The J. Paul Getty Museum

Leaves from a Gospel Lectionary

Object Details

Title:

Leaves from a Gospel Lectionary

Artist/Maker:

Unknown

Culture:

Carolingian

Place:

Rhine-Meuse (Place Created)

Date:

early 9th century

Medium:

Tempera colors and gold and silver paint on parchment; fols. 1 - 4 stained purple; disbound

Object Number:

Ms. Ludwig IV 1 (83.MD.73)

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Object Description

One hundred and eleven leaves survive from this Gospel lectionary, which is now kept in an unbound state for conservation reasons. A priest would have used a lectionary at Mass for the Gospel reading of the day. This manuscript is related to a group of works produced at the court of Charlemagne, the Holy Roman Emperor from 800 to 814. Charlemagne sought to revive and restore the glories of ancient Rome, including the tradition of producing extravagant and costly manuscripts such as this one.

Provenance
Provenance
- 1849

Jean-Baptiste Joseph Barrois, French, 1784 - 1855, sold to the Fourth Earl of Asburnham, 1849.

1878 - 1901

Estate of Bertram Ashburnham, 4th earl of Ashburnham, 1797 - 1878 [sold, The Ashburnham Library, Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge, London, June 10, 1901, lot 190, to Charles Fairfax Murray, p.69.]
Source: The Ashburnham Library: Catalogue of the portion of the famout Collection of Manuscripts the property of the Rt.Hon the Earl of Ashburnham known as The Barrois Collection.

1901 - 1906

Charles Fairfax Murray, 1849 - 1919, sold to C.W. Dyson Perrins, 1906.

1906 - 1958

Charles William Dyson Perrins, English, 1864 - 1958 [sold, The Dyson Perrins Collection Part 1, Sotheby & Co., December 9, 1958, lot 1]
Source: Notes from the 1958 Sotheby's catalogue for the sale of CW Dyson Perrins' collection, 1958: Les manuscrits de chrétien de troyes, place the manuscript in Malvern prior to the sale.

by 1961

Hans P. Kraus, Sr., American, born Austria, 1907 - 1988
Source: Catalogue 95 (Vaduz, 1961), no. 2

by 1965 - 1983

Dr. Peter Ludwig, German, 1925 - 1996 and Irene Ludwig, German, 1927 - 2010, sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1983.
Source: Karl der Grosse: Lebenswerk und Nachleben. Volume III, Karolingische Kunst, Eds Wolfgang Braunfels and Hermann Schnitzler (Düsseldorf: Verlag L. Schwann. 1965), p. 11.

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
Early Medieval and Romanesque Manuscripts (January 19 to April 3, 1988)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), January 19 to April 3, 1988
Bibliography
Bibliography

Holmes, John, ed. Catalogue of the Mss. at Ashburnham Place. Part the second, comprising a collection formed by Mr. J. Barrois (London, n.d. (1853-1861)), no. V.

Goldschmidt, Adolph. Die Elfenbeinskulpturen aus der Zeit der karolingischen und sächsischen Kaiser, VIII.-XI. Jahrhundert. 4 vols. (Berlin: Deutscher Verlag für Kunstwissenschaft, 1914-26), no. 94d.

Warner, George. Descriptive Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscripts in the Library of C. W. Dyson Perrins. 2 vols. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1920), vol. 1, pp. 73-74, under no. 22, pl. XXX.

Prete, Sesto. "A Manuscript from Charlemagne's Scriptorium." The Classical World 53 (1960), pp. 282-84.

Freeman, Ann. "Further Studies in the Libri Carolini." Speculum 40 (1965), p. 219.

Bischoff, Bernhard. "Die Hofbibliothek Karls des Grossen." In Karl der Grosse: Lebenswerk und Nachleben, vol. 2: Das Geistige Leben, Wolfgang Braunfels and Bernhard Bischoff , eds. (Düsseldorf, 1965), pp. 55 n. 47, 56 n. 55, 57. Reprinted in Bernhard Bischoff. Mittelalterliche Studien: Ausgewählte Aufsätze zur Schriftkunde und Literaturgeschichte. vol. 3 (Stuttgart, 1981), pp. 159, 161-162, n. 46, 55.

