we recommend making sure your device is connected to a Wi-Fi network before downloading.
Not currently on view
La Vision de l'âme de Guy de Thurno
Valenciennes, France; Ghent, Belgium (Place Created)
Tempera colors, gold, and ink on parchment bound by Trautz-Bauzonnet between pasteboard covered with modern brown morocco
Ms. 31 (87.MN.152)
Leaf: 36.4 × 25.7 cm (14 5/16 × 10 1/8 in.)
The Vision of the Soul of Guy de Thurno is a French translation of a Latin text that discusses Church doctrine on purgatory (in French, the title is La Vision de l'ame de Guy de Thurno). Guy de Thurno was a wealthy citizen of Verona who died and then returned to earth in spirit form to haunt his widowed spouse. She turns to a local priest for help, and a dialogue between the priest and the ghost on the nature of the afterlife results.
1475 - 1503
Margaret of York, duchess of Burgundy, French, 1446 - 1503
Source: The manuscript is signed by David Aubert, who was scribe to Margaret of York, and a major scribe at the Burgundian court.
1853 - 1881
Charles-Alexandre de Ganay, Marquis de Ganay, French, 1803 - 1881 [sold, Catalogue d'un choix de Livres Rares et précieux manuscrits et imprimés composant le cabinet Feu M. Le Marquis de Ganay, Maurice Delestre, Paris, May 12-14, 1881, lots 38-39, to the Comte de Lignerolles.]
1881 - 1894
Raoul Léonor Lignerolles, comte de Lignerolles, French, 1817 - 1893 [sold, Catalogue des livres rares et précieux manuscrits et imprimés composant la bibliothèque de feu M. Le Comte de Lignerolles, Libraire Charles Porquet, Paris, 1894, lot 17, to Baron Vitta.]
Source: H. Kieser. ‘Lignerolles, Raoul Leonor’. In Lexikon Des Gesamten Buchwesens Online.
Baron Joseph Raphaël Vitta, Italian, 1860 - 1942
Hans P. Kraus, Sr., American, born Austria, 1907 - 1988, sold to Philip Hofer, 1951.
Source: In Retrospect: A Catalogue of 100 Outstanding Manuscripts sold in the last four decades, 1978.
1951 - 1984
Philip Hofer, American, 1898 - 1984, by bequest to his son Myron A. Hofer, 1984.
Source: A sticker inscribed "CAMB. (Mass) 235H. cat. 191" [from the 1959 Brussels exhibition].
1984 - 1987
Dr. Myron Arms Hofer, American, born 1931, sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1987.
Illuminated & Calligraphic Manuscripts (February 14 to April 1, 1955) (fols. 6v-7)
- Houghton Library, Harvard University (Cambridge), February 14 to April 1, 1955
Le Siècle d'Or de la Miniature Flamande: Le Méçénat de Philippe le Bon (1959) (fols. 6v-7)
- Palais des beaux-arts (Brussels), 1959
Two Thousand Years of Calligraphy (June 6 to July 18, 1965) (fols. 6v-7)
- Walters Art Museum (Baltimore), June 6 to July 18, 1965
Illuminated Flemish Manuscripts of the Late Middle Ages (July 26 to October 16, 1988) (fol. 7)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), July 26 to October 16, 1988
Vie a mon desir: Illuminated Manuscripts and Their Patrons (April 18 to July 2, 1989) (fols. 6v-7)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), April 18 to July 2, 1989
Recent Acquisitions of Illuminated Manuscripts, 1984-1989 (July 17 to September 30, 1989) (fols. 6v - 7)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), July 17 to September 30, 1989
"The Visions of Tondal" and Manuscripts from the Time of Margaret of York (April 17 to July 1, 1990) (fols. 6v-7)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), April 17 to July 1, 1990
Illuminated Devotional Manuscripts (October 16 to December 30, 1990) (fols. 6v-7)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), October 16 to December 30, 1990
Manuscripts and Americans: An Exhibition in Honor of Franklin D. Murphy (July 21 to October 18, 1992) (fols. 6v - 7)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), July 21 to October 18, 1992
Fouquet's Century: Transformations in French Painting, 1415-1530 (April 26 to July 10, 1994) (fols. 6v - 7)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), April 26 to July 10, 1994
Devotion and Desire: Views of Women in the Middle Ages and Renaissance (July 25 to October 8, 1995) (fols. 6v - 7)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), July 25 to October 8, 1995
Flemish Illumination of the Late Middle Ages (November 3, 1998 to January 17, 1999) (fols. 6v-7)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), November 3, 1998 to January 17, 1999
Illuminating the Renaissance: The Triumph of Flemish Manuscript Painting in Europe (June 17, 2003 to February 22, 2004) (fols. 6v-7)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), June 17 to September 7, 2003
- Royal Academy of Arts (London), November 29, 2003 to February 22, 2004
Artful Words: Calligraphy in Illuminated Manuscripts (December 18, 2018 to April 7, 2019) (fols. 5v-6)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), December 18, 2018 to April 7, 2019
"L'arte Revue Hebdomadaire Illustrée." L' Art: Revue Hebdomadaire Illustrée (7.1881 (Teil 2)). Accessed June 27, 2019. https://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/art1881_2/0007/image.
