Book of Hours

Object Details

Title:

Book of Hours

Artist/Maker(s):

Master of Guillebert de Mets (Flemish, active about 1410 - 1450)

and Master of the Lee Hours (Flemish, active about 1450 - 1470)

and Master of Wauquelin's Alexander (Flemish, active about 1440 - 1460)

Culture:

Flemish

Place(s):

Ghent (probably), Belgium (Place created)

Date:

about 1450 - 1455

Medium:

Tempera colors, gold leaf, and ink on parchment bound between pasteboard covered with late sixteenth-century Flemish (?) calf

Dimensions:

Leaf: 19.4 x 14 cm (7 5/8 x 5 1/2 in.)

See more

See less

This profusely illuminated Flemish book of hours offers an unusual reversal of what is expected. While borders are customarily visually subordinate to miniatures, the lush foliage in the borders of this manuscript's most outstanding pages captures the reader's attention and gives unity to the double-page spreads.

The illuminations are the work of several artists, the most talented of whom is known as the Master of Guillebert de Mets. His miniatures are painted on single leaves, which were inserted into the manuscript. This fact suggests that he did not work in close collaboration with the scribes who produced the text. The style of his paintings reveals that the artist had a background in the Parisian International style, yet his bold handling of borders with their rich vegetation and energetically twisting banderoles is unique.

Related Works
Exhibitions
National Exhibition of Works of Art (1868)
  • Leeds City Museum and Galleries, (Leeds), 1868, (Cat. fols. not known no. 555)
Flemish Manuscript Illumination: 1450 - 1550 (April 16 to June 30, 1985)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), April 16 to June 30, 1985, (Cat. fols. 127v - 128)
Illuminated Books of Hours (July 22 to October 3, 1986)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), July 22 to October 3, 1986, (Cat. fols. 175v - 176)
Illuminated Flemish Manuscripts of the Late Middle Ages (July 26 to October 16, 1988)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), July 26 to October 16, 1988, (Cat. fols. 18v - 19)
The International Gothic Style (January 17 to April 1, 1989)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), January 17 to April 1, 1989, (Cat. fols. 18v - 19)
Recent Acquisitions of Illuminated Manuscripts, 1984-1989 (July 17 to September 30, 1989)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), July 17 to September 30, 1989, (Cat. fols. 18v - 19)
The Passion of Christ in Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts (April 11 to July 5, 1992)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), April 11 to July 5, 1992, (Cat. fols. 13v - 14)
Manuscripts and Americans: An Exhibition in Honor of Franklin D. Murphy (July 21 to October 18, 1992)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), July 21 to October 18, 1992, (Cat. fols. 16v - 17)
The Psalms and Their Illustration (April 27 to July 3, 1993)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), April 27 to July 3, 1993, (Cat. fols. 127v - 128)
The Cult of Saints in the Middle Ages and Renaissance (October 26, 1993 to January 9, 1994)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), October 26, 1993 to January 9, 1994, (Cat. fols. 16v - 17)
Harmonies of Heaven and Earth: Musicians and Instruments in Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts (January 25 to April 10, 1994)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), January 25 to April 10, 1994, (Cat. fols. 37v - 38)
The International Style: Courtly Art Around the Year 1400 (October 24, 1994 to January 8, 1995)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), October 25, 1994 to January 8, 1995, (Cat. fols. 37v - 38)
Devotion and Desire: Views of Women in the Middle Ages and Renaissance (July 25 to October 8, 1995)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), July 25 to October 8, 1995, (Cat. fols. 243v - 244)
Illuminating the Mind's Eye: Memory and Medieval Book Arts (July 23 to October 6, 1996)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), July 23 to October 6, 1996, (Cat. fols. 13v - 14)
Out-of-Bounds: Marginal Imagery in Illuminated Manuscripts (April 7, 1998 to July 5, 1998)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), April 7 to July 5, 1998, (Cat. fols. 18v - 19)
Flemish Illumination of the Late Middle Ages (November 3, 1998 to January 17, 1999)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), November 3, 1998 to January 17, 1999, (Cat. fols. 127v - 128)
Faces of Power and Piety: Portraits in Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts (February 2 to April 18, 1999)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), February 2 to April 18, 1999, (Cat. fols. 13v - 14)
The Queen of the Angels (August 15 to November 5, 2000)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), August 15 to November 5, 2000, (Cat. fols. 243v - 244)
Illuminating Color (May 22 to August 26, 2001)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), May 22 to August 26, 2001, (Cat. fols. 127v - 128)
A Treasury of Fifteenth Century Manuscript Illumination (March 26 to June 16, 2002)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), March 26 to June 16, 2002, (Cat. fols. 37v - 38)
The Medieval Best Seller: Illuminated Books of Hours (October 29, 2002 to January 19, 2003)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), October 29, 2002 to January 19, 2003, (Cat. fols. 18v - 19)
Five Hundred Years of Manuscript Illumination (February 11 to June 1, 2003)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), February 11 to June 1, 2003, (Cat. fols. 37v - 38)
Fit for a King: Courtly Manuscripts, 1380-1450 (June 29 to August 29, 2004)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), June 29 to September 5, 2004, (Cat. fols. 18v - 19)
Shrine and Shroud: Textiles in Illuminated Manuscripts (June 28 to October 2, 2005)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), June 28 to October 2, 2005, (Cat. fols. 13v - 14)
Faces of Power and Piety: Portraiture in the Middle Ages and Renaissance (August 12 to October 26, 2008)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), August 12 to October 26, 2008, (Cat. fols. 13v - 14)
Out of Bounds: Images in the Margins of Illuminated Manuscripts (September 1 to November 8, 2009)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), September 1 to November 8, 2009, (Cat. fol. 175v - 176)
Building the Medieval World: Architecture in Illuminated Manuscripts (March 2 to May 16, 2010)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), March 2 to May 16, 2010, (Cat. fols. 243v - 244)
The Old Testament in Medieval Manuscript Illumination (June 1 to August 8, 2010)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), June 1 to August 8, 2010, (Cat. fol. 127v - 128)
Illuminated Manuscripts from Belgium and the Netherlands (August 24, 2010 to February 6, 2011)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), August 24, 2010 to February 6, 2011, (Cat. a: fol. 37v - 38)
Bibliography

