Bible

Object Details

Title:

Bible

Artist/Maker(s):

Malnazar (Armenian, active about 1630s)

and Aghap'ir (Armenian, active about 1630s)

and Baghram

and Ep'rem

Culture:

Armenian

Place(s):

Isfahan, Persia (Place created)

Date:

1637 - 1638

Medium:

Tempera colors, gold paint, and gold leaf on parchment bound between original wood boards covered with reddish brown morocco

Dimensions:

Leaf: 25.2 x 18.3 cm (9 15/16 x 7 3/16 in.)

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This Bible was written and illuminated in the Armenian quarter of Isfahan, the capital of Persia (present-day Iran) in the 1600s. The artists Malnazar and Aghap'ir lavishly decorated this book with scenes from the Old Testament, such as the Creation of the World, and portraits of the four evangelists, Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. They also included a set of six elaborately decorated canon tables that help the reader to cross-reference the same story in more than one of the four Gospels. The artists framed each chart with an archway delicately adorned with fanciful animals, peacocks, roosters, plants, and, for the first canon table, a small portrait of Eusebius of Caesarea, who developed the canon tables in the 300s.

Related Works
Exhibitions
Treasures in Heaven (May 4 to October 23, 1994) (fols. 2v - 3 and 320v - 321)
  • Pierpont Morgan Library, (New York), May 4 to August 7, 1994
  • Walters Art Gallery, (Baltimore), August 28 to October 23, 1994
Book Arts of Isfahan: Diversity and Identity in 17th Century Persia (October 24, 1995 to January 14, 1996) (fols. 488v - 489)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), October 24, 1995 to January 14, 1996
The Armenian Gospels of Gladzor (September 11 to December 2, 2001) (fols. 490v - 491)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), September 11 to December 2, 2001
Byzantium and the West (September 14 to December 5, 2004) (fols. 511v - 512)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), September 14, 2004 to December 5, 2003
The Gospels in Medieval Manuscript Illumination (October 31, 2006 to January 7, 2007) (fol. 492v - 493)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), October 31, 2006 to January 7, 2007
Temptation and Salvation: The Psalms of King David (June 9 to August 16, 2009) (fols. 320v - 321)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), June 9 to August 16, 2009
Stories to Watch: Narrative in Medieval Manuscripts (February 22 to May 15, 2011) (fols. 2v - 3)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), February 22 to May 15, 2011
Fashion in the Middle Ages (May 31 to August 14, 2011) (fols. 320v - 321)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), May 31 to August 14, 2011
"In the Beginning was the Word": Medieval Gospel Illumination (August 30 to November 27, 2011) (fols. 495v - 496)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), August 30 to November 27, 2011