Hôtel Drouot, Paris. Catalogue d'un choix de livres rares et précieux, manuscrits et imprimés composant le cabinet de feu M. le Marquis de Ganay. May 12, 1881-May 14,1881, pp. 25-26, lot. 38.
Maurice Delestre, Paris. Catalogue des livres rares et précieux manuscrits et imprimés composant la bibliothèque de feu M. le Comte de Lignerolles: Première Partie. January 29, 1894, pp. 11-13, lot 17.
Bergmans, Paul. "David de Gand." Bulletin de la société d'histoire et d'archéologie de Gand 12 (1904), p. 151.
Doutrepont, Georges. La littérature française a la cour des Ducs de Bourgogne: Phillipe le Hardi - Jean sans Peur - Philippe le Bon - Charles le Téméraire (Paris: Librairie spéciale pour l'histoire de France, 1909), p. 235.
Illuminated & Calligraphic Manuscripts, exh. cat. (Cambridge: Harvard College Library, 1955), pp. 26-27, under no. 88, no. 89.
Delaissé, Léon Marie Joseph. Le Siècle d'Or de la miniature flamande: Le méçénat de Philippe le Bon, exh. cat. (Brussels: Palais des Beaux-Arts, 1959), p. 153, no. 191, pl. 59.
Sotheby's, London. The Dyson Perrins Collection: Part III. November 29, 1960, p. 87, under lot 134.
Faye, Christopher Urdahl, and William Henry Bond. Supplement to the Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York: The Bibliographical Society of America, 1962), p. 273.
Miner, Dorothy E., Victor I. Carlson, and P. William Filby. Two Thousand Years of Calligraphy, exh. cat. (Baltimore: Baltimore Museum of Art, with Walters Art Gallery, 1965), pp. 53, 58, no. 35, ill.
Hoffman, Edith Warren. "Simon Marmion Re-considered." Scriptorium 23, no. 2 (1969), p. 245.
Gilissen, Léon. "Un élément codicologique trop peu exploité: la réglure." In Miscellenea F. Lyna (Ghent: Wetenschappelijke Uitgeverij, 1969), p. 161, no. 76.
Doutrepont, Georges. La littérature française à la cour des Ducs de Bourgogne: Phillipe le Hardi - Jean sans Peur - Philippe le Bon - Charles le Téméraire (Paris: Libr. speciale pour l'histoire de France, 1909; repr., Geneva: Slatkine Reprints, 1970), pp. 235, 275n2, 493.
Hoffman, Edith Warren. "Simon Marmion or 'The Master of the Altarpiece of Saint-Bertin': A Problem in Attribution." Scriptorium 27, no. 2 (1973), pp. 273, 275.
Hindman, Sandra. "The Case of Simon Marmion: Attributions & Documents." Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte 40, no. 3-4 (1977), pp. 190-91, 193, 204, ill.
Kraus, Hans P. In Retrospect: A Catalogue of 100 Outstanding Manuscripts sold in the last four decades by H. P Kraus (New York: H. P. Kraus, 1978), p. 198, no. 79.
Hellinga, Lotte. "Caxton and the Bibliophiles." In Communications of the Eleventh International Congress of Bibliophiles, Brussels. Paul Culot and Eugène Rouir, eds. (Brussels: Société royale des bibliophiles et iconophiles de Belgique, 1981), p. 21n14.
Dogaer, Georges. Flemish Miniature Painting in the 15th and 16th centuries (Amsterdam: B.M. Israël B.V., 1987), p. 143.
Grandsart, Hervé. "L'enfer selon Marmion." Connaissance des Arts 429 (November 1987), pp. 69-71.
"Acquisitions/1987." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 16 (1988), pp. 153-54, no. 18, ill.
Kren, Thomas, and Roger S. Wieck. The Visions of Tondal from the Library of Margaret of York (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1990), pp. 31-33, fig. 19.
Touwaide, Alain. "Visions du monde médiéval à travers les manuscrits enluminées du J. P. Getty Museum (Malibu)." Scriptorium 45, no. 1 (1991), pp. 298-302.
Wieck, Roger S. "Margaret of York's Visions of Tondal: Relationship of the Miniatures to a Text Transformed by Translator and Illuminator." In Margaret of York, Simon Marmion, and The Visions of Tondal: Papers Delivered at a Symposium Organized by the Department of Manuscripts of the J. Paul Getty Museum in collaboration with the Huntington Library and Art Collections, June 21-24, 1990. Thomas Kren, ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1992), pp. 126, 128.
Polo de Beaulieu, Marie Anne. "De la Rumeur aux Textes: Echos de l'apparition du revenant d'Alès (après 1323)." In La Circulation des Nouvelles au Moyen Âge (École Française de Rome, Palais Farnèse, 1994), p. 146-147, fig. 2.
Cohen, Adam S. "Devotion and Desire: Views of Women in the Middle Ages and Renaissance." Letter Arts Review 12, no. 4 (1996), p. 35, fig. 11.