Fischer, Bonifatius. "Bibeltext und Bibelreform unter Karl dem Grossen." In Karl der Grosse: Lebenswerk und Nachleben, vol. 2: Das Geistige Leben. Wolfgang Braunfels and Bernhard Bischoff , eds. (Düsseldorf, 1965), pp. 165, 193.

Mütherich, Florentine. "Die Buchmalerei am Hofe Karls der Grossen." In Karl der Grosse: Lebenswerk und Nachleben, vol. 3: Karolingische Kunst. Wolfgang Braunfels and Hermann Schnitzler, eds. (Düsseldorf: Schwann, 1965), p. 11.

Karl der Grosse-Werk und Wirkung: Die Ausstellung im Rathaus zu Aachen und im Kreuzgang des Domes vom 26. Juni bis zum 19. September 1965, exh. cat. (Düsseldorf: Schwann, 1965), p. 257, no. 420.

Bischoff, Bernhard. "Eine karolingische Prachthandschrift in Aachener Privatbesitz." Aachener Kunstblätter 32 (1966), pp. 46-53.

Grimme, Ernst Günther. Führer durch das Suermondt Museum Aachen (Aachen, 1966), no. 73.

Grimme, Ernst Günther. "Fünf Jahre Neuzugänge der Aachener Museen." Aachener Kunstblätter 33 (1966), no. 46. pp. 84-85.

Grimme, Ernst Günther."Grosse Kunst aus Tausend Jahren: Kirchenschätze aus dem Bistum Aachen." Aachener Kunstblätter 36 (1968), pp. 1-335, pp. 46-47, no. 82.

Mütherich, F., "Die touronishe Bibel von St. Maximin in Trier," Kunsthistorische Forschungen Otto Pächt zu seinem 70. Geburtstag, eds. A. Rosenauer and G. Weber, (Munich, 1972), pp. 283-301, esp. p. 288.

Kraus, Hans P. In Retrospect: A Catalogue of 100 Outstanding Manuscripts sold in the last four decades by H. P Kraus (New York: H. P. Kraus, 1978), no. 5, pp. 16-17.

Euw, Anton von, and Joachim M. Plotzek. Die Handschriften der Sammlung Ludwig. 4 vols. (Cologne: Schnütgen-Museum, 1979-1985), vol. 1 (1979), pp. 203-5.

"Manuscript Acquisitions: The Ludwig Collection." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 12, 1984, p. 286.

Böhne, Winfried. "Ein neuer Zeuge stadtrömischer Liturgie aus der Mitte des 7. Jahrhunderts: Das Evangeliar Malibu, CA, USA, Paul Getty Museum, vormals Sammlung Ludwig, Katalog-Nr. IV 1." Archiv für Liturgiewissenschaft 27 (1985), pp. 35-69.

Ganz, David. "The Precondition for Caroline Minuscule." Medieval and Renaissance Studies 18 (1987), pp. 23-43.

Cohen, Adam S. "Devotion and Desire: Views of Women in the Middle Ages and Renaissance." Letter Arts Review 12, no. 4 (1996), pp. 30-35.

Baroffio, Giacomo, ed. Iter Liturgicum Italicum (Padua: CLEUP Editrice, 1999), p. 109.

Kren, Thomas. Illuminated Manuscripts of Germany and Central Europe in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2009), pp. 7-9, 31-33, 36-37.

Crivello, Fabrizio. "Opus eximium: Ein neues Buch für eine neue Kunst." In Das Godescalc-Evangelistar: Eine Prachthandschrift für Karl den Großen. Fabrizio Crivello, ed. (Munich: Faksimile Verlag, 2011), p. 14, fig. 3.

Turner, Nancy K. “Reflecting a Heavenly Light: Go and Other Metal in Medieval and Renaissance Manuscript Illumination.” In Manuscripts in the Making: Art & Science, 2:81–96. Harvey Miller Publishers, n.d, pp. 81-86.