The J. Paul Getty Museum

Miscellany of Texts on the Quadrivium

Object Details


Miscellany of Texts on the Quadrivium






England (Place Created)


early 12th century; additions early 13th–16th century


Pen and black, green, and red inks on parchment bound between pasteboard covered with brown calf

Object Number:

Ms. Ludwig XII 5 (83.MO.134)


Leaf: 24.1 × 15.6 cm (9 1/2 × 6 1/8 in.)

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Object Description

The basic course of learning in the Middle Ages was the study of the seven liberal arts: grammar, rhetoric, logic, arithmetic, music, geometry, and astronomy. A renewal of interest in the natural world in the 1200s ensured a prominent place for astronomy in the growing universities of Europe. This collection of scientific theories about the constellations and other scholarly texts was probably compiled as a textbook. The constellations and signs of the zodiac were rendered in a pen-and-ink technique that lends liveliness to the depiction of the positions of the stars in the sky.

17th century

Probably John Huntley de Balyol, British, 1624 - 1676

until 1846

Ford Abbey [sold, English and Son, Bath, October 26, 1846, lot 251, to Sir Thomas Phillipps.]

1846 - 1950

Sir Thomas Phillipps, first Bart, British, 1792 - 1872 [sold, W.H. Robinson, London, 1950, no. 76], remained with family until sold to Zeitlin and Ver Brugge.
Note: Ms. 12145

1950 - 1955

Zeitlin & Ver Brugge, sold to Robert B. Honeyman Jr.

1955 - 1979

Robert Brodhead Honeyman, Jr., American, 1897 - 1987 [sold, Sotheby's, London, May 2, 1979, lot 1085, to H.P. Kraus.]

1979 -

Hans P. Kraus, Sr., American, born Austria, 1907 - 1988

until 1983

Dr. Peter Ludwig, German, 1925 - 1996 and Irene Ludwig, German, 1927 - 2010, sold to the J.Paul Getty Museum,1983.

Early Medieval and Romanesque Manuscripts (October 17 to December 30, 1984) (fols. 151v-152)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), October 17 to December 30, 1984
Monasteries and Manuscripts (July 16 to September 29, 1991) (fols. 149v-150)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), July 16 to September 29, 1991
Manuscripts and Americans: An Exhibition in Honor of Franklin D. Murphy (July 21 to October 18, 1992) (fols. 150v-151)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), July 21 to October 18, 1992
From this World to Others: One Thousand Years of the History of Astronomy (December 1, 2000 to May 13, 2001) (fols. 149v-150; fols. 150v-151)
  • The Huntington Library (San Marino), December 1, 2000 to May 13, 2001
The Glory of the Gothic Page (December 16, 2003 to March 7, 2004) (fols. 149v-150)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), December 16, 2003 to March 7, 2004
The Medieval Bookshelf: From Romance to Astronomy (January 24 to April 9, 2006) (fols. 149v-150)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), January 24 to April 9, 2006
Medieval Beasts (May 1 to July 29, 2007) (fols. 149v-150)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), May 1 to July 29, 2007
Remembering Antiquity: The Ancient World Through Medieval Eyes (January 24 to May 28, 2017) (fols. 149v-150)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), January 24 to May 28, 2017
The Wondrous Cosmos in the Medieval World (April 30 to July 21, 2019) (fols. 151v-152)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), April 30 to July 21, 2019

Sitzungsberichte Der Philosophisch-Historischen Classe Der Kaiserlichen Akademie Der Wissenschaften. Wien: In Kommission bei C. Gerold's Sohn, 1892. Internet resource.

Schenkl, Heinrich. Bibliotheca Patrum Latinorum Britannica: 1,2. Die Phillips'sche Bibliothek in Cheltenham.(910-2154). 1892.158 S. Wien: Gerold, 1892. Print.

Burr, George L., A History of Magic and Experimental Science during the First Thirteen Centuries of our Era. By Lynn Thorndike, Ph. D., Professor of History in Western Reserve University. In two volumes. (New York: Macmillan Company. 1923. Pp. xl, 835; vi, pp. 682-695.

William H. Robinson, Ltd and Phillipps, Thomas Sir, 1792-1872 A selection of precious manuscripts, historic documents and rare books, the majority from the renowned collection of Sir Thomas Phillipps, Bt. (1792-1872). W.H. Robinson, London, 1950.

Munby, A N. L. The Formation of the Phillipps Library. Cambridge [England: University Press, 1954. Print.

Ricci, Seymour, William J. Wilson, Christopher U. Faye, and William H. Bond. Supplement to the Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts: In the United States and Canada. New York, N.Y.: The Bibliographical Society of America, 1962. Print.

Folkerts, Menso, and Boethius. "boethius" Geometrie Ii: Ein Mathematisches Lehrbuch Des Mittelalters. Wiesbaden: F. Steiner, 1970. Print.

Sachs, Klaus-Jürgen. Mensura Fistularum: Die Mensurierung Der Orgelpfeifen Im Mittelalter. Stuttgart: Musikwissenschaftliche Verlags-Gesellschaft, 1970. Print.

Alexander, J J. G. A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles: Romanesque Manuscripts 1066-1190 by C.M. Kauffmann, 1975. Print.

Alexander, J J. G. A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles: Early Gothic Manuscripts [I] 1190-1250 by Nigel Morgan,1975. Print.

Sotheby's, The Honeyman Collection of Scientific Books and Manuscripts, Part III: Manuscripts and Autograph Letters of the 12th to the 20th Century, London 2nd May, 1979.

Gibson, Margaret T, Janet L. Nelson, and David Ganz. Charles the Bald: Court and Kingdom : Papers Based on a Colloquium Held in London in April 1979. Oxford: British Archaeological Reprints, 1981. Print, pp. 333-348.

Schmid, Hans. Musica Et Scolica Enchiriadis: Una Cum Aliquibus Tractatulis Adiunctis. München: Verlag der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1981. Print.

von Euw, Anton, and Joachim M. Plotzek. Die Handschriften der Sammlung Ludwig. 4 vols. (Cologne: Schnütgen-Museum, 1979-1985), vol. 3 (1982), pp. 158-69.

"Manuscript Acquisitions: The Ludwig Collection." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 12, 1984, p. 299.

"Acquisitions/1984." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 13 (1985).

Voigts, Linda Ehrsam. “The Latin Verse and Middle English Prose Texts on the Sphere of Life and Death in Harley 3719.” The Chaucer Review, vol. 21, no. 2, 1986, pp. 291–305, pp. 291-305.

Neff, Amy. “Wicked Children on Calvary and the Baldness of St. Francis.” Mitteilungen Des Kunsthistorischen Institutes in Florenz, vol. 34, no. 3, 1990, pp. 215–244, pp. 215-244.

E. Klingshirn, William, Defining the Sortes Sanctorum : Gibbon, Du Cange, and Early Christian Lot Divination. Journal of Early Christian Studies. 10. 77-130. 10.1353/earl.2002.0011.

Morrison, Elizabeth. Beasts: Factual & Fantastic (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum; London: The British Library, 2007), pp. 49-51, fig. 38.

Juste, David. Les Alchandreana primitifs: Étude sur les plus anciens traités astrologiques latins d'origine arabe (Xe siècle). Brill's Texts and Sources in Intellectual History 2 (Leiden: Brill, 2007), pp. 246n146, 264, 335-37, 393, 411.

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