The J. Paul Getty Museum

Missal

Object Details

Title:

Missal

Artist/Maker:

Unknown

Culture:

German

Place:

Westphalia, Germany (Place Created)

Date:

about 1500–1505

Medium:

Tempera colors, gold paint, and ink

Object Number:

Ms. 18 (86.MG.480)

Dimensions:

Leaf: 39.1 × 28 cm (15 3/8 × 11 in.)

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Object Description

The illuminator of this large missal emphasized the human emotions of figures and set scenes in expansive, naturalistic landscapes set against burnished gold backgrounds. This treatment reflects the style of German panel painting around the year 1500. Many of the text pages in the manuscript display bold borders filled with foliate vines drawn on gold leaf.

This manuscript is the winter portion of an elaborate missal, a type of manuscript containing all the spoken and sung texts used by the priest in the mass. The chants contained in this manuscript are accompanied by a specialized form of medieval German music notation called Hufnagel(horseshoe nail) because of the notation's resemblance to that shape.

Provenance
Provenance
- 1918

Count Friedrich Mathias von Galen, 1865 - 1918 (Germany), by inheritance to Christoph Bernhard von Galen, 1918.

1918 - 1985

Count Christoph Bernhard von Galen, 1907 - 2002 (Germany) [sold, Sale of printed books, decorative, topographical, Old Master and modern prints, Christie's, Amsterdam, May 8, 1985, lot 403, to Bernard Breslauer.]

1985 - 1986

Bernard H. Breslauer, German, 1918 - 2004 (New York, New York), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986.

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
Illuminated German and Central European Manuscripts (October 17 to December 31, 1989) (fols. 157v-158)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), October 17 to December 31, 1989
Ten Centuries of Manuscript Illumination in Germany and Central Europe (July 21 to October 18, 1998) (fols. 157v-158)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), July 21 to October 18, 1998
Songs of Praise: Illuminated Choir Books (July 23 to October 13, 2002) (fols. 162v-163)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), July 23 to October 13, 2002
Music for the Masses: Illuminated Choir Books (August 14 to October 28, 2007) (fols. 132v-133)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), August 14 to October 28, 2007
German and Central European Manuscript Illumination (February 24 to May 24, 2009) (fols. 157v-158)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), February 24 to May 24, 2009
The Art of Devotion in the Middle Ages (August 28, 2012 to February 5, 2013) (fols. 157v-158)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), August 28, 2012 to February 5, 2013
Touching the Past: The Hand in the Medieval Book (July 7 to September 27, 2015) (fols. 157v-158)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), July 7 to September 27, 2015
Bibliography
Bibliography

Christie's, Amsterdam. Printed Books, Decorative, Topographical, Old Master and Modern Prints. May 8, 1985, pp. 48-49, unpaginated price list, no. 403, ill.

"Acquisitions/1986." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 15 (1987), p. 167, no. 26, ill.

Kren, Thomas. Illuminated Manuscripts of Germany and Central Europe in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2009), pp. 30-31, 121-23, ill.

Keene, Bryan C., and Alexandra Kaczenski. Sacred Landscapes: Nature in Renaissance Manuscripts (Los Angeles: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 2017), pp. 43, 45, fig. 27.