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Miroir Historial, 2 vols.
Ghent, Belgium (Place Created)
Tempera colors, gold leaf, and gold paint on parchment bound between wood boards covered with brown morocco
Ms. Ludwig XIII 5 (83.MP.148)
The Speculum maius is considered the masterwork of Vincent de Beauvais, a thirteenth-century
Although Beauvais tried to compile a carefully organized and factually accurate summary of human knowledge, his history of mankind actually blends together biblical, mythical, and historical events. Nonetheless, the Speculum maius was a stunning achievement, and the text's popularity and influence in the Middle Ages is evident in its survival in a number of luxurious
The Getty's copy of the Miroir historial dates to the 1400s and contains 132
Commissioned by a member of the Lannoy d'Ameraucourt Family, by descent to Jean de Lannoy.
Source: Arms chequy or and azur, are emblazoned at the beginning of Books I and V (vol. I, f. I; vol. 2, f. Ib).
late 16th century
Jean de Lannoy, French, 1542 - 1603
Source: On the verso of the last leaf of vol. 2 is a note concerning Jehan de Lannoy, gentleman of the chamber to Henri de Lorraine, Duke of Guise, his wife and children.
Possibly Henri I de Lorraine, French, 1550 - 1588
William Horatio Crawford, British, 1812 - 1888
1888 - 1891
Estate of William Horatio Crawford, British, 1812 - 1888 [sold, Sotheby's, London, March 12, 1891, lot 3255, to Bernard Quaritch]
1891 - 1893
Bernard Quaritch, Ltd. [sold, No. 138: A Catalogue of Manuscripts Arranged in Chronological Order, Bernard Quaritch, London, December 1893, Lot 98, p 45, to Charles Fairfax Murray.]
1893 - 1906
Charles Fairfax Murray, 1849 - 1919, sold to C.W. Dyson Perrins, 1906.
1906 - 1960
Charles William Dyson Perrins, English, 1864 - 1958 [sold, Sotheby's, London, November 29, 1960, lot 134, to H.P. Kraus]
Hans P. Kraus, Sr., American, born Austria, 1907 - 1988
von Euw, Anton, and Joachim M. Plotzek. Die Handschriften der Sammlung Ludwig. 4 vols. (Cologne: Schnütgen-Museum, 1979-1985), vol. 3 (1982), pp. 243-49.
Chavannes-Mazel, Claudine A. "Problems in Translation, Transcription and Iconography: The Miroir historial, Books 1-8." In Vincent de Beauvais ... . Monique Palmier-Foucart, et al., eds., 1988, Montreal (Paris and Vrin, 1990), pp. 361, 364.
Jung, Marc-René. La légende de Troie en France au moyen âge (Basel and Tübingen, 1996), pp. 343-46, 355-56, 507.
Morrison, Elizabeth. Beasts: Factual & Fantastic (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum; London: The British Library, 2007), pp. 21-23, 78, 81, figs. 14, 65, ill.
Kren, Thomas. Illuminated Manuscripts from Belgium and the Netherlands in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2010), pp. 79-80, ill.
Steel, Karl. "Centaurs, Satyrs, and Cynocephali: Medieval Scholarly Teratology and the Question of the Human." In The Ashgate Research Companion to Monsters and the Monstrous. Asa Simon Mittman, Peter J. Dendel, eds. (Farnham: Ashgate Publishing Limited, 2012), pp. xii, 260-61, fig. 11.1.
Black, Maggie. The Medieval Cookbook. Rev. ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2012), p. 13, fig. 2.
Keene, Bryan C. Gardens of the Renaissance (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2013), pp. 28-29, ill.
Kempf, Damien, and Maria L. Gilbert. Medieval Monsters (London: British Library, 2015), p. 21, ill.
Keene, Bryan C., and Alexandra Kaczenski. Sacred Landscapes: Nature in Renaissance Manuscripts (Los Angeles: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 2017), pp. 41-42, fig. 25.
Keene, Bryan C., and Morgan Conger. "Sentieri per il Paradiso: Percorsi Spirituali tra Europa e India." Alumina 60 (2018), pp. 50-7, p. 52.
Russakoff, Anna D. Imagining the Miraculous: Miraculous Images of the Virgin Mary in French Illuminated Manuscripts, Ca. 1250-ca. 1450. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 2019, pp. 76-77.