Arles: View from the Wheatfields

Object Details

Title:

Arles: View from the Wheatfields

Artist/Maker:

Vincent van Gogh (Dutch, 1853 - 1890)

Culture:

Dutch

Place:

Arles, France (Place created)

Date:

1888

Medium:

Reed and quill pens and brown ink

Object Number:

2001.25

Dimensions:

31.2 × 24.1 cm (12 5/16 × 9 1/2 in.)

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Vincent van Gogh made this drawing in varied hues of golden brown ink as a study of a painting. The vertical composition, whereby forms grow smaller and denser as the eye moves up, leads the eye across the stubble of a newly cut wheat field framed by gathered stacks of wheat. In the center, a man scythes a section of the field while a woman bundles cut wheat under her arm. The background shifts to the cityscape of Arles, where churches and densely packed houses stretch across the horizon. A railroad train and factories churning smoke into the sky signal the dawn of the machine world and its effect on traditional ways of life.

This drawing embodies many of the characteristic features of van Gogh's work: remarkably varied graphic strokes, a subject matter that comments on the human condition, a golden glow that suggests the warm light of southern France, and a balanced yet dynamic composition.

Provenance
1888 - 1891

Theo van Gogh, Dutch, 1857 - 1891, sent by the artist in a letter dated August 8, 1888. At his death, by inheritance to his wife, Jo van Gogh-Bonger, 1891.

1891 - 1907

Johanna van Gogh-Bonger, Dutch, 1862 - 1925, sold to Paul Cassirer, 1907.

1907

Paul Cassirer, German, 1871 - 1926 (Berlin, Germany), sold to Gustav Engelbrecht, 1907.

1907

Gustav Engelbrecht, born 1848 (Hamburg, Germany), sold to Julius Freund, 1928.

1928-before 1943

Julius Freund, German, 1869 - 1941, probably sold to Robert von Hirsch.

by 1943 - 1978

Robert von Hirsch, German, 1883 - 1977 [sold, his sale, Sotheby's, London, June 27, 1978, lot 843.]

1978

J.B. Goulandris

by 1987

Thomas Gibson Fine Art, Ltd.

1991-2001

Heinz Berggruen, German, 1914 - 2007 [sold, Phillips Auctioneers, New York, May 7, 2001, lot 6 to the J. Paul Getty Museum.]

Exhibitions
Tentoonstelling Vincent van Gogh (1905)
  • Stedelijk Museum (Amsterdam), 1905
14. Ausstellung der Berliner Sezession, Zeichnende Künste (December 1907 to January 1908)
  • Kurfürstendamm (Berlin), December 1907 to January 1908
Vincent van Gogh (1914)
  • Paul Cassirer (Berlin), 1914
Vincent van Gogh (December 1927 to April 1928) (exhibited ex-catalogue)
  • Otto Wacker Art Gallery (Berlin), December 1927 to April 1928
  • Neue Galerie Vienna, December 1927 to April 1928
  • Kestner-Gesellschaft (Hannover), December 1927 to April 1928
Kunstwerke des 19. Jahrhunderts aus Basler Privatbesitz (1943 to 1944) (catalogue by G. Oeri)
  • Kunsthalle Basel, 1943
Vincent van Gogh: 25 Werke, Hollandhilfe (1945)
  • Galerie Shulthess (Basel), 1945
Vincent van Gogh (October 11 to November 23, 1947)
  • Kunsthalle Basel, October 11 to November 23, 1947
Van Gogh in Arles (October 18 to December 30, 1984) (catalogue by R. Pickvance)
  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York), October 18 to December 30, 1984
19th and 20th Century Masters and Selected Old Masters (June to July 1987) (pp. 46-47)
  • Thomas Gibson Fine Art, Ltd., June to July 1987
Van Gogh to Picasso: The Berggruen Collection at the National Gallery (1991 to 1996) ((catalogue by Richard Kendall et al.))
  • The National Gallery (London), 1991 to 1996
Picasso und seine Zeit: Die Sammlung Berggruen (1996 to 2001) (also pp. 34 and 304)
  • Nationalgalerie, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin - Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Berlin), 1996 to 2001
Van Gogh: Felder (October 19, 2002 to January 26, 2003) (Catalogue by D. Hansen et. al.)
  • Kunsthalle Bremen, October 19, 2002 to January 26, 2003
Van Gogh Drawings (July 1 to December 31, 2005) (catalogue by C. Ives et al.)
  • Van Gogh Museum (Amsterdam), July 1 to September 18, 2005
  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York), October 12 to December 31, 2005
Van Gogh's Sheaves of Wheat (October 22, 2006 to January 7, 2007) (catalogue by D. Kosinski et. al.)
  • Dallas Museum of Art (Dallas), October 22, 2006 to January 7, 2007
Defining Modernity: European Drawings 1800-1900 (June 5 to September 9, 2007)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), June 5 to September 9, 2007
Capturing Nature's Beauty: Three Centuries of French Landscapes (July 28 to November 1, 2009)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), July 28 to November 1, 2009
Expressionism in Germany and France: From Van Gogh to Kandinsky (February 7, 2014 to January 25, 2015)
  • Los Angeles County Museum of Art (Los Angeles), June 8 to September 14, 2014
Bibliography

Catalogus der tentoonstelling van schilderijen en teekeningen door Vincent van Gogh, exh. cat. (Amsterdam: Stedelijk Museum, 1905), p. 38, no. 374.

