Young Italian Woman at a Table

Object Details

Title:

Young Italian Woman at a Table

Artist/Maker(s):

Paul Cézanne (French, 1839 - 1906)

Culture:

French

Place(s):

France (Place created)

Date:

about 1895 - 1900

Medium:

Oil on canvas

Dimensions:

92.1 x 73.5 cm (36 1/4 x 28 15/16 in.)

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Leaning on a fabric-covered table and resting her head in her hand, this young woman looks out with an enigmatic expression. Since the Renaissance, artists have used this pose to portray melancholy. The pose, combined with her hauntingly unreadable face, gives a human poignancy and psychological tension to the figure.

Juxtaposing bold, individual strokes of color, Paul Cézanne built up the woman's powerful physical presence and the space she occupies. As a twentieth-century painter and admirer of Cézanne observed, his later works, such as Young Italian Woman have "an enormous sense of volume, breathing, pulsating, expanding, contracting, through his use of colors." While the woman's form is convincing, the space behind and around her can appear contradictory and even confusing. How far away is the wall? Is the tabletop flat underneath the cloth? Does she sit or stand? These questions give tension and movement to an otherwise stable composition.

From the 1890s until the end of his life, Cézanne painted a number of these grand figure studies, usually relying upon local workers or residents for his models.

Provenance
about 1895/1900 - 1904

Paul Cézanne, French, 1839 - 1906, sold to Ambroise Vollard and Galerie Bernheim Jeune, 1904.

1904

Ambroise Vollard, 1867 - 1939 (Paris, France), purchased from the artist, 1904.

and Galerie Bernheim Jeune (Paris, France), purchased from the artist, 1904; bought out shares from Ambroise Vollard, 1904.

1904

Galerie Bernheim Jeune (Paris, France), by exchange with Auguste Pellerin for another Cézanne and cash, 1904.

1904 - 1912

Auguste Pellerin, 1852 - 1929, sold to Galerie Bernheim Jeune, 1912.

1912

Galerie Bernheim Jeune (Paris, France), sold to Ambroise Vollard, 1912.

1912 - 1928

Ambroise Vollard, 1867 - 1939, sold to Mrs. Harry Bakwin, 1928.

1928 - still in 1967

Mrs. Harry Bakwin (New York, New York)

and Dr. Harry Bakwin (New York, New York)

by 1977

Dr. William Rosenthal (New York, New York)

and Mrs. William Rosenthal (New York, New York), by inheritance to their heirs.

Heirs of Dr. William Rosenthal

and Mrs. William Rosenthal

Barbara Divver Fine Art (New York, New York)

- 1999

Private Collection, sold through Sotheby's, New York, to the J. Paul Getty Museum by private treaty sale, 1999.

