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Hugo of Fouilloy (French, about 1110 - about 1173/1174)
Thérouanne ?, France (formerly Flanders) (Place Created)
Tempera colors, gold leaf, and ink on parchment bound between pasteboard covered with brown morocco
Ms. Ludwig XV 3 (83.MR.173)
Leaf: 19.1 × 14.3 cm (7 1/2 × 5 5/8 in.)
Bestiaries, collections of moralizing descriptions of animals both real and legendary, were among the most popular books of the 1100s and 1200s. A pseudo-scientific catalogue, bestiary texts were drawn from the Greek Physiologus. Originally composed in the first centuries of the Christian era, translated into Latin in the 300s, and augmented throughout the Middle Ages, a bestiary explained the natural world in terms of Christian symbolism and precepts. The Getty Museum's manuscript is a compilation that includes two rare treatises by Hugo de Fouilloy in addition to the Bestiary. The first text is the Aviary, which uses the characteristics of different types of birds to make moral points. The second, Treatise on Flocks and Shepherds, constructs a metaphorical discussion of Christ as an abbot, taking care of his flock, and the abbot and monks in a monastery caring for their charges. Both of Hugo's Latin texts were intended for teaching lay brothers, those who performed manual work in a monastery. This manuscript, though made around 1270 in Flanders, is stylistically close to contemporary elegant Parisian illuminations produced at the court of King Louis IX, which are characterized by gracefully gesturing figures, vigorous outlines, and gold-patterned backgrounds.
1849 - 1878
Bertram Ashburnham, fourth earl of Ashburnham, 1797 - 1878 [sold, Catalogue of the Portion of the Famous Collection of Manuscripts the Property of the Rt. Hon. the Earl of Ashburnham Known as the Barrois Collection, Sotheby's, London, June 10, 1901, lot 288, to Charles Fairfax Murray.]
1901 - 1906
Charles Fairfax Murray, 1849 - 1919
1906 - 1958
Charles William Dyson Perrins, English, 1864 - 1958 [sold, Sotheby's, London, December 9, 1958, lot 7, to H.P. Kraus.]
Hans P. Kraus, Sr., American, born Austria, 1907 - 1988
Hans P. Kraus, Sr., American, born Austria, 1907 - 1988
Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts (July 1 to September 30, 1984) (fols. 46v - 47)
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Gothic Manuscript Illumination: 1250-1375 (January 16 to March 13, 1985) (fols. 89v - 90)
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French Illuminated Manuscripts (July 17 to October 6, 1985) (fols. 77v - 78)
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Secular Manuscripts (October 21, 1986 to January 4, 1987) (fols. 91v - 92)
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Illuminated Gothic Manuscripts (January 20 to April 5, 1987) (fols. 82v - 83)
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Illuminated Secular Manuscripts (July 17 to September 30, 1990) (fols. 91v - 92)
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Ludwigslust: Die Sammlung Irene und Peter Ludwig (June 19 to October 10, 1993) (fols. 46v - 47 and 89v - 90)
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Harmonies of Heaven and Earth: Musicians and Instruments in Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts (January 25 to April 10, 1994) (fols. 82v - 83)
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Ars et Ingenium: The Illuminator's Craft and Genius (July 26 to October 9, 1994) (fols. 41v - 42)
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Illuminated Secular Manuscripts (January 24 to April 9, 1995) (fols. 89v - 90)
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Ten Centuries of French Illumination (April 23 to July 7, 1996) (fols. 77v - 78)
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Illuminating the Mind's Eye: Memory and Medieval Book Arts (July 23 to October 6, 1996) (fols. 92v - 93)
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Manuscript Illumination of the 13th Century (January 21 to April 6, 1997) (fols. 89v - 90)
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Masterpieces of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscript illumination (December 16, 1997 to March 22, 1998) (fols. 89v - 90)
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The Book of Kings: Art, War, and the Morgan Library's Medieval Picture Bible (October 27 to December 29, 2002) (fols. 88v - 89: A Dragon Flying over a Panther; A Dragon)
- Walters Art Museum (Baltimore), October 27 to December 29, 2002
Transforming Tradition: Ancient Motifs in Medieval Manuscripts (September 23 to November 30, 2003) (fol. 77v - 78)
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The Glory of the Gothic Page (December 16, 2003 to March 7, 2004) (fols. 82v - 83)
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Landscape in the Renaissance (August 1 to October 15, 2006) (fols. 89v - 90)
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Medieval Beasts (May 1 to July 29, 2007) (fols. 88v - 89)
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The Old Testament in Medieval Manuscript Illumination (June 1 to August 8, 2010) (fol. 66v - 67)
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Illuminated Manuscripts from Belgium and the Netherlands (August 24, 2010 to February 6, 2011) (a. 77v - 78 b. 46v - 47)
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Stories to Watch: Narrative in Medieval Manuscripts (February 22 to May 15, 2011) (fols. 89v - 90)
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The Alchemy of Color in Medieval Manuscripts (October 11, 2016 to January 1, 2017) (fols. 69v - 70)
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The Book of Beasts: The Bestiary in the Medieval World (May 14 to August 18, 2019) (Fols. 89v-90)
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