The J. Paul Getty Museum

Attic Red-Figure Dinoid Volute Krater and Stand

Object Details

Title:

Attic Red-Figure Dinoid Volute Krater and Stand

Artist/Maker:

Attributed to the Meleager Painter (Greek (Attic), active 420 - 380 B.C.)

Culture:

Greek (Attic)

Place:

Athens, Greece (Place Created)

Date:

390–380 B.C.

Medium:

Terracotta

Object Number:

87.AE.93

Dimensions:

78.7 × 40.6 cm (31 × 16 in.)

See more

See less

Object Description

On one side of the neck of this krater, Adonis reclines on a couch, with a diminutive figure of Eros perched before him with a dish of fruits. On either side are Aphrodite, the goddess of love, and Persephone, the queen of the underworld, with their female attendants. According to myth, Aphrodite fell in love with the beautiful Adonis. Shortly after, he was killed in a hunting accident. Aphrodite was so distraught that Zeus, the king of the gods, made Adonis immortal, allowing him to leave Hades, the underworld of the dead, for part of the year to be with Aphrodite. He always, however, had to return to Hades, where he was Persephone's lover. This cycle of death and rebirth was linked with the regeneration of vegetation and the crop seasons in ancient Greece. Originating in the Near East, the cult of Adonis was introduced to Athens in about 440 B.C.; its devotees were exclusively female.

The other side of the krater's neck shows a scene from a symposium, or drinking party, in which three male couples recline on couches. Running around the side of the stand, a scene of Dionysos reclining in the company of his entourage mirrors the scene with Adonis above. Depicted on the top of the stand is a hunt scene with both real and mythological animals.

Many aspects of this vessel, notably the ribbing on the surface of the bowl, and the ornate handles, are more typical of vases produced in South Italy than in Athens, perhaps indicating that it was made for export to that area. The potter’s skill is in no doubt, and is augmented by a rich array of decorative features. Added clay relief is used for the ivy pattern just below the mouth and the wreath of olive around the body, while many details are embellished with gilding, such as the tiny frontal female faces at the center of each handle. Small sculptural heads, their hair also embellished with gilding, emerge at the junction between the handles and the shoulder. At such a reduced scale, they offer only a cursory rendering of Black African youths, but their presence—suggestive of enslaved individuals, whose presence made possible a symposiast’s leisure (compare 83.AE.229) —added further allure to this extravagant vessel.

Provenance
Provenance
by 1986 -1987

Antike Kunst Palladion (Basel, Switzerland), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1987.

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
The Colors of Clay: Special Techniques in Athenian Vases (June 8 to September 4, 2006)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Villa (Malibu), June 8 to September 4, 2006
Aphrodite and the Gods of Love (March 28, 2012 to May 26, 2013)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Villa (Malibu), March 28 to July 9, 2012
Bibliography
Bibliography

"Acquisitions/1987." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 16 (1988), p. 143, no. 7.

Schleiffenbaum, Hannelore Eva. Der griechische Volutenkrater : Form, Funktion und Sinngehalt eines antiken Prunkgefa?sses (Frankfurt am Main, New York: P. Lang, 1991), p. 368-369, cat. no. V289a.

Burn, Lucilla. "A Dinoid Volute-Krater by the Meleager Painter: An Attic Vase in the South Italian Manner," Occasional papers on Antiquities, 7; Greek Vases in the J. Paul Getty Museum, vol. 5 (1991), pp. 107-130. Includes "Appendix: The Stem Reconstruction," by Lisbet Thoresen, pp. 123-128, figs. 1a-d, 5a-b, 7a-c, 10a-e.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 3rd ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1991), p. 49.

Schauenburg, Konrad. "Der Varresemaler in Kiel." Jahrbuch des Deutschen Archaeologischen Instituts 106 (1991), pp. 183-197, p. 187, n. 42 (without inv. no.).

Sparkes, Brian A. Greek Art. Greece and Rome: New Surveys in the Classics 22 (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1991), p. 48; fig. 22.

Vallera-Rickerson, I., and M. Korma. "Merika ellenika ekthemata tou Mouseiou Getty." Archaiologia 43 (1992), p. 86, fig. 12.

Soeldner, Magdalene. "Statuenbasen? Die 'flachen Basen' Motivgeschichte und Problematik eines Bildelements in der unteritalischen Vasenmalerei," Jahrbuch des Deutschen Archaeologischen Instituts 108 (1993). pp. 255-320, p. 282, n. 179.

