The J. Paul Getty Museum

Funerary Relief of Maqi

Object Details

Title:

Funerary Relief of Maqi

Artist/Maker:

Unknown

Culture:

Palmyran

Place:

Palmyra, Syria (Place Created)

Date:

about A.D. 200

Medium:

Limestone

Object Number:

88.AA.50

Dimensions:

52.1 × 36.7 × 17.9 cm (20 1/2 × 14 7/16 × 7 1/16 in.)

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Object Description

The subject of the funerary stele is a frontally-facing, bearded man dressed in a tunic and himation (mantle). His left hand grasps a fold of the garment; his right arm is wrapped in the folds of his himation in a sling-like arrangement with only the hand visible. His hair is arranged in rows of tight snail curls and his beard is short and neat. Thin, incised eyebrows appear over large eyes with incised irises and pupils and exaggerated eyelids. Funerary monuments of this type—carved in white limestone and depicting figures with elaborate garments and elegant coiffures—survive in large numbers at Palmyra, an ancient caravan city in Syria. An Aramaic inscription on this relief to the right of the man’s head identifies him as Maqi, the son of M’ani. Traces of red pigment are preserved in the lettering. He may have been one of the many wealthy traders who lived in Palmyra.
 

Provenance
Provenance
by 1983

Safani Gallery (New York, New York)

-1986

Private Collection [sold, Egyptian, Greek, Etruscan, Roman and Western Asiatic Antiquities and Islamic Works of Art, Sotheby's, New York, November 24, 1986, lot. 40 to Nereo Fioratti.]

1986 - 1988

Nereo Fioratti, Italian, died 1999 (New York, New York), by exchange to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1988.

Bibliography
Bibliography

Safani Gallery, New York. The Art of Rome: an exhibition of sculpture, wall paintings, bronzes, jewelry, and glasses of the Roman period, Dec. 2, 1983-Jan. 14, 1984 (New York, 1983), p. 6.

Sotheby's, New York. Sale cat., November 24, 1986, lot no. 40.

"Acquisitions/1988." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 17 (1989), pp. 110-11, no. 13.

Hillers, Delbert R. and Eleonora Cussini. Palmyrene Aramaic Texts (Baltimore and London, The Johns Hopkins University Press: 1996), p. 314, cat. no. PAT 2714.

Terpak, Frances and Peter Louis Bonfitto. "Ancient Palmyra." In The Legacy of Ancient Palmyra (Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute, 2017) http://www.getty.edu/research/exhibitions_events/exhibitions/palmyra/ancient_palmyra.html (accessed May 30, 2017).