National Exhibition of Works of Art, at Leeds, 1868: Official Catalogue, exh. cat., under revision (Leeds: Edward Baines and Sons, 1868), pp.193, no. 555.

Sotheby, Wilkinson and Hodge, London. Catalogue of a Magnificent Collection of Manuscripts formed by a Gentleman of Consummate Taste and Judgment. June 7, 1876, p. 60, lot 347.

Illuminated Books of the Middle Ages and Renaissance, exh. cat. (Baltimore: Trustees of the Walters Art Gallery, 1949), p. 47, under no. 125.

de Ricci, Seymour, and William J. Wilson. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. 3 vols. (New York: The H.W. Wilson Company, 1937; repr., New York: Kraus Reprint Corporation, 1961) vol. 2, vol. 2, p. 2144, no. 3.

Adams, Thomas R. "Treasures of the John Carter Brown Library: A Collection's Progress." Gazette of the Grolier Club, n.s., no. 8 (October 1968), pp. 6-7.

Delaissé, Léon M. J., James Marrow, and John de Wit. Illuminated Manuscripts. The James A. de Rothschild Collection at Waddesdon Manor (Fribourg: Office du livre, 1977), pp. 103-5, figs. 6-7.

Sotheby, Parke, Bernet & Co. Western Illuminated Manuscripts: The Property of The John Carter Brown Library, Providence, Rhode Island [...]. May 18, 1981, pp. 71-81, lot 15, ill.

Kraus, Hans Peter. Cimelia: A Catalogue of Important Illuminated and Textual Manuscripts Published in Commemoration of the Sale of the Ludwig Collection (New York: H. P. Kraus, 1983), pp. 66-71, under no. 12, ill.

"Acquisitions/1984." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 13 (1985), p. 200-1, no. 121, ill.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 1st ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), pp. 64, 78, ill.

Büttner, Frank O. "Komposite Programme der Stundenbuchikonographie in den südlichen Niederlanden bis gegen 1480." In Miscellanea Neerlandica [...]. Elly Cockx-Indestege and Frans Hendrickx, eds. 3 vols. (Leuven: Peeters, 1987), vol. 1, pp. 311-41, 328n25.

Plotzek, Joachim M. Andachtsbücher des Mittelalters aus Privatbesitz, exh. cat. (Cologne: Schnütgen-Museum, 1987), pp. 173-75.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 2nd ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1988), pp. 64, 78, ill.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 3rd ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1991), pp. 64, 81, ill.

Rogers, Nicholas. "The Miniature of St. John the Baptist in Gonville and Caius MS 241/127 and Its Context." Transactions of the Cambridge Bibliographical Society 10, part 2 (1992), pp. 131, 137n61.

Brinkmann, Bodo. "Master of Guillebert de Metz." In The Dictionary of Art. Jane Turner, ed. Vol. 20 (New York: Grove, 1996), pp. 686-687, ill.

Reynolds, Catherine. "Reality and Image: Interpreting Three Paintings of the Virgin and Child in an Interior Associated with Campin." In Robert Campin [...]. Susan Foister and Susie Nash, eds. (London: The National Gallery and Brepols, 1996), pp. 185 and 193n26.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 4th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 80, ill.

Masterpieces of the J. Paul Getty Museum: Illuminated Manuscripts (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), pp. 88-90, no. 37, entry by Thomas Kren.

Elinor, Robert. Buddha & Christ: Images of Wholeness (New York: Weatherhill, 2000), p. 87, fig. 47.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 6th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), p. 80, ill.

Bousmanne, Bernard, and William M. Voelkle. The Black Hours: MS M.493, the Pierpont Morgan Library, New York. Christiane Roth, trans. (Lucerne: Faksimile Verlag, 2001), pp. 117n66, 160, fig. 18.

Marrow, James H. Pictorial Invention in Netherlandish Manuscript Illumination of the Late Middle Ages: The Play of Illusion and Meaning. Corpus of Illuminated Manuscripts 16 (Paris: Uitgeverij Peeters, 2005), pp. 9, 12, 36, 48, fig. 26.

Inglis, Erik. Faces of Power & Piety (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum; London: The British Library, 2008), p. 29, fig. 26, frontispiece ill.

Sciacca, Christine. Building the Medieval World (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum; London: The British Library, 2010), pp. 2, 12-13, 61, 93, figs. 2, 10, 58.

Kren, Thomas. Illuminated Manuscripts from Belgium and the Netherlands in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2010), pp. 14-16, 35, 54-58, ill.