The J. Paul Getty Museum

Christ in Majesty

Object Details


Christ in Majesty


Antoine de Lonhy (French, active about 1460 - about 1490)




Toulouse, France (Place Created)


about 1460


Tempera colors, gold leaf, and gold paint on parchment

Object Number:

Ms. 69 (2001.84), recto


Leaf: 34.5 × 25 cm (13 9/16 × 9 13/16 in.)

Credit Line:

Gift of the Emerson Family in honor of John S. Bonnell

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Object Description

Dressed in flowing robes of ocher and brilliant green, the monumental form of Christ dominates this leaf from a missal. The miniature prefaced the opening of the text for the Canon of the Mass, during which the priest prepares bread and wine for the Eucharist. The composition follows the traditional model for Christ in Majesty, with Christ seated on the arc of heaven and within a mandorla. He holds a chalice over which the host hovers, a reference to the celebration of the Eucharist. The stylized rays of light that emanate from Christ's form create a direct contrast to the subtle modeling of the folds of his robes and sensitively painted hands and face. The eagle, man, lion, and ox placed in the corners are symbols of the four evangelists, John, Matthew, Mark, and Luke, respectively. Each holds a scroll inscribed with the corresponding saint's name.

This leaf is one of the finest paintings by Antoine de Lonhy, who was active in the Savoy region of France in the 1400s. The leaf that faced it in the original manuscript depicts the Crucifixion and is now in Prague.

Quand la Peinture était dans les Livres (October 16, 1993 to January 30, 1994)
  • Bibliothèque nationale de France (Paris), October 16, 1993 to January 30, 1994
Fouquet's Century: Transformations in French Painting, 1415-1530 (April 26 to July 10, 1994)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), April 26 to July 10, 1994
A Treasury of Fifteenth Century Manuscript Illumination (March 26 to June 16, 2002)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), March 26 to June 16, 2002
French Manuscript Illumination in the Middle Ages (January 23 to April 15, 2007)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), January 23 to April 15, 2007
Rare Finds: Ten Years of Collecting Manuscripts (February 12 to April 20, 2008)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), February 12 to April 20, 2008
Imagining Christ (May 6 to July 27, 2008)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), May 6 to July 27, 2008