The J. Paul Getty Museum

A Wooded Landscape with Travelers on a Path through a Hamlet

Object Details

Title:

A Wooded Landscape with Travelers on a Path through a Hamlet

Artists/Makers:

Meindert Hobbema (Dutch, 1638 - 1709)

and Abraham Storck (Dutch, 1644 - 1708)

Culture:

Dutch

Date:

about 1665

Medium:

Oil on canvas

Object Number:

2002.17

Dimensions:

97.5 × 130.8 cm (38 3/8 × 51 1/2 in.)

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Object Description

A close look at this wooded landscape reveals two paths--one bathed in sunlight on the left, and one elevated and overcast in shadow on the right--occupied by a wide assortment of figures. Playful dogs, lumbering farm animals, and travelers on foot and horseback all crowd the meandering roads, lined with rosy brick cottages and gray wood barns. Powerful oak trees dominate the composition, casting the foreground into shadow, while a sun-drenched clearing in the distance draws the viewer into the scene.

In addition to the winding roads and animated figures, artist Meindert Hobbema, used thick applications of paint in combination with thin delineating brushstrokes to create a sense of energy and motion throughout the landscape. The lively, inventive view of nature and brooding palette of deep browns and grays in this painting are characteristic of Hobbema's landscapes; however, few of them are as cleverly organized and grandly executed as this wooded view.

Provenance
Provenance
by mid-1770s - 1792

John Stuart, third earl of Bute, 1713 - 1792 (Luton Park, Bedfordshire, England), by inheritance within the Stuart family, to his son, John Stuart, 1792.

1792 - 1814

John Stuart, first marquess of Bute and fourth earl of Bute, 1744 - 1814, by inheritance to his grandson, John Crichton-Stuart, 1814.

1814 - 1848

John Crichton-Stuart, second marquess of Bute and seventh earl of Dumfries, K.T., 1793 - 1848, by inheritance to his son, John Patrick Crichton-Stuart, 1848.

1848 - 1900

John Patrick Crichton-Stuart, third marquess of Bute, K.T., 1847 - 1900, by inheritance to his son, John Crichton-Stuart, 1900.

1900 - 1947

John Crichton-Stuart, fourth marquess of Bute, K.T., 1883 - 1947 (15 Mansfield St., London), by inheritance to his son, John Crichton-Stuart, 1947.

1947 - 1956

John Crichton-Stuart, fifth marquess of Bute, K.T., 1907 - 1956, by inheritance to his son, John Crichton-Stuart, 1956.

1956 - 1993

John Crichton-Stuart, sixth marquess of Bute, K.B.E., 1933 - 1993, upon his death, held in trust by the estate.

1993 - 1994

Estate of John Crichton-Stuart, sixth marquess of Bute, K.B.E., 1933 - 1993, sold by private treaty sale to Christie's, London, 1994.

1994 - 2001

Christie's (London) (London, England) [sold, Christie's, London, July 11, 2001, lot 37, to Richard Green Gallery.]

2001 - 2002

Richard Green Gallery (London, England), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 2002.

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
Exhibition of the Works of Ancient Masters 1847 (June 1847)
  • British Institution for Promoting the Fine Arts in the United Kingdom (London), 1847
Exhibition of the Work of Ancient Masters 1854 (June 1854)
  • British Institution for Promoting the Fine Arts in the United Kingdom (London), 1854
Exhibition of the Works of the Old Masters (1870)
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), 1870
Pictures Lent for Exhibition by the Marquis of Bute, K.T., Bethnal Green (1883)
  • Bethnal Green Branch Museum (London), 1883
Pictures Lent for Exhibition by the Marquess of Bute, K.T. (1884)
  • Unknown, 1884
Pictures Lent for Exhibition by the Marquess of Bute, K.T. (1885)
  • Queens Park Art Gallery (Manchester), 1885
  • City Art Gallery (Manchester), 1885
Dutch and Flemish Pictures from Scottish Collections (November 8 to December 8, 1978)
  • Thomas Agnew & Sons, Ltd. (London), November 8 to December 8, 1978
Sensation and Sensibility: Viewing Gainsborough's Cottage Door (October 6, 2005 to May 14, 2006)
  • Huntington Art Collections (San Marino), February 11 to May 14, 2006
Bibliography
Bibliography

Inventory of Luton Park [manuscript] (n.p.: n.p., 1799), pp. 206-7, no. 6.

