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Missal from the Collegium Ducale
Vienna, Austria (Place Created)
Tempera colors, gold leaf, and ink on parchment bound between wood boards covered with green velvet
Ms. Ludwig V 6 (83.MG.81)
Leaf: 41.9 × 31 cm (16 1/2 × 12 3/16 in.)
This large missal from the Collegium Ducale, or duke's school, in Vienna is an impressive example of luxury manuscript illumination in Austria in the 1400s. Historiated and decorated initials and one full-page miniature, all painted using a palette of yellow, blue, pink, and green, ornament the missal, which contains the texts of the Mass. In these images, elegantly robed figures gently sway before grounds enlivened with swirling gold patterns; delicate vinescrolls form arabesques in the margins. The overall effect is one of sophistication and refinement. Earlier manuscripts illuminated for members of the imperial court, then resident in Prague, influenced the artists working on this book.
Although scholars are uncertain whether the missal was commissioned for the college of theology of the University of Vienna, known as the Collegium Ducale, the missal was listed in the Collegium's inventory by 1508.
Jacques Rosenthal, German, 1854 - 1937
Paul Graupe, German, 1888 - 1953
Sir Alfred Chester Beatty, American, 1875 - 1968 [sold, Sotheby's, London, June 7, 1932, lot 22, to Michelmore]
Hans P. Kraus, Sr., American, born Austria, 1907 - 1988
German Illuminated Manuscripts (October 23, 1985 to January 5, 1986) (fols. 147v - 148)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), October 23, 1985 to January 5, 1986
The International Gothic Style (January 17 to April 1, 1989) (fols. 147v - 148)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), January 17 to April 1, 1989
Vie a mon desir: Illuminated Manuscripts and Their Patrons (April 18 to July 2, 1989) (fols. 6v - 7)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), April 18 to July 2, 1989
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- The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), October 17 to December 31, 1989
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- The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), July 21 to October 18, 1992
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- The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), October 24, 1994 to January 8, 1995
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- The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), July 21 to October 18, 1998
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- The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), February 20 to May 6, 2001
A Treasury of Fifteenth Century Manuscript Illumination (March 26 to June 16, 2002) (fols. 147v - 148)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), March 26 to June 16, 2002
Fit for a King: Courtly Manuscripts, 1380-1450 (June 29 to August 29, 2004) (fols. 147v - 148)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), June 29 to September 5, 2004
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- The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), February 24 to May 24, 2009
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