The J. Paul Getty Museum

Sacramentary

Object Details

Title:

Sacramentary

Artist/Maker:

Unknown

Culture:

Ottonian

Place:

Fulda, Germany; Mainz, Germany (Place Created)

Date:

about 1025–1050

Medium:

Tempera colors, gold, and ink on parchment bound between oak boards covered with red silk, fitted with hammered and engraved silver and copper

Object Number:

Ms. Ludwig V 2 (83.MF.77)

Dimensions:

Leaf: 26.7 × 18.9 cm (10 1/2 × 7 7/16 in.)

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Object Description

Archbishop Bardo of Mainz probably gave this Ottonian sacramentary, containing the prayers recited during the Mass, to the church of Saint Aubin in Namur, Belgium, at its founding in 1046. Unlike most manuscripts that have survived from the Middle Ages, this particularly rare book still retains its medieval binding. The earliest parts of the binding date from a century after the book's manufacture, while other portions were added in the later Middle Ages. Its lavish embellishment and the use of precious metals such as gold and silver on the cover suggest that the manuscript was given special honor in the cathedral. There it was probably kept in the treasury and only used on special feast days.

The sacramentary opens with a rare cycle of six full-page miniatures from the New Testament preceding the main text. The style of the miniatures is at once imposing and lively, abstract and naturalistic. Reviving forms and motives from Roman classical art, the illuminators established a powerfully calm and majestic style.

Provenance
Provenance
-

Seminary of Saint Alban
Note: Inserted between the upper cover and the text block, but not bound in, is a late twelfth or early thirteenth century document, probably a copy of the original document of 1055, concerning relics given by the church of St. Albans in Mainz to the church of St. Albans in Namur when this church was dedicated.

c.1820 - 1952
1952

Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., sold to Martin Bodmer on the first day of Seligmann's Arenberg exhibition, 1952.

1952 - 1970

Martin Bodmer, Swiss, 1899 - 1971, sold to H. P. Kraus, June 1970.
Source: Kraus, H.P. A rare book saga. (New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1978), pp. 282-287.

1970 -

Hans P. Kraus, Sr., American, born Austria, 1907 - 1988
Source: Kraus, H. P. In Retrospect (New York, 1978), no. 11, pp. 32, 35.

by 1975 - 1983

Dr. Peter Ludwig, German, 1925 - 1996 and Irene Ludwig, German, 1927 - 2010, sold to J. Paul Getty Museum, 1983.