Brinkmann, Bodo. "Simon Marmion." In The Dictionary of Art. Jane Turner, ed. Vol. 20 (New York: Grove, 1996), pp. 451-52.
Smeyers, Maurits. "Flemish Miniatures for England." In The Low Countries: Art and Society in Flanders and the Netherlands, A Yearbook, 1995-96. Michael Shaw, trans. (Rekkem, Belgium: Flemish-Netherlands Foundation, 1996), pp. 246-47.
Schmitt, Jean-Claude. Ghosts in the Middle Ages: The Living and the Dead in Medieval Society. Teresa Lavender Fagan, trans. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998), p. 152, fig. 9.
Smeyers, Maurits. Flemish Miniatures from the 8th to the mid-16th Century: The Medieval World on Parchment (Turnhout: Brepols, 1999), pp. 382, 384, 416n57, fig. 37.
Alexander, Jonathan. "The Last Things: Representing the Unrepresentable, The Medieval Tradition." In The Apocalypse and the Shape of Things to Come, exh. cat. Frances Carey, ed. (London: British Museum Press for the Trustees of the British Museum, 1999), pp. 57-58, 63n59, fig. 10.
Kren, Thomas, and Scot McKendrick, eds. Illuminating the Renaissance: The Triumph of Flemish Manuscript Painting in Europe, exh. cat. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2003), pp. 4, 98, 109, 111-12, 518, no. 12, 13, ill., entry by Thomas Kren.
Polo de Beaulieu, Marie Anne. "Paroles de fantôme: Le cas du revenant d'Alès (1323)." Revue Ethnologie française 33, no. 4 (October December 2003), p. 567, fig. 2.
Michalove, Sharon. "Women as Book Collectors and Disseminators of Culture in Late Medieval England and Burgundy." In Reputation and Representation in Fifteenth-Century Europe.Douglas L. Biggs, Sharon D. Michalove, and Albert Compton Reeves, eds. (Leiden: Koninklijke Brill NV, 2004), p. 77n30.
Kren, Thomas. "The Importance of Patterns in the Emergence of a New Style of Flemish Manuscript Illumination after 1470." In Manuscripts in Transition: Recycling Manuscripts, Texts, and Images: Proceedings of the International Congres held in Brussels (5-9 November 2002). Brigitte Dekeyzer and Jan Van der Stock, eds. (Paris: Uitgeverij Peeters, 2005), pp. 366, 376n42, fig. 18.
Legaré, Ann-Marie. "La Librairye de madame': Two Princesses and their Libraries." In Women of Distinction: Margaret of York, Margaret of Austria. Dagmar Eichberger, ed. (Davidfonds: Brepols, 2005), p. 210.
Sturges, Robert S. "Purgatory in the Marriage Bed: Conjugal Sodomy in The Gast of Gy." In Framing the Family: Narrative and Representation in the Medieval and Early Modern Periods. Rosalynn Voaden, Diane Wolfthal, eds. (Temple: Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2005), pp. 66-70, fig. 1.
Kesel, Lieve de. "Heritage and Innovation in Flemish Book Illumination at the Turn of the Sixteenth Century: Framing the Frames from Simon Marmion to Gerard David." In Books in Transition at the Time of Philip the Fair: Manuscripts and Printed Books in the Late Fifteenth and Early Sixteenth Century Low Countries. Vol. 15, Burgundica. Hanno Wijsman, ed. (Turnhout: Brepols, 2010), p. 100.
Wolfthal, Diane. In and Out of the Marital Bed: Seeing Sex in Renaissance Europe (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2010), p. 29, fig. 17.
Eleazer, Ed. The quatrain version of Gast of Gy: a late medieval poem (Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press, 2010), p. 35.
Pontfarcy, Yolande de. L'au-delà au Moyen Age (Bern: Peter Lang, 2010), pp. xix-xx.
Kren, Thomas. Illuminated Manuscripts from Belgium and the Netherlands in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2010), pp. 23, 35, 85, ill.
Pigeon, Christel and Gérard Lhéritier. L'Or des Manuscrits: Les 100 Manuscrits les plus Précieux. Paris: Gallimard, 2012, p. 30.
Guernelli, Daniele. "Le prince d'enluminure." Alumina Pagine Miniate 12, no. 44 (January-March 2014), p. 31, ill.
Belayew, Charlotte, and Bernard Bousmanne. La librairie des Ducs de Bourgogne: manuscrits conservés à la Bibliothèque Royale de Belgique (Turnhout: Brepols, 2015), vol. 5, p. 49.
Schmitt, Jean-Claude. "Le Moyen Âge Dans de Beaux Draps." Historia Spécial: Les Revenants, no. 27 (January - February 2016), p.27, ill.
Keene, Bryan C., and Rheagan Eric Martin. "Questione di Genere: La Sessualità nei Manoscritti Medievali." Alumina 16, no. 61 (April, May, June 2018), pp. 45-51, p. 47, ill.
Goodman, Isobel A. Piety in the Public Sphere: Examining Political Motivation behind Margaret of York’s Patronage of Religious Literature as Duchess and Then Dowager Duchess of Burgundy. Master's thesis, University of Oxford, 2018.