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Five Leaves from a Noted Breviary
Northeastern Italy, Italy (Place Created)
Tempera colors, gold leaf, and ink on parchment
Leaf: 46.5 × 34.6 cm (18 5/16 × 13 5/8 in.)
These leaves come from a breviary, a liturgical book that contains all the sung and spoken texts used in the Divine Office--the prescribed prayers recited by monks and nuns at set times of the day. Although the specific community of monks in northern Italy who originally used this manuscript is unknown, images of monks clothed in the black, hooded robes worn by members of the Benedictine order appear in many of the initials that decorate its pages.
Sotheby's, London. Western Manuscripts and Miniatures [ ]. June 24, 1986, pp. 22-25, lots 24-25, ill.
"Acquisitions/1986." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 15 (1987), p. 174, no. 32, ill.
Kren, Thomas, and Kurt Barstow. Italian Illuminated Manuscripts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2005), pp. 36-37, ill.
Scott, Margaret. Fashion in the Middle Ages (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2011), pp. 65, 69, fig. 47.
Bullock, C. Hassell, Mark L. Strauss, and John H. Walton. Psalms 2 vols. (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Books, 2015), Bullock, C. Hassell, Mark L. Strauss, and John H. Walton. Psalms 2 vols. (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Books, 2015), vol. 1, 13, ill.
Kren, Thomas, and Kurt Barstow. Italian Illuminated Manuscripts in the J. Paul Getty Museum. 2nd ed. (Los Angeles: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 2015), pp. 40-41, ill.