Euclid

Object Details

Title:

Euclid

Artist/Maker(s):

Jusepe de Ribera (Spanish / Italian, 1591 - 1652)

Culture:

Spanish

Place(s):

Spain (Place created)

Date:

about 1630 - 1635

Medium:

Oil on canvas

Dimensions:

125.1 x 92.4 cm (49 1/4 x 36 3/8 in.)

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Emerging from deep shadows behind a table, a solemn individual stands displaying a well-worn book with various geometric figures, pseudo-Greek characters, and an imaginary script. Jusepe de Ribera paid considerable attention to the man's facial details, from the unkempt beard to the distinctive creases of his high forehead and the irregular folds of the lids above his dark, penetrating eyes. He depicted the wise man with tattered clothes and blackened, grimy fingers to emphasize the subject's devotion to intellectual, rather than material, pursuits.

The presence of mathematical diagrams in the illegible book reveal the figure's identity as Euclid, a prominent mathematician from antiquity, best known for his treatise on geometry, the Elements. Portraits of wise men were very popular in the 1600s, when there was a revived interest in ancient Greek and Roman philosophy. Rather than portraying the subject as a refined and noble figure, Ribera depicted him as an individual tried by a life of hardship, imbued with the force of a living personality.

Provenance
about 1630/1637

Possibly Fernando Enríquez Afán de Ribera, third duke of Alcalá and viceroy of Naples, 1583 - 1637 (Naples, Italy; Seville, Spain), by inheritance to his heirs.

1637 -

Possibly Heirs of Fernando Enríquez Afán de Ribera, third duke of Alcalá and viceroy of Naples, 1583 - 1637

after 1711

Possibly Luis de la Certa, ninth duke of Medinaceli

19th century - 2000

de Boischevalier Family (Tourraine, France) [sold, Drouot-Richelieu, Paris, June 19, 2000, lot 52a, to Art Fragments Ltd.]

2000 - 2001

Art Fragments Ltd. (Zürich, Switzerland), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001.

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