The J. Paul Getty Museum

Still Life with Bowl of Citrons

Object Details


Still Life with Bowl of Citrons


Giovanna Garzoni (Italian, 1600 - 1670)




Italy (Place Created)


late 1640s


Tempera on vellum

Object Number:



27.6 × 35.6 cm (10 7/8 × 14 in.)

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Object Description

Robust citrons with their leafy branches still attached fill a worn ceramic bowl to overflowing in this meticulous still life. Giovanna Garzoni's acute observation of nature and refined handling of paint are evident in the carefully rendered citron skin, and in the wasp's delicate wings. With its central bowl of fruit, this painting is characteristic of Garzoni's style; a single flower or insect placed in front of the picture plane adds interest to the composition. Garzoni deliberately manipulated textures and shapes, contrasting the citrons' rough skin and rounded weightiness with the sharp-edged branches, the glistening, green leaves, and the delicate, star-like blossoms.

Scientific research and illustration were of great interest to those who participated in court life in the 1600s. As a result, paintings of natura sospesa, "nature suspended," were quite fashionable. Garzoni's skillful depictions of natural objects, usually fruits and insects arranged in pleasing ensembles, were among the paintings most coveted by wealthy patrons.

19th century - 2001

Private Collection (France), sold through Didier Aaron (London) Ltd. to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001.

Picturing the Natural World (June 17 to September 7, 2003)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), June 17 to September 7, 2003
Finding Form (December 12, 2017 to February 11, 2018)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), December 12, 2017 to February 11, 2018

L'Argus des Antiquites (March 2001), p. 8, ill.

Lefranc, Céline. "Le Phénomène Maastricht." Connaissance des Arts, no. 581 (March 2001), p. 109, ill.

L'Oeil (March 2001), p. 25, ill.

Laszlo, Pierre. Citrus: A History (Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2007), p. 161, pl. 8.

Garrard, Mary D. "The Not-So-Still Lifes of Giovanna Garzoni." In "The Immensity of the Universe" in the Art of Giovanna Garzoni, ed. Sheila Barker, exh. cat. (Florence: Gallerie degli Uffizi, with Sillabe, 2020), pp. 63-64, fig. 2.