Book of Hours

Object Details

Title:

Book of Hours

Artist/Maker(s):

Master of Sir John Fastolf (French, active before about 1420 - about 1450)

Culture:

French or English

Date:

about 1430 - 1440

Medium:

Tempera colors, gold leaf, and ink on parchment bound between pasteboard covered with red morocco

Dimensions:

Leaf: 12.1 x 9.2 cm (4 3/4 x 3 5/8 in.)

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This richly illuminated book of hours is a small-scale prayer book made in either Rouen, France or England for an English patron. In addition to scenes from the life of Christ, this book is filled with lively images of saints popular at the time in England and France. The artist depicted important events from the life and death of each holy man or woman, often setting the scenes within lush landscapes. These images would have reminded those who read the accompanying suffrages, or prayers to saints, of the exemplary lives led by these individuals.

The illuminator of this manuscript, known as the Master of Sir John Fastolf, trained in the Parisian workshop of the Boucicaut Master. He later moved to Normandy, and by 1450 he was working in England. This artist's international career reflects the movement of illuminators between major artistic centers in Europe, such as Paris, Milan, and Prague, especially around the year 1400. The manuscript displays artists' interest at this time in naturalistic depictions of landscape, patterned backgrounds, and elaborate border decoration, here composed of colorful acanthus leaves and gold ivy.

Related Works
Exhibitions
International Art Treasures Exhibition (August 11 to September 8, 1973) (no. 470; fols. not known)
  • Assembly Rooms, Bath, August 11 to September 8, 1973
French Illuminated Manuscripts (July 17 to October 6, 1985) (fols. 33v - 34)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), July 17 to October 6, 1985
Illuminated Books of Hours (July 22 to October 3, 1986) (fols. 27v - 28)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), July 22 to October 3, 1986
Illuminated French Manuscripts of the Later Middle Ages (October 20, 1987 to January 3, 1988) (fols. 31v - 32)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), October 20, 1987 to January 3, 1988
French Illumination in the Late Middle Ages (October 15 to December 29, 1991) (fols. 27v - 28)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), October 15 to December 29, 1991
The Passion of Christ in Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts (April 11 to July 5, 1992) (fols. 104v - 105)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), April 11 to July 5, 1992
The Psalms and Their Illustration (April 27 to July 3, 1993) (fols. 227v - 228)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), April 27 to July 3, 1993
The Cult of Saints in the Middle Ages and Renaissance (October 26, 1993 to January 9, 1994) (fols. 35v - 36)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), October 26, 1993 to January 9, 1994
The International Style: Courtly Art Around the Year 1400 (October 24, 1994 to January 8, 1995) (fols. 31v - 32)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), October 25, 1994 to January 8, 1995
The Crucifixion in Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts (January 30 to April 7, 1996) (fols. 16v - 17)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), January 30 to April 7, 1996
French Manuscript Illumination of the Late Middle Ages (August 3 to September 26, 1999) (fols. 27v - 28)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), August 3 to September 26, 1999
The Psalms and Their Illustration (February 1 to April 23, 2000) (fols. 227v - 228)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), February 1 to April 23, 2000
The Art of Giving in the Middle Ages (November 21, 2000 to February 4, 2001) (fols. 42v - 43)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), November 21, 2000 to February 4, 2001
Artful Reading in Medieval and Renaissance Europe (December 18, 2001 to March 10, 2002) (fols. 45v - 46)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), December 18, 2001 to March 10, 2002
Fit for a King: Courtly Manuscripts, 1380-1450 (June 29 to August 29, 2004) (fols. 44v - 45)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), June 29 to September 5, 2004
The Cult of Saints (April 25 to July 16, 2006) (fols. 35v - 36)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), April 25 to July 16, 2006
Imagining Christ (May 6 to July 27, 2008) (Fol. 44v - 45)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), May 6 to July 27, 2008
Faces of Power and Piety: Portraiture in the Middle Ages and Renaissance (August 12 to October 26, 2008) (fols. 20v - 21)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), August 12 to October 26, 2008
The Chimaera of Arezzo (July 16, 2009 to February 8, 2010) (fols. 33v - 34)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Villa, (Malibu), July 16, 2009 to February 8, 2010
Fashion in the Middle Ages (May 31 to August 14, 2011) (fols. 227v - 228)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), May 31 to August 14, 2011
"In the Beginning was the Word": Medieval Gospel Illumination (August 30 to November 27, 2011) (fols 16v - 17)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), August 30 to November 27, 2011
Heaven, Hell, and Dying Well: Images of Death in the Middle Ages (May 29 to August 12, 2012) (fols. 170v - 171)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), May 29 to August 12, 2012
Canterbury and St. Albans: Treasures from Church and Cloister (September 20, 2013 to February 2, 2014) (fols. 29v - 30)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), September 20, 2013 to February 2, 2014
Give and Ye Shall Receive: Gift Giving in the Middle Ages (December 12, 2014 to March 15, 2015) (fols. 42v - 43)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), December 12, 2014 to March 15, 2015
Bibliography

Abbey, John R., and Geoffrey D. Hobson, eds. English Bindings 1490-1940, in the Library of J.R. Abbey (London: The Chiswick Press, 1940), p. 82, no. 62, ill.

Sotheby's, London. Catalogue of the Final Portion of the Valuable Library Removed from Ecton Hall, Northampton [...]. November 21, 1955, pp. 43-45, ill. facing p. 43, lot 259, ill., cover ill.

Plummer, John. The Glazier Collection of Illuminated Manuscripts (New York: Pierpont Morgan Library, 1968), p. 36, no. 47, pls. 8, 43.

Alexander, Jonathan J.G. "A Lost Leaf from a Bodleian Book of Hours." Bodleian Library Record 8 (1971), p. 251.

British Antique Dealers' Association Ltd. International Art Treasures Exhibition. (London: The Association, 1973), p. 53, no. 470.

Sotheby's, London. Catalogue of Western Manuscripts and Miniatures [...]. July 5, 1976, pp. 51-53, lot 80, ill.

Plummer, John, with the assistance of Gregory Clark. The Last Flowering: French Painting in Manuscripts, 1420-1530, from American Collections (New York: Pierpont Morgan Library, 1982), pp. 15-16.

"Acquisitions/1984." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 13 (1985), pp. 202-3, no. 124, figs. 124a, 124b.

Dutschke, Consuelo W, and Richard H. Rouse. Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino: Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, 1989), pp. 406-13, 726-729.

Reynolds, Catherine. "English Patrons and French Artists in Fifteenth-Century Normandy." In England and Normandy in the Middle Ages. David Bates and Anne Curry, eds. (London and Rio Grande, OH: Hambledon Press, 1994), pp. 299-313.

Reynolds, Catherine. "Fastolf Master." In Dictionary of Art. Jane Turner, ed. Vol. 20 (New York: Grove, 1996), p. 664.

Inglis, Erik. Faces of Power & Piety (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum; London: The British Library, 2008), p. 69, fig. 62.

Iozzo, Mario, ed., et. al. The Chimaera of Arezzo (Firenze: Edizioni Polistampa, 2009), p. 20.

Scott, Margaret. Fashion in the Middle Ages (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2011), pp. 76-77, fig. 53.