View of Saint Peter's (recto); Study of a Young Man (verso)

Object Details

Title:

View of Saint Peter's (recto); Study of a Young Man (verso)

Artist/Maker(s):

Federico Zuccaro (Italian, about 1541 - 1609)

Culture:

Italian

Date:

1603

Medium:

Red chalk (recto); Red and black chalk (verso)

Dimensions:

25.9 x 41.3 cm (10 3/16 x 16 1/4 in.)

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Using red chalk in a highly detailed manner, Federico Zuccaro depicted Saint Peter's Square in Rome as it appeared in 1603, with the Egyptian obelisk in place at the extreme left and the church dome complete. At the left, the archepiscopal palace adjoins the old facade of Saint Peter's basilica. In the center, the three-story benediction loggia begun by Pope Pius II in 1462 adjoins the loggia painted by Raphael, lightly sketched at the extreme right. The bastion for the papal guard protects the front of the Vatican entrance, and statues of saints Peter and Paul from the 1400s adorn the foot of the staircase.

On the verso, Zuccaro drew a young boy with great intimacy, using the same medium--black and red chalk--and the same delicacy of touch seen in his other late portrait studies. Zuccaro's use of color was innovative: scholars recognize him as the first Italian of his time to combine black with red chalk, a technique practiced earlier by Hans Holbein.

Exhibitions
Mannerism into Baroque: Drawings by the Zuccari from North American Collections (March 13 to April 29, 1990) (recto)
  • National Academy of Design Museum, (New York), March 13 to April 29, 1990
16-17th Century European Drawings (December 28, 1993 to March 13, 1994) (recto)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), December 28, 1993 to March 13, 1994
Portrait Drawings 1500 - 1900 (January 30 to May 12, 1996) (verso)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), January 30 to May 12, 1996
Red Chalk Drawings (March 16 to May 30, 1999) (recto)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), March 16 to May 30, 1999
Taddeo Zuccaro: An Artist's Life in Renaissance Rome (June 15 to August 29, 1999) (recto)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), June 15 to August 29, 1999
Taddeo and Federico Zuccaro: Artist-Brothers in Renaissance Rome (October 2, 2007 to January 6, 2008) (21; recto)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), October 2, 2007 to January 6, 2008