Rückert, Birgit. Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. Deutschland 69, Tübingen 7 (Munich: C. H. Beck, 1997), p. 38.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 4th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 52.

Towne Markus, Elana. Masterpieces of the J. Paul Getty Museum: Antiquities. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 52.

Curti, Francesca. La bottega del Pittore di Meleagro (Rome: G. Bretschneider, 2001), pp. 24-26, 40-44, 60, 77-78, 83, 86-91, 107, no. 2.

Boardman, John. The History of Greek Vases (London: Thames and Hudson, 2001), p. 165; fig. 193.

Salapata, Gina. "Triphiletos Adonis: An Exceptional Pair of Terra-cotta Arulae from South Italy," Studia Varia from the J. Paul Getty Museum 2. Occasional Papers on Antiquities 10 (2001), pp. 25-50, p. 31; fig. 2.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 6th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), p. 52.

Barringer, Judith M. The Hunt in Ancient Greece (Baltimore and London: 2001), p. 68, no. 121.

Kathariou, Kleopatra. To Ergasterio tou Zographou tou Meleagrou kai e epoche tou (Thessoloniki, University Studio Press, 2002), pp. 7,8,9,34,36,73,75,76,77,92,213, 386 pin 4, 387 pin 5-6.

Allen, Katarzyna Hagemajer. "Becoming the 'Other': Attitudes and Practices at Attic Cemeteries." In The Cultures within Ancient Greek Culture. Carol Dougherty and Leslie Kurke, eds. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003), p. 230, fig. 29.

Spivey, Nigel and Squire, Michael. Panorama of the Classical World (Los Angeles: Getty Publications, 2004), p. 252-253, fig. 394.

Todisco, Luigi, "Un gruppo di vasi attici e il problema delle 'special commission' in Italia meridionale." in Pittura e ceramica figurata tra Grecia, Magna Grecia e Sicilia (Bari: La Biblioteca, 2006), 103-129, p.113, fig. 14. The article originally appeared in MEFRA 110.2 (1998).

Cohen, Beth, ed. The Colors of Clay: Special Techniques in Athenian Vases, exh. cat. (Los Angeles: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 2006), pp. 12-13, fig. 4 (detail), pp. 138-139, cat. no. 36, figs. 36.1-36.2.

Gaunt, Jasper. "The Attic Volute Krater." Phd. Diss. (NYU, 2006), 307, 615.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 7th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2007), p. 33, ill.

Barr-Sharrar, Beryl. The Derveni Krater: Masterpiece of Classical Greek Metalwork (Princeton: The American Schhol of Classical Studies at Athens, 2008), pp. 80-83, figs. 74a-b.

Taplin, Olver, and Wyles, Rosie. The Pronomos Vase and Its Context (New York: Oxford University Press, 2010), pp.171,238, figs.10.6,13.2, pp. 10, 19, 24.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Antiquities Collection. Rev. ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2010), pp. 76-77.

Lezzi-Hafter, Adrienne. "A Lazy Afternoon." In Approaching the Ancient Artifact. Representation, Narrative and Function. Edited by A. Avramidou and D. Demetriou (Berlin: de Gruyter, 2014), 336, footnote 8.

Biles, Z. and Thorn, J. "Rethinking Choregic Iconography in Apulia", in Csapo, E. et al. (eds.), Greek Theatre in the Fourth Century B.C. (Berlin/Boston: de Gruyter, 2014), 295-317, 309, fn. 75.

Salapata, Gina. "A Love Triangle in South Italian Vase-Painting", Meditarch 28/29 (2015/16), 93.

Heinemann, Alexander. Der Gott des Gelages. Berlin and Boston: de Gruyter, 2016, 624, fn. 201 (cat. no. 216).

Gaunt, Jasper. "Toward the Derveni krater: on the rarity of large bronze vessels of the Archaic and Classical periods bearing large figural registers." In Daehner, Jens M., Kenneth Lapatin, and Ambra Spinelli (eds). Artistry in Bronze: the Greeks and their Legacy. XIX International Congress on Ancient Bronzes (Los Angeles: Getty Publications, 2017), fig. 26.6.

Filser, Wolfgang. Die Elite Athens auf der attischen Luxuskeramik. Berlin/Munich/Boston: de Gruyter, 2017, 271-272, figs. 132a-c.

Tsiafakis, Despoina. Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. The J. Paul Getty Museum, Malibu, Fasc. 10 (USA fasc. 40). (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2019), pls. 564–73.