The J. Paul Getty Museum

Bible

Object Details

Title:

Bible

Artist/Maker:

Circle of Stefan Lochner (German, died 1451)

Culture:

German

Place:

Cologne, Germany (Place Created)

Date:

about 1450

Medium:

Gold leaf, tempera, and black ink on parchment bound between wood boards covered with original brown calf

Object Number:

Ms. Ludwig I 13 (83.MA.62)

Dimensions:

Leaf: 36.7 × 26 cm (14 7/16 × 10 1/4 in.)

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Object Description

455 folios + 3 flyleaves, 47 historiated initials

Provenance
Provenance
-

Cathedral Library (Cologne), transferred out probably through Ferdinand von Plettenberg, circa 1735/1740.

1735/1740 - 1833

Library of Schloss Nordkirchen, castle inherited by Count Franz Esterhazy-Galantha, 1833.

1833 - 1903

The Estate of Count Franz Esterhazy-Galantha, castle inherited by Duke Engelbert-Marie of Arenberg, 1903.

1903 - 1933

Duke Englebert-Marie of Arenberg, Belgian, 1875 - 1949, Castle was purchased by the Arenberg-Nordkirchen GmbH, it is not known if the manuscript remained in the possession of the castle or if Duke Englebert-Marie had it relocated after the acquisiton of the castle in 1933.

- 1960

August Laube and Eduard Lainio Laube, Estonian, born 1920, sold to Otto Schäfer, 1960.

1960 -

Otto Schäfer, German, 1912 - 2000

- 1983

Dr. Peter Ludwig, German, 1925 - 1996 and Irene Ludwig, German, 1927 - 2010, sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1983.

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
German Illuminated Manuscripts (October 23, 1985 to January 5, 1986) (fols. 2v - 3)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), October 23, 1985 to January 5, 1986
Monasteries and Manuscripts (April 21 to July 5, 1987) (fols. 115v - 116)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), April 21 to July 5, 1987
Illuminated German and Central European Manuscripts (October 17 to December 31, 1989) (fols. 394v - 395)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), October 17 to December 31, 1989
A Thousand Years of the Bible: Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts (January 15 to March 31, 1991) (fols. 39v - 40)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), January 15 to March 31, 1991
Stefan Lochner: Meister zu Koln / Herkunft-Werke-Wirkung (November 29, 1993 to March 2, 1994) (fols. 204v - 205)
  • Wallraf-Richartz-Museum - Fondation Corboud (Cologne), November 29, 1993 to March 2, 1994
Ten Centuries of Manuscript Illumination in Germany and Central Europe (July 21 to October 18, 1998) (fols. 394v - 395)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), July 21 to October 18, 1998
The Making of a Medieval Book (November 17, 1998 to May 30, 1999) (cover)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), November 17, 1998 to May 30, 1999
The Making of a Medieval Book (2000) (August 15 to November 5, 2000) (cover)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), August 15 to November 5, 2000
The Making of a Medieval Book (2003) (May 20 to September 7, 2003) (cover)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), May 20 to September 7, 2003
German and Central European Manuscript Illumination (February 24 to May 24, 2009) (fols. 174v - 175)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), February 24 to May 24, 2009
Temptation and Salvation: The Psalms of King David (June 9 to August 16, 2009) (fols. 125v - 126)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), June 9 to August 16, 2009
Kölns Glanz und Größe Meisterwerke von 1000 bis 1550 aus den großen Sammlungen der Welt (November 3, 2011 to February 26, 2012) (Fols. 375v - 376)
  • Museum Schnütgen (Cologne), November 3, 2011 to February 26, 2012
Touching the Past: The Hand in the Medieval Book (July 7 to September 27, 2015) (cover)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), July 7 to September 27, 2015
Outcasts: Prejudice and Persecution in the Medieval World (January 30 to April 8, 2018) (fols. 103v-104)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), January 30 to April 8, 2018
Art of Three Faiths: a Torah, a Bible, and a Qur’an (August 7, 2018 to February 3, 2019) (Fols. 375v-376 and Fols. 390v-391)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), August 7, 2018 to February 3, 2019
Bibliography
Bibliography

Ludorff, Albert. Die Bau- und Kunstdenkmäler des Kreises Lüdinghausen (Munster i.W., 1893), p. 72.