Exhibitions
Portraits et figures de femmes: Ingres à Picasso (June 1 to June 30, 1928) (Cat. 30)
  • Galerie de la Renaissance, (Paris), June 1 to June 30, 1928
Cézanne, Gauguin, Seurat, Van Gogh (November 1929) (Cat. 8)
  • The Museum of Modern Art (New York), November to November, 1929
Cézanne (November 10 to December 10, 1934) (Cat. 28)
  • Pennsylvania Museum of Art, (Philadelphia), November 10 to December 10, 1934
Cézanne (May to October, 1936) (Cat. 100)
  • Musée de l'Orangerie, (Paris), May to October, 1936
Paul Cézanne: Exhibition of Paintings, Water-colors, Drawings and Prints (September 1 to October 4, 1937) (Cat. 34)
  • San Francisco Museum of Art, (San Francisco), September 1 to October 4, 1937
Cézanne: Centennial Exhibition, 1839-1939 (November 7 to December 2, 1939) (Cat. 18)
  • Marie Harriman Gallery, (New York), November 7 to December 2, 1939
Masterpieces of Art (May to October, 1940) (Cat. 348)
  • New York World's Fair, (Queens), May to October, 1940
Paintings from New York Private Collections (July 2 to September 22, 1946) (no cat. no.)
  • The Museum of Modern Art (New York), July 2 to September 22, 1946
A Loan Exhibition of Cézanne for the Benefit of the New York Infirmary (March 27 to April 26, 1947) (Cat. 61)
  • Wildenstein & Company, (New York), March 27 to April 26, 1947
Cézanne: Paintings, Watercolors & Drawings (February 7 to May 16, 1952) (Cat. 77)
  • The Art Institute of Chicago, February 7 to March 16, 1952
  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art, (New York), April 1 to May 16, 1952
An Exhibition of Paintings by Cézanne (August 20 to October 27, 1954) (Cat. 56)
  • Royal Scottish Academy, (Edinburgh), August 20 to September 18, 1954
  • Tate Britain, (London), September 29 to October 27, 1954
Paul Cézanne: 28 Malerier (November 13 to December 1, 1954) (Cat. 24)
  • Kunstnerforbundet, (Oslo), November 13 to December 1, 1954
Paintings from Private Collections: A 25th Anniversary Exhibition of The Museum of Modern Art, New York (May 31 to September 5, 1955) (no cat. no.)
  • The Museum of Modern Art (New York), May 31 to September 5, 1955
Paul Cézanne, 1839-1906 (June to July, 1956) (Cat. 44)
  • Gemeentemuseum Den Haag, (The Hague), June to July, 1956
Exposition pour commémorer le cinquantenaire de la mort de Cézanne (July 21 to August 15, 1956) (Cat. 54)
  • Pavillon de Vendôme (Aix-en-Provence), July 21 to August 15, 1956
Paul Cézanne, 1839-1906 (August 22 to October 7, 1956) (Cat. 72)
  • Kunsthaus Zürich, (Zurich), August 22 to October 7, 1956
Paul Cézanne, 1839-1906 (October to November, 1956) (Cat. 57)
  • Haus der Kunst (Munich), October to November, 1956
Cézanne: Austellung zum Gedenken an sein 50. Todesjahr (December 1956 to January 1957) (Cat. 27)
  • Wallraf-Richartz-Museum - Fondation Corboud, (Cologne), December, 1956 to January, 1957
Collectors' Firsts (February 18 to March 1, 1959) (Cat. 33)
  • Atlanta Art Association Galleries, (Atlanta), February 18 to March 1, 1959
Masterpieces of Impressionist and Post-Impressionist Painting (April 25 to May 24, 1959) (no cat. no.)
  • National Gallery of Art (Washington, D.C.), April 25 to May 24, 1959
Cézanne: Loan Exhibition [...] for the Benefit of The National Organization of Mentally Ill Children (November 5 to December 5, 1959) (Cat. 45)
  • Wildenstein & Company, (New York), November 5 to December 5, 1959
Treasures in America (January 13 to March 5, 1961) (no cat. no.)
  • Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, (Richmond), January 13 to March 5, 1961
Masters of Seven Centuries: Paintings and Drawings from the 14th to 20th Century; Loan Exhibition for the Benefit of the Wellesley College Faculty Salary Advancement Fund (March 1 to March 31, 1962) (Cat. 34)
  • Wildenstein Galleries, (New York), March 1 to March 31, 1962
Cézanne and Structure in Modern Painting (June to August, 1963) (ex cat.)
  • Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, (New York), June to August, 1963
Olympia's Progeny (October 28 to November 27, 1965) (Cat. 74)
  • Wildenstein Galleries, (New York), October 28 to November 27, 1965
The Dr. and Mrs. Harry Bakwin Collection: An Exhibition of Paintings and Sculpture for the Benefit of The Association for Mentally Ill Children in Manhattan, Inc. (October 4 to November 4, 1967) (Cat. 7)
  • Wildenstein Galleries, (New York), October 4 to November 4, 1967
Cézanne: The Late Work (October 7, 1977 to March 19, 1978) (Cat. 7)
  • The Museum of Modern Art (New York), October 7, 1977 to January 3, 1978
  • Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, January 26 to March 19, 1978
One Century: Wellesley Families Collect; An Exhibition Celebrating the Centennial of Wellesley College (April 15 to May 30, 1978) (Cat. 15)
  • Wellesley College Museum, (Wellesley), April 15 to May 30, 1978
On Classic Ground: Picasso, Léger, de Chirico and the New Classicism, 1910 - 1930 (June 6 to September 2, 1990) (Cat. 29)
  • Tate Britain, (London), June 6 to September 2, 1990
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Paul Cézanne: 28 Malerier, exh. cat. (Oslo: Kunstnerforbundet, 1954), p. 15, no. 24, ill.

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Exposition pour commémorer le cinquantenaire de la mort de Cézanne, exh. cat. (Aix-en-Provence: Pavillon de Vendôme, 1956), unpaginated, no. 54, ill.

Paul Cézanne, 1839-1906, exh. cat. (Munich: Haus der Kunst, 1956), unpaginated, no. 57, ill.

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Masterpieces of Impressionist and Post-Impressionist Painting, exh. cat. (Washington, D.C.: National Gallery of Art, 1959), p. 31, ill.

Treasures in America, exh. cat. (Richmond: The Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, 1961), p. 84, ill.

Masters of Seven Centuries: Paintings and Drawings from the 14th to 20th Century; Loan Exhibition for the Benefit of the Wellesley College Faculty Salary Advancement Fund, exh. cat. (New York: Wildenstein, 1962), pp. 18, 40, no. 34, ill.

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