Apulian Red-Figure Loutrophoros

Object Details

Title:

Apulian Red-Figure Loutrophoros

Artist/Maker(s):

Attributed to Painter of Louvre MNB 1148 (Greek (Apulian), active 350 - 330 B.C.)

Culture:

Greek (South Italian, Apulian)

Place(s):

Apulia, South Italy (Place created)

Date:

about 330 B.C.

Medium:

Terracotta

Dimensions:

90.2 x 26 cm (35 1/2 x 10 1/4 in.)

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With elaborate scenes on both sides, this loutrophoros or ritual vase is characteristic of the work of vase painters in southern Italy around 330 B.C. The multilevel composition on one side shows successive moments in one of the god Zeus's many seductions of a mortal woman. At the bottom, Zeus in the form of a swan approaches Leda. Above, Zeus meets with Aphrodite, the goddess of love, presumably enlisting her help for the seduction. Both episodes are surrounded by personifications. The vase's other side displays a woman in a naiskos, a small open building, surrounded by attendants. Beginning in the 600s B.C., Greeks colonized parts of southern Italy and Sicily. From about 450 B.C., these colonists began producing their own fine, decorated pottery, which eclipsed the imported Athenian wares by the 300s B.C. This pottery, known as South Italian, grew directly out of Athenian shapes, style, and subject matter. The colonists quickly developed their own variations, inventing new shapes, finding their own styles, and depicting subjects not otherwise found in Greek art. Scholars divide South Italian pottery into regional schools of production, the largest of which is Apulian.

Provenance
- 1986

Fritz Bürki & Son (Zurich, Switzerland), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986.

Exhibitions
Beyond Beauty: Antiquities as Evidence (December 16, 1997 to January 17, 1999)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), December 16, 1997 to January 17, 1999
Ancient Art from the Permanent Collection (March 16, 1999 to May 23, 2004)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), March 16, 1999 to May 23, 2004
Aphrodite and the Gods of Love (March 28, 2012 to May 26, 2013)
  • Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, October 26, 2011 to February 20, 2012
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Villa, (Malibu), March 28 to July 9, 2012
Bibliography

Powell, Barry B. Classical Myth, 7e... Textbook and e-book slated for September 2013; more information forthcoming.

"Acquisitions/1986." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 15 (1987), pp. 163-64, no. 17.

Simon, Erika. "Eirene und Pax. Friedensgottinen in der Antike," Sitzingsberichte der Wissenshaftlichen Gesellschaft an der Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universitat, Frankfurt, 24,3 (1988), p. 68. pl. 7 (detail).

Schauenburg, Konrad. "Zur Grabsymbolik apulischen Vasen," Jahrbuch des Deutschen Archaeologischen Instituts 104 (1989), pp. 19-60. pp. 46-47; figs. 31-32.

Trendall, Arthur Dale. The Red-figured Vases of South Italy and Sicily. London and New York: Thames and Hudson, 1989. pp. 85-86; fig. 184.

Hofstetter, Eva. Sirenem im archaischen und klassischen Griechenland. Wurzburg: 1990. p. 268, ff. passim, no. W 45; pl. 29, 1.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 3rd ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1991), p. 53.

Jentoft-Nilsen, Marit R., and Arthur Dale Trendall. Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. The J. Paul Getty Museum 4 (USA 27). Malibu: 1991. pp. 6-9; fig. 3; pls. 186-188; 189, 3-5.

Kahil, Lily, and Noelle Icard-Gianolio. "Leda," Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae VI (1992), pp. 231-246. p. 233, no. 17; pls. 110, 111.

Trendall, Arthur Dale, and Alexander Cambitoglou. Second Supplement to The Red-figured Vases of Apulia (Supplement to the Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies of the University of London, 60). London: 1991-1992. pp. 180-81, no. 20/278-2.

Aellen, Christian. A la Recherche de l'Ordre Cosmique. Forme et Fonction des Personifications dans la Ceramique Italiote. Zurich: 1994. p. 212, cat. no. 85; pp. 21, 30, 94, 99, 104-5, 120, 130, 139-40, 142-43, 146, 150, 156-58, 182, 191-92; pls. 101-104.

Bazant, Jan. "Hypnos," Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae VIII (1997), pp. 643-645. p. 644, no. 2.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 4th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 55.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese. "Astrape," Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae VIII (1997), pp. 535-536. no. 5; pl. 349.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese. "Eniautos," Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae VIII (1997), p. 573. pl. 361.

Towne Markus, Elana. Masterpieces of the J. Paul Getty Museum: Antiquities. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997) pp. 72, 93.

Tsiafakis, Despoina. "Life and Death at the Hands of a Siren," Studia Varia from the J. Paul Getty Museum 2. Occasional Papers on Antiquities 10 (2001), pp. 7-24. p. 12; fig. 4.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 6th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), p. 55.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Antiquities Collection (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2002) p. 124.

Stafford, Emma. "Brother, Son, Friend, and Healer: Sleep the God." In Sleep. Thomas Wiedemann and Ken Dowden, eds. (Bari: Levante Editori, 2003) pp. 85-88, figs. 9a-9c.

Powell, Barry B. Classical Myth, fourth edition (New Jersey: Pearson Education Inc, 2004) pp. 515-516, fig. 19.2.

Parker, Robert. Polytheism and Saociety at Athens (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005) pp. 337, 339, fig. 26.

Powell, Barry B. Classical Myth, fifth edition (Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2007), p. 534, fig. 19.2.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 7th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2007), p. 36, ill.

Taplin, Oliver. Pots & Plays: Interactions between Tragedy and Greek Vase-Painting in the Fourth Century B.C. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2007) pp. 229-30, ills.

Kostouros, George. A Narrative of the Nemean Games (Nemea: George Kostouros, 2008) p. 332, fig. 416.

Powell, Barry B. Classical Myth (Madison: Pearson Longman, 2009) p. 509, fig.19.2.

Morard, Thomas. Horizontalité et Verticalité. Le bandeau humain et le bandeau divin chez le Peintre de Darius (Verlag Philipp von Zabern: Mainz am Rhein, 2009) cat. no. 49, pl. 40.

Stansbury-O'Donnell, Mark D. Looking at Greek Art (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010), pp.13, 32,43,129,179,213, figs.9,15,20,48,66,82.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Antiquities Collection. Rev. ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2010), p. 119.

Blamberger, Gunter and Boschung, Dietrich. Morphomata Kulturelle Figurationen: Genese, Dynamik und Medialitat (Munich: Wilhelm Fink, 2011), p. 59, 208-209, 211, 216, figs. 5-7,9,12. p. 216 also features an image of the vessel.

Related Media
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    Audio: Apulian Red-Figure Loutrophoros
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    Audio: Apulian Red-Figure Loutrophoros (Exhibit: APHRODITE)