Missal from the Collegium Ducale

Object Details

Title:

Missal from the Collegium Ducale

Artist/Maker:

Master of the Kremnitz Stadtbuch (Austrian, active beginning early 1420s)
Master Michael (Austrian, active about 1420 until the mid-15th century)
Unknown

Culture:

Austrian

Place:

Vienna, Austria (Place created)

Date:

about 1420–1430

Medium:

Tempera colors, gold leaf, and ink on parchment bound between wood boards covered with green velvet

Object Number:

Ms. Ludwig V 6

Dimensions:

Leaf: 41.9 × 31 cm (16 1/2 × 12 3/16 in.)

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This large missal from the Collegium Ducale, or duke's school, in Vienna is an impressive example of luxury manuscript illumination in Austria in the 1400s. Historiated and decorated initials and one full-page miniature, all painted using a palette of yellow, blue, pink, and green, ornament the missal, which contains the texts of the Mass. In these images, elegantly robed figures gently sway before grounds enlivened with swirling gold patterns; delicate vinescrolls form arabesques in the margins. The overall effect is one of sophistication and refinement. Earlier manuscripts illuminated for members of the imperial court, then resident in Prague, influenced the artists working on this book.

Although scholars are uncertain whether the missal was commissioned for the college of theology of the University of Vienna, known as the Collegium Ducale, the missal was listed in the Collegium's inventory by 1508.

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Exhibitions
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Manuscripts and Americans: An Exhibition in Honor of Franklin D. Murphy (July 21 to October 18, 1992) (fols. 147v - 148)
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Bibliography

Millar, Eric George. The Library of A. Chester Beatty: A Descriptive Catalogue of the Western Manuscripts. 2 vols. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1927), appendix II, no. 81.

Kraus, Hans P. Catalogue 88: Fifty Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts (New York, 1958), no. 16.

Grosse Kunst des Mittelalters aus Privatbesitz, exh. cat. (Cologne: Schnütgen Museum, 1960), no. 109.

Grimme, Ernst Günther, ed. "Meisterwerke christlicher Kunst aus Aachener Kirchen-und Privatbesitz" In Aachen Kunstblätter: Herausgegeben im Auftrage des Vorstandes von Peter Ludwig 23(Aachen: Verlag des Aachener Museumvereins, 1961), pp.26-29, pp.26-29, ill.

Schmidt, Gerhard. "Die Buchmalerei." In Die Gotik in Niederösterreich: Kunst, Kultur und Geschichte eines Landes im Spätmittelalter (Vienna, 1963), pp. 93-114 (esp. p. 105).

Schmidt, Gerhard. "Neues Material zur österreichischen Buchmalerei der Spätgotik in slowakischen Handschriften." Österreichische Zeischrift für Kunst und Denkmalpflege 18 (1964), pp. 34-40 (esp. p. 37).

Kraus, Hans P. In Retrospect: A Catalogue of 100 Outstanding Manuscripts sold in the last four decades by H. P Kraus (New York: H. P. Kraus, 1978), no. 58.

Euw, Anton von, and Joachim M. Plotzek. Die Handschriften der Sammlung Ludwig. 4 vols. (Cologne: Schnütgen-Museum, 1979-1985), vol. 1 (1979), pp. 245-49.

Nordenfalk, Carl. Review of Die Handschriften der Sammlung Ludwig, by Anton von Euw and Joachim M. Plotzek. Kunstchronik 33, no. 2 (February 1980), pp. 53-67, esp. p. 66.

Legner, A., ed., Die Parler und der Schöne Stil: Europäische Kunst unter den Luxemburgern: Resultatband zur Ausstellung des Schnütgen-Museums in der Kunsthalle Köln (Cologne, 1980), p. 425, entry by Anton von Euw.

"Manuscript Acquisitions: The Ludwig Collection." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 12 (1984), p. 288.

Verdier, Philippe. Review of Die Handschriften der Sammlung Ludwig, by Anton von Euw and Joachim M. Plotzek. Speculum60, no. 1 (January 1985), pp. 203-7 (esp. p. 205).

Schmidt, Gerhard. "Anmerkungen zu dem Missale des Wiener 'Collegium Ducale'. " Wiener Jahrbuch für Kunstgeschichte 45 (1992), pp. 183-94, 309-314.

Masterpieces of the J. Paul Getty Museum: Illuminated Manuscripts (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), pp. 72-73, entry by Adam S.Cohen.

Takács, Imre, ed. Sigismundus rex et imperator: Kunst und Kultur zur Zeit Sigismunds von Luxemburg 1387-1437, exh. cat. (Budapest: Szépmuvészeti Múzeum, 2006), pp. 534, no. 11, fig.on p. 265.

Rischpler, Susanne. "Der Illuminator Michael." Codies Manuscripti, 1, 2009, no. 10, pp. 58-59.