Saint Cyricus

Object Details

Title:

Saint Cyricus

Artist/Maker(s):

Francesco Laurana (Italian (Dalmatian), about 1420 - 1502)

Culture:

Italian

Place(s):

Italy (Place created)

Date:

about 1470 - 1480

Medium:

Marble

Dimensions:

48.3 x 38.7 x 21 cm (19 x 15 1/4 x 8 1/4 in.)

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In great sadness yet trusting in imminent salvation, a young child raises his eyes to heaven. The half-length figure rises from an oval plinth and grasps a palm and a laurel branch in one hand. Conventional signs of martyrdom and victory over death, the branches help identify the figure as the infant Saint Cyricus. In 304 this Roman toddler was martyred at the age of two and a half years, along with his mother Saint Julitta, a Christian who refused to pray to "false idols." According to legend, Saint Cyricus endured brutal tortures: sawing in half, flaying, and boiling in a cauldron. These episodes may have inspired both the unusual half-length form of this representation and the oval plinth, which recalls the shape of a cauldron. Francesco Laurana combined traditional symbols of sainthood such as the palm and laurel branches, specific references to the saint's life story, and a remarkable naturalism, making the work all the more moving by suggesting the horror of tortures perpetrated upon a helpless infant.

Provenance
1950s - 1995

Georges Saalman, died 1995 (Paris, France), by inheritance to his widow, Mrs. Georges Saalman.

1995 -

Mrs. Georges Saalman (Paris, France), placed on consignment at Sotheby's, London, 1995.

1996 -

The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles, California), acquired from Sotheby's, London by private treaty.

Bibliography

Fusco, Peter. "An Image of Saint Cyricus by Francesco Laurana." La scultura II: Studi in onore di Andrew S. Ciechanowiecki. Antologia di belle arti 52-55 (1996) p. 8-16.

Fusco, Peter. Summary Catalogue of European Sculpture in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 31, ill.

Bassett, Jane, and Peggy Fogelman. Looking at European Sculpture: A Guide to Technical Terms (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 98.

"Museum Acquisitions Between July 1, 1996, and June 30, 1998." The Report of the J. Paul Getty Trust, 1997-1998. p. 78.

Malgouyres, P., and Philippe Sénéchal, Peintures et sculptures d'Italie: Collections du XVe au XIXe siecle du Musée Calvet, Avignon (Avignon: Musée Calvet, 1998), p. 100.

"Museum Acquisitions." Report of the J. Paul Getty Trust, 1997-1998 (Los Angeles, 1998), p. 78.

Damianaki, C. The Female Portrait Busts of Francesco Laurana (Rome: Vecchiarelli, 2000), p. 5.

Kohl, Jeanette. "Morals, Males, and Mirrors. Some Thoughts on Busts of Boys in the Renaissance." In Desiderio da Settignano, Proceedings of a conference, Florence, May 9-12, 2007. Joseph Connors, ed. (Venice: Marsilio, 2011), p. 92, fig. 1.

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