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Beauvais (probably), France (Place Created)
first quarter of 11th century
Tempera colors, gold, silver, and ink on parchment bound between pasteboard covered with greenish-brown morocco
Ms. Ludwig V 1 (83.MF.76)
Leaf: 23.2 × 17.9 cm (9 1/8 × 7 1/16 in.)
A sacramentary, the most important type of liturgical book used in the early medieval Church, contains the prayers recited by the priest at Mass. The book lay open on the church altar--the most sacred site within the building--where the priest celebrated the Mass while worshipers looked on. This Ottonian manuscript includes a full-page Crucifixion and beautiful illuminated initials executed in gold and silver ink. The quality of the decoration of this manuscript, of which only a fragment survives, suggests that it may have been made for the occasion of the consecration in 1017 of Hugh, the young son of Robert the Pious king of France, as Robert's co-ruler and successor. Since it includes prayers addressed to saints venerated at Beauvais, the book may have been presented by King Robert to the bishop of Beauvais, who was present at the consecration event. The writing and illumination have been attributed to Nivardus of Milan, who worked at the Benedictine monastery of Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire, at Fleury, France. In addition to the gold and silver letters, the manuscript is decorated with elaborate interlace ornament and sprays of leaves that recall classical and ninth-century Carolingian models.
Probably Beauvais Cathedral
possibly 1851 - 1903
Walter Sneyd, English, 1809 - 1888 [sold, A selected portion of the library of valuable and choice illuminated and other manuscripts and rare early printed books, Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge, London, December 16, 1903, lot 516, to Charles Fairfax Murray.]
1903 - 1906
Charles Fairfax Murray, 1849 - 1919, sold to C.W. Dyson Perrins, 1906.
1906 - 1960
Charles William Dyson Perrins, English, 1864 - 1958 [sold, The Dyson Perrins collection, Sotheby and Co., London, November 29, 1960, lot 97.]
Hans P. Kraus, Sr., American, born Austria, 1907 - 1988, sold to Peter and Irene Ludwig.
Source: Kraus, Hans P. In Retrospect: A Catalogue of 100 Outstanding Manuscripts sold in the last four decades by H. P Kraus (New York: H. P. Kraus, 1978).
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