Maria Cristina di Borbone-Napoli, Queen of Sardinia, 1779 - 1849, by inheritance to her heirs.
Tommaso di Savoia, 1854 - 1931, by inheritance to his daughter, Maria Adelaide di Savoia, 1931.
Maria Adelaide di Savoia, Italian, 1904 - 1979
Vgs Parsi di Lodrone (near Venice, Italy)
Private Collection (Switzerland)
Kojiro Ishiguro, 1916 - 1992 (Tokyo, Japan)
Sogo Life K.K. (Japan)
Private Collection [sold, Antiquities, Christie's, New York, May 30, 1997, lot 174, to Robin Symes.]
1997 - 2001
Robin Symes, Limited, founded 1977, dissolved 2005 (London, England), by exchange with the J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001.
Provenance Remarks: Christie’s published the following provenance for the bull in the sale catalogue (May 30, 1997): “Said to have been found at Pompeii circa 1780-1790, and later in the collection of Maria Cristina di Savoia. Subsequently inherited by Tommaso di Savoia, and then his daughter Maria Adelaide di Savoia. Later in the collections of Vgs Parsi di Londrone, a Swiss private collector, and Sogo Life K.K.” This information derives only from a statement attributed to the previous owner, Mr. Kojiro Ishiguro of Mikazuki (1916-1992), and no further evidence has been found for the Pompeii findspot or the House of Savoy provenance. The Queen of Naples in the 1780s was Maria Carolina of Austria (1752-1814). Maria Cristina of Savoy (1812-1836) was only briefly Queen of the Two Sicilies from 1832-1836. The provenance statement quoted above may confuse Maria Cristina of Savoy with Maria Cristina di Borbone-Napoli (1779-1849), daughter of Maria Carolina of Austria and later a Savoy by marriage, since her titles and property passed directly to Carlo Alberto of Sardinia (1790-1849), the grandfather of Tommaso di Savoia (1854-1931).