Book of Hours

Object Details

Title:

Book of Hours

Artist/Maker(s):

Follower of the Boucicaut Master (French, active about 1390 - 1430)

and a follower of the Egerton Master (French / Netherlandish active about 1405 - 1420)

Culture:

French

Place(s):

Paris, France (Place created)

Date:

about 1410

Medium:

Tempera colors, gold leaf, gold paint, and ink on parchment bound between pasteboard covered with red morocco

Dimensions:

Leaf: 19.1 x 14 cm (7 1/2 x 5 1/2 in.)

See more

See less

Books of hours, made especially for the private devotional practice of lay people, were one of the most important types of manuscript to be made in the later Middle Ages. Although this book is elaborately decorated with an innovative scheme of illumination and numerous marginal figures, it was illuminated not by major masters but by their followers. With the increased demand for books of hours in the early 1400s, collaborative ventures by different artists were common in the Parisian art market. This book was certainly made for a woman; in fact, she is depicted kneeling in prayer in the miniatures accompanying two prayers to the Virgin.

The manuscript epitomizes the sumptuous aesthetic of the International style of painting. Characteristic features include the elongated proportions of the figures, their swaying postures, and their extravagant clothing. The borders are also classic examples of the International style in manuscripts, with richly colored acanthus leaves, brilliant touches of gold leaf, and small playful figures appearing throughout.

Related Works
Exhibitions
French Illuminated Manuscripts (July 17 to October 6, 1985)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), July 17 to October 6, 1985, (Cat. fols. 26v - 27)
Illuminated Books of Hours (July 22 to October 3, 1986)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), July 22 to October 3, 1986, (Cat. fols. 26v - 27)
Illuminated French Manuscripts of the Later Middle Ages (October 20, 1987 to January 3, 1988)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), October 20, 1987 to January 3, 1988, (Cat. fols. 134v - 135)
The International Gothic Style (January 17 to April 1, 1989)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), January 17 to April 1, 1989, (Cat. fols. 26v - 27)
French Illumination in the Late Middle Ages (October 15 to December 29, 1991)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), October 15 to December 29, 1991, (Cat. fols. 26v - 27)
Ludwigslust: Die Sammlung Irene und Peter Ludwig (June 19 to October 10, 1993)
  • Germanisches Nationalmuseum, (Nuremberg), June 19 to October 10, 1993, (Cat. fols. 27v - 28 and 134v - 135)
The Cult of Saints in the Middle Ages and Renaissance (October 26, 1993 to January 9, 1994)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), October 26, 1993 to January 9, 1994, (Cat. fols. 195v - 196)
Fouquet's Century: Transformations in French Painting, 1415-1530 (April 26 to July 10, 1994)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), April 26 to July 10, 1994, (Cat. fols. 26v - 27)
Ars et Ingenium: The Illuminator's Craft and Genius (July 26 to October 9, 1994)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), July 26 to October 9, 1994, (Cat. fols. 146v - 147)
The International Style: Courtly Art Around the Year 1400 (October 24, 1994 to January 8, 1995)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), October 25, 1994 to January 8, 1995, (Cat. fols. 22v - 23)
The Crucifixion in Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts (January 30 to April 7, 1996)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), January 30 to April 7, 1996, (Cat. fols. 26v - 27)
The Queen of the Angels (August 15 to November 5, 2000)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), August 15 to November 5, 2000, (Cat. fols. 18v - 19)
Ritual Splendor: Illuminated Liturgical Manuscripts (February 20 to May 6, 2001)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), February 20 to May 6, 2001, (Cat. fols. 181v - 182)
A Treasury of Fifteenth Century Manuscript Illumination (March 26 to June 16, 2002)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), March 26 to June 16, 2002, (Cat. fols. 136v - 137)
The Medieval Best Seller: Illuminated Books of Hours (October 29, 2002 to January 19, 2003)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), October 29, 2002 to January 19, 2003, (Cat. fols. 8v - 9)
Transforming Tradition: Ancient Motifs in Medieval Manuscripts (September 23 to November 30, 2003)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), September 23 to November 30, 2003, (Cat. fol. 186v - 187)
Fit for a King: Courtly Manuscripts, 1380-1450 (June 29 to August 29, 2004)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), June 29 to September 5, 2004, (Cat. fols. 18v - 19)
The Cult of Saints (April 25 to July 16, 2006)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), April 25 to July 16, 2006, (Cat. fols. 195v - 196)
The Gospels in Medieval Manuscript Illumination (October 31, 2006 to January 7, 2007)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), October 31, 2006 to January 7, 2007, (Cat. fol. 87v - 88)
French Manuscript Illumination in the Middle Ages (January 23 to April 15, 2007)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), January 23 to April 15, 2007, (Cat. fol. 26v - 27)
The Chimaera of Arezzo (July 16, 2009 to February 8, 2010)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Villa, (Malibu), July 16, 2009 to February 8, 2010, (Cat. fols. 191v - 192)
The Art of Devotion in the Middle Ages (August 28, 2012 to February 5, 2013)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), August 28, 2012 to February 5, 2013, (Cat. fols. 1v - 2; fols. 10v - 11)
Miracles and Martyrs: Saints in the Middle Ages (August 29, 2013 to March 2, 2014)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), August 29, 2013 to March 2, 2014, (Cat. fols. 193v - 194)
Bibliography

von Euw, Anton, and Joachim M. Plotzek. Die Handschriften der Sammlung Ludwig. 4 vols. (Cologne: Schnütgen-Museum, 1979-1985), vol. 2 (1982), pp. 92-102.

Eissenhauer, Michael, ed. Ludwigs Lust: Die Sammlung Irene und Peter Ludwig, exh. cat. (Nuremberg: Germanisches Nationalmuseum, 1993), cat. no. 100, pp. 132, 477, ills. (fols. 27r, 135r), entry by Regina Marth.

Lilly, Melinda. Knight. People of the Middle Ages (Vero Beach, FL: Rourke Publishing LLC, 2002), pp. 24-25, ill.

Iozzo, Mario, ed., et. al. The Chimaera of Arezzo (Firenze: Edizioni Polistampa, 2009), p. 20.

Black, Maggie. The Medieval Cookbook. Rev. ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2012), cover ill.