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts (July 1 to September 30, 1984) (fols. 21v-22)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), July 1 to September 30, 1984
Early Medieval and Romanesque Manuscripts (October 17 to December 30, 1984) (fols. 19v-20)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), October 17 to December 30, 1984
German Illuminated Manuscripts (October 23, 1985 to January 5, 1986) (fols. 20v-21)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), October 23, 1985 to January 5, 1986
Illuminated Liturgical Manuscripts (January 22 to March 30, 1986) (cover)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), January 22 to March 30, 1986
Monasteries and Manuscripts (April 21 to July 5, 1987) (fols. 18v-19)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), April 21 to July 5, 1987
The Decorated Letter (July 21 to October 6, 1987) (fols. 21v-22)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), July 21 to October 6, 1987
Early Medieval and Romanesque Manuscripts (January 19 to April 3, 1988) (fols. 19v-20)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), January 19 to April 3, 1988
Vie a mon desir: Illuminated Manuscripts and Their Patrons (April 18 to July 2, 1989) (cover)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), April 18 to July 2, 1989
Illuminated German and Central European Manuscripts (October 17 to December 31, 1989) (fols. 19v-20)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), October 17 to December 31, 1989
The Art of the Written Word: Medieval and Renaissance Calligraphy in Illuminated Manuscripts (January 16 to April 1, 1990) (fols. 21v-22)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), January 16 to April 1, 1990
The Apocalypse and Other Visions in Medieval Illuminated Manuscripts (April 16 to June 30, 1991) (fols. 21v-22)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), April 16 to June 30, 1991
Monasteries and Manuscripts (July 16 to September 29, 1991) (binding)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), July 16 to September 29, 1991
The Decorated Letter (January 14 to March 29, 1992) (fols. 21v-22)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), January 14 to March 29, 1992
Early Medieval and Romanesque Manuscripts (July 19 to October 10, 1993) (fols. 21v-22)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), July 19 to October 10, 1993
The Making of a Medieval Book (July 26, 1994 to February 12, 1995) (cover)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), July 26, 1994 to February 12, 1995
The Crucifixion in Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts (January 30 to April 7, 1996) (fols. 18v-19)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), January 30 to April 7, 1996
Masterpieces of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscript illumination (December 16, 1997 to March 22, 1998) (fols. 20v-21)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), December 16, 1997 to March 22, 1998
Ten Centuries of Manuscript Illumination in Germany and Central Europe (July 21 to October 18, 1998) (fols. 19v-20)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), July 21 to October 18, 1998
The Making of a Medieval Book (November 17, 1998 to May 30, 1999) (cover)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), November 17, 1998 to May 30, 1999
The Making of a Medieval Book (2000) (August 15 to November 5, 2000) (cover)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), August 15 to November 5, 2000
The Art of Giving in the Middle Ages (November 21, 2000 to February 4, 2001) (cover)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), November 21, 2000 to February 4, 2001
Ritual Splendor: Illuminated Liturgical Manuscripts (February 20 to May 6, 2001) (fols. 20v-21)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), February 20 to May 6, 2001
Artful Reading in Medieval and Renaissance Europe (December 18, 2001 to March 10, 2002) (fols. 21v-22)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), December 18, 2001 to March 10, 2002
The Making of a Medieval Book (2003) (May 20 to September 7, 2003) (cover)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), May 20 to September 7, 2003
Seeking Illumination: Monastic Manuscripts, 800 - 1200 (March 23 to June 13, 2004) (fols. 19v-20)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), March 23 to June 13, 2004
Byzantium and the West (September 14 to December 5, 2004) (fols. 18v-19)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), September 14 to December 5, 2004
Shrine and Shroud: Textiles in Illuminated Manuscripts (June 28 to October 2, 2005) (fols. 17v-18)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), June 28 to October 2, 2005
Landscape in the Renaissance (August 1 to October 15, 2006) (fols. 21v-22)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), August 1 to October 15, 2006
The Gospels in Medieval Manuscript Illumination (October 31, 2006 to January 7, 2007) (fols. 21v-22)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), October 31, 2006 to January 7, 2007
Imagining Christ (May 6 to July 27, 2008) (cover)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), May 6 to July 27, 2008
German and Central European Manuscript Illumination (February 24 to May 24, 2009) (fols. 21v-22)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), February 24 to May 24, 2009
Give and Ye Shall Receive: Gift Giving in the Middle Ages (December 12, 2014 to March 15, 2015) (cover)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), December 12, 2014 to March 15, 2015
Bibliography
Bibliography

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Böeckler, Albert. Schöne Handschriften aus dem Besitz der Preussichen Staatsbibliothek (Berlin, 1931), pp. 39-41.

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Illuminated Manuscripts (11th16thcentury) from the Bibliothèque of Their Highnesses the Dukes d'Arenberg (New York: Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc, 1952), pp. 6-9, ill.

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Swarzenski, Hans. "The Role of Copies in the Formation of the Styles of the Eleventh Century." Studies in Western Art, vol. I: Romanesque and Gothic Art. Acts of the Twentieth International Congress of the History of Art (Princeton, 1963), p. 18 and pl. VII.

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Kraus, Hans P. In Retrospect: A Catalogue of 100 Outstanding Manuscripts sold in the last four decades by H. P Kraus (New York: H. P. Kraus, 1978), no. 11, pp. 32-35.

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Avril, François, and Claudia Rabel. Manuscrits enluminés d'origine germanique I: Xe-XIVe siècle (Paris: Bibliothèque Nationale, 1995), pp. 79 and 103.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 4th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 64, ill.

Masterpieces of the J. Paul Getty Museum: Illuminated Manuscripts (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), pp. 18-20, entry by Elizabeth C. Teviotdale.

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