Vincent van Gogh: 30 Marz 1853-29 Juli 1890: zehnte Austellung, exh. cat. (Berlin: Paul Cassirer, 1914), unpaginated, no. 87a.

Vincent van Gogh: erste grosse Ausstellung seiner Zeichnungen und Aquerelle, exh. cat. (Berlin: Otto Wacker, 1927), unpaginated, no. 70.

Faille, J.-B. de la. L'Oeuvre de Vincent van Gogh: Catalogue raisonné. 4 vols. (Paris and Brussels: Les Éditions G. van Oest, 1928), vol. 3, no. F1492.

Faille, J.-B. de la. L'Oeuvre de Vincent van Gogh: Catalogue raisonné. 4 vols. (Paris and Brussels: Les Éditions G. van Oest, 1928), vol. 4, plate CCXII.

Vincent van Gogh, facsimiles from his drawings and watercolours (Munich: Hans con Marees-Gesellschaft, 1928), plate XI.

Kunstwerke des neunzehnten Jahrhunderts aus Basler Privatbesitz, exh. cat. (Basel: Kunsthalle, with Holbein Verlag, 1944), p. 87, no. 50, ill.

Zwei Ausstellungen aus Privatbesitz in der Schweiz: Meisterwerke Holländischer Malerei -- 25 Werke von Vincent van Gogh, exh. cat. (Basel: Galerie M. Schulthess, with K. Werner, 1945), p. 24, no. 31.

Vincent van Gogh, 1853-1890, exh. cat. (Basel: Kunsthalle Basel, 1947), p. 36, no. 161.

Gogh, Vincent van. The Complete Letters of Vincent van Gogh. 3 vols. (London: Thames and Hudson, 1958), vol. 3, pp. 3-6, no. 519.

Gogh, Vincent van. The Complete Letters of Vincent van Gogh. 3 vols. (London: Thames and Hudson, 1958), vol. 2, pp. 584-597 (letter 498).

Faille, J.-B. de la. The Works of Vincent van Gogh: His Paintings and Drawings (Amsterdam: Meulenhoff International, 1970), p. 520, no. F1492.

Lecaldano, Paolo. L'opera pittorica completa di Van Gogh e i suoi nessi grafici. Vol. 2, Da Arles a Auvers (Milan: Rizzoli, 1971), pp. 212-213, no. 565c.

Hulsker, Jan. The Complete Van Hogh: Paintings, Drawings, Sketches (Oxford: Phaidon, 1977), pp. 346, 354, no. 1544, ill.

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Walker, John A. Van Gogh studies: five critical essays (London: JAW Publications, 1981), p. 35, no. 40, ill.

Thomson, Belinda. The post-impressionists. (Oxford: Phaidon, 1983), pp. 160-2, no.161, ill.

Pickvance, Ronald. Van Gogh in Arles, exh. cat. (New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, with Harry N. Abrams, 1984), pp. 100, 146, cat. no. 82.

Bonafoux, Pascal. Van Gogh: le soleil en face (Paris: Gallimard, 1987), p. 82, ill.

Thomas Gibson Fine Art, Ltd, London. 19th & 20th Century Masters and Selected Old Masters, June-July 1987, pp. 46-47, ill.

Feilchenfeldt, Walter. Vincent van Gogh and Paul Cassirer, Berlin:The Reception of van Gogh in Germany from 1901-1914 (Zwolle: Waanders, 1988), p. 135, no. F1492, ill.

Erpel, Fritz. Vincent van Gogh: Die Rohrfederzeichnungen (Munich: Schirmer/Mosel 1990), p. 170, no. 87, ill.

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Faille, J.-B. de la. Vincent van Gogh: The Complete Works on Paper: catalogue raisonné. 2 vols. (San Francisco: Alan Wofsy Fine Arts, 1992), vol. 1, p. 148, no. 1492.

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Schuster, Peter Klaus. Picasso und seine Zeit: die Sammlung Berggruen, exh. cat. (Berlin: Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, with Ars Nicolai, 1996), pp. 34-35, 304, no. 2, ill.

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