Open Content images tend to be large in file-size. To avoid potential data charges from your carrier, we recommend making sure your device is connected to a Wi-Fi network before downloading.
This image is available for download, without charge, under the Getty's Open Content Program.
Currently on view at: Not currently on view
Antonio da Monza (Italian, active about 1480 - 1505)
Rome, Lazio, Italy (Place created)
late 15th or early 16th century
Tempera colors, gold leaf, and ink on parchment bound between original wood boards covered with brown leather
Leaf: 64.3 x 43.5 cm (25 5/16 x 17 1/8 in.)
This gradual, measuring over two feet tall, contains the sung parts of the Mass. The large size was deliberate: it enabled a group of singers standing before it to read the notes and words. The saints invoked in the litany suggest that the gradual was made for the Franciscan church of Santa Maria in Aracoeli in Rome. The illuminator Antonio da Monza enlivened the border of the manuscript's most elaborate large page with luxurious small-scale decoration that encourages close examination. The antique motifs he used in the border reveal the profound influence of antiquities upon Renaissance artists. After artists rediscovered the Golden House built by the emperor Nero in Rome, and its Fourth Style wall painting, they adopted its grotesques and candelabra motifs.
Illuminated Liturgical Manuscripts (January 22 to March 30, 1986) (fols. 15v - 16)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), January 22 to March 30, 1986
The Decorated Letter (July 21 to October 6, 1987) (fols. 15v - 16)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), July 21 to October 6, 1987
Illuminated Italian Manuscripts (April 19 to July 10, 1988) (16; fols. 15v - 16)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), April 19 to July 10, 1988
The Decorated Letter (January 14 to March 29, 1992) (fols. 15v - 16)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), January 14 to March 29, 1992
The Painted Page: Italian Renaissance Book Illumination, 1450-1550 (February 15 to May 7, 1995) (126; fols. 15v - 16)
- Pierpont Morgan Library, (New York), February 15 to May 7, 1995
Illuminated Choir Books of the Middle Ages and Renaissance 1995 (April 25 to July 9, 1995) (4; fols. 15v - 16)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), April 25 to July 9, 1995
Out-of-Bounds: Marginal Imagery in Illuminated Manuscripts (April 7, 1998 to July 5, 1998) (fols. 15v - 16)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), April 7 to July 5, 1998
Italian Manuscript Illumination (May 9 to July 30, 2000) (fols. 15v - 16)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), May 9 to July 30, 2000
Ritual Splendor: Illuminated Liturgical Manuscripts (February 20 to May 6, 2001) (fols. 15v - 16)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), February 20 to May 6, 2001
Songs of Praise: Illuminated Choir Books (July 23 to October 13, 2002) (fols. 15v - 16)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), July 23 to October 13, 2002
Masterpieces in Miniature: Italian Manuscripts from the Middle Ages and Renaissance (March 29 to June 12, 2005) (fol. 15v - 16)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), March 29 to June 12, 2005
Masterpieces in Miniature: Italian Manuscript Illumination from the J. Paul Getty Museum (September 25, 2005 to January 2, 2006) (fols. 15v - 16)
- National Gallery of Art (Washington, D.C.), September 25, 2005 to January 2, 2006
Music for the Masses: Illuminated Choir Books (August 14 to October 28, 2007) (fols. 15v - 16)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), August 14 to October 28, 2007
Kraus, Hans P., ed. Monumenta Codicum Manu Scriptorum, exh. cat. (New York: H.P. Kraus, 1974), no. 42, pp. 106-7, 165.
Kraus, Hans P. In Retrospect: A Catalogue of 100 Outstanding Manuscripts sold in the last four decades by H. P Kraus (New York: H. P. Kraus, 1978), pp. 214-15, no. 86.
Brown, David Alan. "The London Madonna of the Rocks in the Light of Two Milanese Adaptations." In Collaboration in Italian Renaissance Art. Wendy Steadman Sheard and John T. Paoletti, eds. (New Haven: Yale University Press: 1978), pp. 167-77 (esp. p. 175 (n. 24) and p. 176 (n. 27).