List of the Pictures at Luton, as they were in January, 1800 [manuscript] (n.p.: n.p., 1800), no. 98.

Catalogue of Pictures of the Italian, Spanish, Flemish, and Dutch Schools, exh. cat. (London: Bulmer and Co., with British Institution for Promoting the Fine Arts in the United Kingdom, 1819), p. 14, no. 114.

Luton Hoo: Catalogue raisonné à l'usage des amateurs, 1822 (n.p.: n.p., 1822), no. 277.

An Account of All the Pictures Exhibited in the Rooms of the British Institution, from 1813 to 1823 [...] (London: Priestly and Weale, 1824), p. 206.

Smith, John. A Catalogue Raisonné of the Works of the Most Eminent Dutch, Flemish, and French Painters [...]. 9 vols. (London: Smith and Son, 1829-42), vol. 6 (1835), pp. 150-51, no. 103.

Catalogue of Pictures by Italian, Spanish, Flemish, Dutch, French, and English Masters, exh. cat. (London: William Nicol, with British Institution for Promoting the Fine Arts in the United Kingdom, 1847), p. 10, no. 60.

Catalogue of Pictures by Italian, Spanish, Flemish, Dutch, French, and English Masters […] June 1854, exh. cat. (London: William Nicol, with British Institution for Promoting the Fine Arts, 1854), p. 8, no. 43 (as Landscape, Hobbima, Marquess of Bute).

Waagen, Gustav Friedrich. Treasures of Art in Great Britian: Being an Account of the Chief Collections of Paintings, Drawings, Sculptures, Illuminated Mss., &c., &c. 3 vols. (London: John Murray, 1854), vol. 3, p. 481, under Hobbema no. 1.

Exhibition of the Works of the Old Masters, exh. cat. (London: William Clowers and Sons, with Royal Academy of Arts, 1870), p. 14, no. 19.

Richter, Jean Paul. Catalogue of the Collection of Paintings Lent for Exhibition by the Marquis of Bute, K.T., exh. cat. (London: George E. B. Eyre and William Spottiswoode, 1883), pp. 63-64, no. 213.

"The Marquis of Bute's Pictures at Bethnal Green (Second and Concluding Notice)." The Athenaeum, no. 2880 (January 6, 1883), p. 24.

Richter, Jean Paul. Catalogue of the Collection of Paintings Lent for Exhibition by the Marquess of Bute, K.T., exh. cat. (Glasgow: Robert Anderson, 1884), p. 77, no. 80.

Richter, Jean Paul. Catalogue of the Collection of Paintings Lent for Exhibition by the Marquess of Bute, K.T., exh. cat. (Manchester: Blacklock, 1885), p. 31, no. 105.

Cundall, Frank. The Landscape and Pastoral Painters of Holland: Ruisdael, Hobbema, Cuijp, Potter (London: S. Low, Marston, Searle & Rivington, 1891), p. 157.

Hofstede de Groot, Cornelis. Beschreibendes und kritisches Verzeichnis der Werke der hervorragendsten holländischen Maler des XVII. Jahrhunderts. 10 vols. (Esslingen a. N.: Paul Neff Verlag, 1907-28), vol. 4 (1911), p. 419, no. 137.

Hofstede de Groot, Cornelis. A Catalogue Raisonné of the Works of the Most Eminent Dutch Painters of the Seventeenth Century, Based on the Works of John Smith. Edward G. Hawke, ed. and trans. (London: Macmillan and Co., 1908-27), vol. 4 (1912), pp. 400-401, no. 137.

Dutch and Flemish Pictures from Scottish Collections: A Loan Exhibition in Aid of The National Trust for Scotland, exh. cat. (London: Thomas Agnew and Sons, Ltd., 1978), p. 62, no. 33, ill.

Morris, Susan. Art Without Borders: European Old Master Paintings 1600-1820 (London: Richard Green Galleries, 2002), pp. 108-9, 170-73, no. 38, ill., cover ill.

Allen, Denise, et al. Masterpieces of Painting in the J. Paul Getty Museum. Rev. ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, with Thames & Hudson, 2003), pp. 64-65, no. 34, ill., entry by Anne Woollett.

Russell, Francis. John, 3rd Earl of Bute: Patron and Collector (London: Merrion, 2004), p. 196, pl. 129.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 7th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2007), p. 110, ill.

Essay
Essay