Spinola Hours

Object Details

Title:

Spinola Hours

Artist/Maker(s):

Master of James IV of Scotland (Flemish, before 1465 - about 1541)

Master of the Dresden Prayer Book (Flemish, active about 1480 - 1515)

Master of the Lübeck Bible (Flemish, about 1485-about 1520)

Master of the Prayer Books of around 1500 (Flemish, active 1500)

and Workshop of Master of the First Prayer Book of Maximilian (Flemish, active about 1475 - 1515)

Culture:

Flemish

Place(s):

Bruges Belgium Ghent Belgium (Place created)

Date:

about 1510 - 1520

Medium:

Tempera colors, gold, and ink on parchment bound between pasteboard covered with red morocco

Dimensions:

Leaf: 23.2 x 16.7 cm (9 1/8 x 6 9/16 in.)

See more

See less

With miniatures displaying astounding plays of spatial illusionism, the luxurious personal prayer book known as the Spinola Hours is one of the most visually sophisticated Flemish manuscripts of the sixteenth century. A book of hours contains a calendar of Church holidays, the Hours of the Virgin, which is a cycle of prayer services devoted to the Virgin Mary, the Office for the Dead, and other prayers, hymns, and readings. This particular book augments these contents with a special series of weekday offices and masses, providing even more possibilities for rich illuminations.

The Master of James IV of Scotland, while the primary illuminator, collaborated with several other artists to produce the eighty-eight large illuminations in the manuscript. The originality of his work can be seen in the startling illusions present in his miniatures, including such details as paintings of metal pins so real they seem to pierce the parchment. The book was undoubtedly commissioned for a wealthy patron, perhaps Margaret of Austria, for whom The Master of James IV of Scotland produced other works. In the 1700s the book belonged to the Spinola family in Genoa, from whom it takes its modern name.

Other artists whose illuminations appear in this manuscript include the Master of the Dresden Prayer Book and the Master of the Prayer Books of around 1500.

Related Works
Exhibitions
Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts (July 1 to September 30, 1984) (fols. 92v - 93)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), July 1 to September 30, 1984
Flemish Manuscript Illumination: 1450 - 1550 (April 16 to June 30, 1985) (fols. 184v - 185)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), April 16 to June 30, 1985
Illuminated Books of Hours (July 22 to October 3, 1986) (fols. 3v - 4)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), July 22 to October 3, 1986
Illuminated Flemish Manuscripts of the Late Middle Ages (July 26 to October 16, 1988) (fols. 148v - 149)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), July 26 to October 16, 1988
The Art of the Written Word: Medieval and Renaissance Calligraphy in Illuminated Manuscripts (January 16 to April 1, 1990) (fols. 83v - 84)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), January 16 to April 1, 1990
Illuminated Devotional Manuscripts (October 16 to December 30, 1990) (fols. 184v - 185)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), October 16 to December 30, 1990
The Apocalypse and Other Visions in Medieval Illuminated Manuscripts (April 16 to June 30, 1991) (fols. 39v - 40)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), April 16 to June 30, 1991
The Passion of Christ in Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts (April 11 to July 5, 1992) (fols. 119v - 120)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), April 11 to July 5, 1992
Art and Science: Joris Hoefnagel and the Representation of Nature in the Renaissance (November 3, 1992 to January 17, 1993) (fols. 264v - 265)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), November 3, 1992 to January 17, 1993
The Cult of Saints in the Middle Ages and Renaissance (October 26, 1993 to January 9, 1994) (fols. 262v - 263)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), October 26, 1993 to January 9, 1994
Harmonies of Heaven and Earth: Musicians and Instruments in Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts (January 25 to April 10, 1994) (fols. 48v - 49)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), January 25 to April 10, 1994
Fouquet's Century: Transformations in French Painting, 1415-1530 (April 26 to July 10, 1994) (fols. 39v - 40)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), April 26 to July 10, 1994
The Crucifixion in Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts (January 30 to April 7, 1996) (fols. 148v - 149)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), January 30 to April 7, 1996
Masterpieces of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscript illumination (December 16, 1997 to March 22, 1998) (fols. 10v - 11)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), December 16, 1997 to March 22, 1998
Out-of-Bounds: Marginal Imagery in Illuminated Manuscripts (April 7, 1998 to July 5, 1998) (fols. 184v - 185)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), April 7 to July 5, 1998
Flemish Illumination of the Late Middle Ages (November 3, 1998 to January 17, 1999) (fols. 148v - 149)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), November 3, 1998 to January 17, 1999
Art and Science: Joris Hoefnagel and the Representation of Nature in the Renaissance (October 12, 1999 to January 9, 2000) (fols. 264v - 265)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles)
The Psalms and Their Illustration (February 1 to April 23, 2000) (fols. 165v - 166)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), February 1 to April 23, 2000
The Queen of the Angels (August 15 to November 5, 2000) (fols. 64v - 65)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), August 15 to November 5, 2000
The Art of Giving in the Middle Ages (November 21, 2000 to February 4, 2001) (fols. 21v - 22)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), November 21, 2000 to February 4, 2001
Artful Reading in Medieval and Renaissance Europe (December 18, 2001 to March 10, 2002) (fols. 264v - 265)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), December 18, 2001 to March 10, 2002
Illuminating the Renaissance: The Triumph of Flemish Manuscript Painting in Europe (June 17, 2003 to February 22, 2004) (124; fols. 184v - 185: Death and Funeral [fols. 92v - 93: Annunciation])
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), June 17 to September 7, 2003
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), November 29, 2003 to February 22, 2004
Shrine and Shroud: Textiles in Illuminated Manuscripts (June 28 to October 2, 2005) (fol. 66v - 67)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), June 28 to October 2, 2005
The Cult of Saints (April 25 to July 16, 2006) (fols. 269v - 270)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), April 25 to July 16, 2006
Landscape in the Renaissance (August 1 to October 15, 2006) (fols. 10v - 11)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), August 1 to October 15, 2006
The Gospels in Medieval Manuscript Illumination (October 31, 2006 to January 7, 2007) (fol. 87v - 88)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), October 31, 2006 to January 7, 2007
Medieval Beasts (May 1 to July 29, 2007) (fols. 5v - 6)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), May 1 to July 29, 2007
Imagining Christ (May 6 to July 27, 2008) (Fol. 165v - 166)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), May 6 to July 27, 2008
Temptation and Salvation: The Psalms of King David (June 9 to August 16, 2009) (fols. 165v - 166)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), June 9 to August 16, 2009
Building the Medieval World: Architecture in Illuminated Manuscripts (March 2 to May 16, 2010) (fols. 184v - 185)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), March 2 to May 16, 2010
The Old Testament in Medieval Manuscript Illumination (June 1 to August 8, 2010) (fol. 56v - 57)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), June 1 to August 8, 2010
Illuminated Manuscripts from Belgium and the Netherlands (August 24, 2010 to February 6, 2011) (b: fol. 119v - 120)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), August 24, 2010 to February 6, 2011
Heaven, Hell, and Dying Well: Images of Death in the Middle Ages (May 29 to August 12, 2012) (fols 21v - 22)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), May 29 to August 12, 2012
Gardens of the Renaissance (May 28 to August 11, 2013) (fols. 92v - 93)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), May 28 to August 11, 2013
Touching the Past: The Hand in the Medieval Book (July 7 to September 27, 2015) (fols. 119v - 120)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), July 7 to September 27, 2015