Bömer, Aloys. "Handschriftenschätze westfälischer Bibliotheken." Zentralblatt für Bibliothekswesen n. 26 (1909), p. 353.

Arnim, Manfred von.A Selection of Illuminated Manuscripts, Printed Books, and Bindings in the Otto Schäfer Collection, Schweinfurt, Deutschfeldstrasse 2, exh. cat. (Schweinfurt: The Collection, 1970), p. 6, no. 10.

Knaus, Hermann. "Rheinische Handschriften in Berlin." Archiv für Geschichte des Buchwesens (1971), pp. 1081-1120.

Knaus, Hermann. "Die Arenbergbibel. Lochner und die Windesheimer." Festschrift für Claus Nissen (Wiesbaden, 1973), pp. 423-50.

Knaus, Hermann. "Die Besitzungsgeschichte der Arenberg Bibel." Kölner Domblatt, no. 42 (1977), pp. 314-15.

Kraus, Hans P. In Retrospect: A Catalogue of 100 Outstanding Manuscripts sold in the last four decades by H. P Kraus (New York: H. P. Kraus, 1978), no. 63.

Euw, Anton von, and Joachim M. Plotzek. Die Handschriften der Sammlung Ludwig. 4 vols. (Cologne: Schnütgen-Museum, 1979-1985), vol. 1 (1979), pp. 117-23.

Lammers, Joseph, ed. Köln, Westfalen 1180-1980: Landesgeschichte zwischen Rhein und Weser, exh. cat. (Cologne: Kölnisches Stadtmuseum, 1980-1981), p.88, no. 282.

Berghaus, Peter, Siegfried Kessemeier, et al., eds. Köln, Westfalen 1180-1980: Landesgeschichte zwischen Rhein und Weser, exh. cat. (Münster: Westfälisches Landesmuseum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte, Landschaftsverband Westfalen-Lippe, 1981), p. 88, no. 282.

"Manuscript Acquisitions: The Ludwig Collection." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 12, 1984, p. 284.

König, Eberhard. "The history of art and the history of the book at the time of the transition from manuscript to print." In Bibliography and the Study of 15th Century Civilization. Lotte Hellinga and John Goldfish, eds. (London, 1987), pp. 154-84, esp. 172, 174, 176, 178, fig. 11.

A Thousand Years of the Bible: An Exhibition of Manuscripts from The J. Paul Getty Museum, Malibu [...], exh. cat. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum; Los Angeles: University of California, 1991), fig. 10.

Prap, Lila. Ce ne bomo brali, bo volk pojedel Rdeco kapico! Otroške knjige skozi cas in zgodovina Bralne znacke (Celje: Muzej novejše zgodovine, 2007), p. 5, ill.

Kren, Thomas. Illuminated Manuscripts of Germany and Central Europe in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2009), pp. 27, 31-33, 101-5.

McKay, John P, Bennett D. Hill, and John Buckler. A History of World Societies. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2011. Print, pp. 392-393.

Täube, Dagmar, Miriam Verena Fleck, eds. Glanz und Größe des Mitterlalters: Kölner Meisterwerke aus den großen Sammlungen der Welt, exh. cat. (Cologne: Museum Schnütgen; Munich: Hirmer Verlag GmbH, 2011), pp. 320-21, no. 72, ill, entry by Iris Metje.

Keiter, Ellen. "Leather: Ancient Craft to Contemporary Art." InWinfred Rembert: Amazing Grace, exh. cat. (Yonkers: Hudson River Museum, 2012), pp. 52-54, ill.