Verdier, Philippe. Review of Die Handschriften der Sammlung Ludwig, by Anton von Euw and Joachim M. Plotzek. Speculum 60, no. 1 (January 1985), pp. 203-7 (esp. p. 205).
Rossi, Mariella, and Raffaele Casciaro. "Miniature rinascimentali inedite alla Biblioteca Braidense." In Rinascimento in miniatura dedicato a Stella Matalon. Quaderni di Brera 6 (Florence, 1990), pp. 13-39 (esp. p. 27).
Salierno, Vito. "Manoscritti Italiani Miniati nel J. Paul Getty Museum." L'Esopo 59 (1993), p. 55.
Casciaro, Raffaele. "Note su Antonio da Monza miniatore." Prospettiva 75/76 (1994), pp. 109-23 (esp. p. 115 and figs. 17-18).
Morello, Giovanni and Silvia Maddalo. Liturgia in figura: codici liturgici rinascimentali della Biblioteca apostolica vaticana (Vatican City: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, 1995), p. 256.
Alexander, Jonathan James Graham, ed. The Painted Page: Italian Renaissance Book Illumination, 1450-1550, exh. cat. (New York: The Pierpont Morgan Library, 1995), no. 126.
Faietti, Marzia, and Arnold Nesselrath. "'Bizar più che reverso di medaglia': Un codex avec grotesques, monstres et ornements du jeune Amico Aspertini." Revue de l'Art 107 (1995), pp. 44-88, esp. p. 74, 76, fig. 70.
Masterpieces of the J. Paul Getty Museum: Illuminated Manuscripts (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), pp. 112-13, entry by Elizabeth C. Teviotdale.
Backhouse, Janet. The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1998), pp. 222-23.
Baroffio, Giacomo, ed. Iter Liturgicum Italicum (Padua: CLEUP Editrice, 1999), p. 109.
Quattrini, Cristina. "'Fra' Antonio da Monza e il suo influsso in alcuni corali francescani lombardi." Arte Cristiana 88 (2000), pp. 19-28, 201-9.
Alexander, Jonathan James Graham. Studies in Italian Manuscript Illumination (London: Pindar Press, 2002), p. 276.
de Hamel, Christopher. Les Rothschild collectionneurs de manuscrits. Conférences Léopold Delisle (Paris: Bibliothèque nationale de France, 2004), no. 26.
Quattrini, Cristina. "Antonio da Monza." In Dizionario Biografico dei miniatori Italiani. Secoli IX - XVI. Milvia Bollati, ed. (Milano: Sylvestre Bonnard, 2004), pp.30-31.
Kren, Thomas, and Kurt Barstow. Italian Illuminated Manuscripts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2005), pp. vii, xvi-xvii, 72-73, ill.
Barstow, Kurt, and Thomas Kren. Masterpieces in Miniature: Italian Manuscript Illumination from the J. Paul Getty Museum (Washington: National Gallery of Art, 2005), unpaginated, no. 42, ill. cover ill.
Zamperini, Alessandra. Le Grottesche: Il sogno della pittura nella decorazione parietale (San Giovanni Lupatoto: Arsenale, 2007), pp. 118-19.
Murano, Antonella Putaturo, and Alessandra Perriccioli Saggese, eds. La miniatura in Italia: Dal tardogotico al manierismo (Napoli: Edizioni Scientifiche Italiane, 2009), p. 325.
Scott, Margaret. Fashion in the Middle Ages (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2011), pp. 100-1, fig. 75, ill.
Morgan, Nigel, Stella Panayotova, and Suzanne Reynolds. Illuminated Manuscripts in Cambridge: A Catalogue of Western Book Illumination in the Fitzwilliam Museum and the Cambridge Colleges. Pt. 2, Italy & the Iberian Peninsula (London: Harvey Miller, 2011) vol. 2, p. 192.