Book of Hours

Object Details

Title:

Book of Hours

Artist/Maker(s):

Master of Guillebert de Mets (Flemish, active about 1410 - 1450)

and Master of the Lee Hours (Flemish, active about 1450 - 1470)

and Master of Wauquelin's Alexander (Flemish, active about 1440 - 1460)

Culture:

Flemish

Place(s):

Ghent (probably), Belgium (Place created)

Date:

about 1450 - 1455

Medium:

Tempera colors, gold leaf, and ink on parchment bound between pasteboard covered with late sixteenth-century Flemish (?) calf

Dimensions:

Leaf: 19.4 x 14 cm (7 5/8 x 5 1/2 in.)

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This profusely illuminated Flemish book of hours offers an unusual reversal of what is expected. While borders are customarily visually subordinate to miniatures, the lush foliage in the borders of this manuscript's most outstanding pages captures the reader's attention and gives unity to the double-page spreads.

The illuminations are the work of several artists, the most talented of whom is known as the Master of Guillebert de Mets. His miniatures are painted on single leaves, which were inserted into the manuscript. This fact suggests that he did not work in close collaboration with the scribes who produced the text. The style of his paintings reveals that the artist had a background in the Parisian International style, yet his bold handling of borders with their rich vegetation and energetically twisting banderoles is unique.

Related Works
Exhibitions
National Exhibition of Works of Art (1868) (no. 555; fols. not known)
  • Leeds City Museum and Galleries, (Leeds), 1868
Flemish Manuscript Illumination: 1450 - 1550 (April 16 to June 30, 1985) (fols. 127v - 128)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), April 16 to June 30, 1985
Illuminated Books of Hours (July 22 to October 3, 1986) (fols. 175v - 176)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), July 22 to October 3, 1986
Illuminated Flemish Manuscripts of the Late Middle Ages (July 26 to October 16, 1988) (fols. 18v - 19)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), July 26 to October 16, 1988
The International Gothic Style (January 17 to April 1, 1989) (fols. 18v - 19)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), January 17 to April 1, 1989
Recent Acquisitions of Illuminated Manuscripts, 1984-1989 (July 17 to September 30, 1989) (fols. 18v - 19)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), July 17 to September 30, 1989
The Passion of Christ in Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts (April 11 to July 5, 1992) (fols. 13v - 14)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), April 11 to July 5, 1992
Manuscripts and Americans: An Exhibition in Honor of Franklin D. Murphy (July 21 to October 18, 1992) (fols. 16v - 17)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), July 21 to October 18, 1992
The Psalms and Their Illustration (April 27 to July 3, 1993) (fols. 127v - 128)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), April 27 to July 3, 1993
The Cult of Saints in the Middle Ages and Renaissance (October 26, 1993 to January 9, 1994) (fols. 16v - 17)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), October 26, 1993 to January 9, 1994
Harmonies of Heaven and Earth: Musicians and Instruments in Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts (January 25 to April 10, 1994) (fols. 37v - 38)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), January 25 to April 10, 1994
The International Style: Courtly Art Around the Year 1400 (October 24, 1994 to January 8, 1995) (fols. 37v - 38)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), October 25, 1994 to January 8, 1995
Devotion and Desire: Views of Women in the Middle Ages and Renaissance (July 25 to October 8, 1995) (fols. 243v - 244)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), July 25 to October 8, 1995
Illuminating the Mind's Eye: Memory and Medieval Book Arts (July 23 to October 6, 1996) (fols. 13v - 14)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), July 23 to October 6, 1996
Out-of-Bounds: Marginal Imagery in Illuminated Manuscripts (April 7, 1998 to July 5, 1998) (fols. 18v - 19)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), April 7 to July 5, 1998
Flemish Illumination of the Late Middle Ages (November 3, 1998 to January 17, 1999) (fols. 127v - 128)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), November 3, 1998 to January 17, 1999
Faces of Power and Piety: Portraits in Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts (February 2 to April 18, 1999) (fols. 13v - 14)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), February 2 to April 18, 1999
The Queen of the Angels (August 15 to November 5, 2000) (fols. 243v - 244)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), August 15 to November 5, 2000
Illuminating Color (May 22 to August 26, 2001) (fols. 127v - 128)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), May 22 to August 26, 2001
A Treasury of Fifteenth Century Manuscript Illumination (March 26 to June 16, 2002) (fols. 37v - 38)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), March 26 to June 16, 2002
The Medieval Best Seller: Illuminated Books of Hours (October 29, 2002 to January 19, 2003) (fols. 18v - 19)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), October 29, 2002 to January 19, 2003
Five Hundred Years of Manuscript Illumination (February 11 to June 1, 2003) (fols. 37v - 38)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), February 11 to June 1, 2003
Fit for a King: Courtly Manuscripts, 1380-1450 (June 29 to August 29, 2004) (fols. 18v - 19)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), June 29 to September 5, 2004
Shrine and Shroud: Textiles in Illuminated Manuscripts (June 28 to October 2, 2005) (fols. 13v - 14)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), June 28 to October 2, 2005
Faces of Power and Piety: Portraiture in the Middle Ages and Renaissance (August 12 to October 26, 2008) (fols. 13v - 14)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), August 12 to October 26, 2008
Out of Bounds: Images in the Margins of Illuminated Manuscripts (September 1 to November 8, 2009) (fol. 175v - 176)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), September 1 to November 8, 2009
Building the Medieval World: Architecture in Illuminated Manuscripts (March 2 to May 16, 2010) (fols. 243v - 244)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), March 2 to May 16, 2010
The Old Testament in Medieval Manuscript Illumination (June 1 to August 8, 2010) (fol. 127v - 128)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), June 1 to August 8, 2010
Illuminated Manuscripts from Belgium and the Netherlands (August 24, 2010 to February 6, 2011) (a: fol. 37v - 38)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), August 24, 2010 to February 6, 2011
Touching the Past: The Hand in the Medieval Book (July 7 to September 27, 2015) (fols. 13v - 14)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), July 7 to September 27, 2015