Il Fior di Battaglia

Object Details

Title:

Il Fior di Battaglia

Artist/Maker(s):

Unknown

Fiore Furlan dei Liberi da Premariacco (Italian, about 1340/1350 - before 1450)

Culture:

Italian

Place(s):

Venice Italy Padua (or) Italy (Place created)

Date:

about 1410

Medium:

Tempera colors, gold leaf, silver leaf, and ink on parchment bound between pasteboard covered with light brown calf

Dimensions:

Closed: 29 x 21.9 x 2.5 cm (11 7/16 x 8 5/8 x 1 in.)

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Like people today, people of the medieval and Renaissance periods read how-to books. This manuscript by the greatest fencing-master of the late 1300s, Fiore Furlan dei Liberi da Premariacco, instructs the reader in the intricacies of combat. Lively illustrations of charging horses and armored knights accompany the text. Through words and pictures, the manuscript teaches a variety of fighting techniques including single combat on foot with sword, dagger, and ax, and also mounted combat in all its variations. Nicolò III d'Este, ruler of Ferrara, ordered at least three copies of this text, including this one. Nicolò's interest in such a manual was quite natural, since fighting played an important role in the education of young nobleman, and he himself was raising three sons.

Related Works
Exhibitions
Secular Manuscripts (October 21, 1986 to January 4, 1987)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), October 21, 1986 to January 4, 1987, (Cat. fols. 44v - 45)
Illuminated Italian Manuscripts (April 19 to July 10, 1988)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), April 19 to July 10, 1988, (Cat. fols. 44v - 45)
The International Gothic Style (January 17 to April 1, 1989)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), January 17 to April 1, 1989, (Cat. fols. 44v - 45)
Vie a mon desir: Illuminated Manuscripts and Their Patrons (April 18 to July 2, 1989)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), April 18 to July 2, 1989, (Cat. fols. 45v - 46)
Illuminated Secular Manuscripts (July 17 to September 30, 1990)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), July 17 to September 30, 1990, (Cat. fols. 44v - 45)
Illuminated Secular Manuscripts (January 24 to April 9, 1995)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), January 24 to April 9, 1995, (Cat. fols. 44v - 45)
Italian Manuscript Illumination (May 9 to July 30, 2000)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), May 9 to July 30, 2000, (Cat. fols. 44v - 45)
The Making of a Medieval Book (2000) (August 15 to November 5, 2000)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), August 15 to November 5, 2000, (Cat. fols. 9v - 10)
The Making of a Medieval Book (2003) (May 20 to September 7, 2003)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), May 20 to September 7, 2003, (Cat. fols. 9v - 10 and 41v - 42)
Images of Violence in the Middle Ages (December 21 2004 to March 13, 2005)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), December 21, 2004 to March 13, 2005, (Cat. fols. 41v - 42)
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Bibliography

Mellini, Gian Lorenzo. "Disegni di Altichiero e della sua Scuola, 1." Critica d'arte 9, no. 51 (May-June 1962),

Mellini, Gian Lorenzo. "Disegni di Altichiero e della sua Scuola, 2." Critica d'arte 9, no. 53-54 (September-October, November-December, 1962),

von Euw, Anton, and Joachim M. Plotzek. Die Handschriften der Sammlung Ludwig. 4 vols. (Cologne: Schnütgen-Museum der Stadt Köln, 1979-1985), vol. 4 (1985), pp. 282-88.

Touwaide, Alain. "Visions du monde médiéval à travers les manuscrits enluminées du J. P. Getty Museum (Malibu)." Scriptorium 45, no. 1 (1991), pp. 298-302.

Kren, Thomas, and Kurt Barstow. Italian Illuminated Manuscripts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2005), pp. xiv, 33-35, ill.

Morrison, Elizabeth. Beasts: Factual & Fantastic (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum; London: The British Library, 2007), pp. 53-56, fig. 44.

Mondschein, Ken. The Knightly Art of Battle (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2011), passim.