Sunrise (Marine)

Object Details


Sunrise (Marine)


Claude Monet (French, 1840 - 1926)




France (Place created)


March or April 1873


Oil on canvas


50.2 x 61 cm (19 3/4 x 24 in.)

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In the muted palette of the emerging dawn, Claude Monet portrayed the industrial port of Le Havre on the northern coast of France. The brilliant orange of the rising sun glimmers amid the damp air and dances on the gentle rippling water, lighting up its iridescent blues and greens. Barely discernible through a cool haze, pack boats on the left billow smoke from their stacks. Painted during the spring of 1873 as the country struggled to rebuild following the Franco-Prussian war, this Sunrise might also metaphorically suggest a new day dawning in France.

Sunrise exemplifies Monet's plein air, or "outdoor," approach to painting. The informal and spontaneous brushstrokes establish this picture as one of the first works, along with the famous Impression: Sunrise at the Marmottan Museum in Paris, in the Impressionist style that was to make him famous. The ephemeral play of light, water, and air would remain Monet's subject for the rest of his career.

1873 - 1875

Claude Monet, French, 1840 - 1926 (Giverny, France) [sold, Monet, Morisot, Renoir, and Sisley sale, Hôtel Drouot, Paris, March 24, 1875, lot 8, to Henri Rouart.]

1875 - 1912

Henri Rouart, 1833 - 1912 [sold, Rouart sale, Galerie Manzi-Joyant, Paris, December 9, 1912, lot 252, through Durand - Ruel & Cie (Paris, France) to René Stern.]

1912 -

René Stern (Paris, France), by inheritance within the Stern family.

Stern Family (Paris, France), by inheritance to Mme Darbois, née Stern.

Mme Darbois (Paris, France)

- 1998

Galerie Schmit (Paris, France), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1998.

Exposition des peintures impressionnistes (February 25 to March 29, 1904) (Cat. 92)
  • La Libre Esthétique, (Brussels), February 25 to March 29, 1904
(?) Ausstellung VIII. Jahrgang (1905) (Cat. 14)
  • Galerie Paul Cassirer, (Berlin), 1905
Monet (October 9, 1982 to January 30, 1983) (Cat. 8)
  • National Museum of Western Art (Tokyo), October 9 to November 28, 1982
  • National Museum of Modern Art (Kyoto), December 8, 1982 to January 30, 1983

Hôtel Drouot, Paris. Catalogue des tableaux et aquarelles par Claude Monet, Berthe Morisot, A. Renoir, A. Sisley. March 24, 1875 p. 8, lot 8.

Dayot, Armand. "À travers les collections parisiennes." L'art dans les deux mondes, no. 23 (April 25, 1891) p. 272.

Exposition des peintres impressionnistes, exh. cat. (Brussels: La Libre Esthétique, 1904) p. 39, no. 92.

Alexandre, Arsène. La collection Henri Rouart (Paris: Goupil & cie., with Manzi, Joyant & cie., 1912) p. 104.

Dalligny, Aug. "Collection Henri Rouart." Le journal des arts 34, no. 81 (November 30, 1912) p. 1.

Alexandre, Arsène. "La collection Henri Rouart." Les arts, no. 132 (December 1912) p. 28.

Galerie Manzi-Joyant, Paris. Catalogue des tableaux [...] composant la collection de feu M. Henri Rouart [...]. December 9-11, 1912 p. 133, lot 252.

"Revue des ventes. Collection Henri Rouart." Gazette de l'Hôtel Drouot 21, no. 132 (December 10, 1912) unpaginated, no. 252.

Maus, Madeleine Octave. Trente années de lutte pour l'art (Brussels: Librairie l'oiseau bleu, 1926) p. 323.

Rewald, John. The History of Impressionism. 3rd. ed. (New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 1961) pp. 316, 339n20, ill.

Bodelsen, Merete. "Early Impressionist Sales, 1874-94, in the Light of Some Unpublished 'Procès Verbaux.'" The Burlington Magazine 110, no. 783 (June 1968) pp. 335, 339.

Niculescu, Remus. "Georges de Bellio, l'ami des Impressionnistes (II)." Paragone 21, no. 249 (November 1970) pp. 62-63, under no. 68.

Rewald, John. The History of Impressionism. 4th ed. (New York: Museum of Modern Art, with New York Graphic Society, 1973) pp. 316, 318, 339n23, ill.

Wildenstein, Daniel. Claude Monet: Biographie et catalogue raisonné. 5 vols. (Lausanne and Paris: La bibliothèque des arts; Wildenstein Institute, 1974-1991) vol. 1 (1974), pp. 226-27, no. 262, ill.

Adhémar, Hélène, et al. Centenaire de l'Impressionnisme, exh. cat. (Paris: Grand Palais, 1974) pp. 150, 152, 154, under no. 28, entry by Anne Dayez.

Isaacson, Joel. Claude Monet: Observation and Reflection (Oxford: Phaidon, 1978) p. 204, under no. 39.

Daulte, François, et al. Monet, exh. cat. (Tokyo: National Museum of Western Art, 1982) unpaginated, no. 8, ill., entry by François Daulte.

Tucker, Paul. "The First Impressionist Exhibition and Monet's 'Impression, Sunrise': A Tale of Timing, Commerce and Patriotism." Art History 7, no. 4 (December 1984) pp. 470-71, pl. 33.

Wildenstein, Daniel. Monet, or the Triumph of Impressionism. 4 vols. (Paris: Wildenstein Institute, with Taschen, 1996) vol. 1, p. 103; vol. 2, p. 113, no. 262, ill.

Gustafson, Eleanor H. "Museum Accessions." The Magazine Antiques 156, no. 1 (July 1999) p. 34.

Brettell, Richard. Impression: Painting Quickly in France, 1860-1890, exh. cat. (Williamstown: Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, with Yale University Press, 2000) pp. 26n6, 126.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 6th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001) pp. 90, 139, ill.

Allen, Denise, et al. Masterpieces of Painting in the J. Paul Getty Museum. Rev. ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, with Thames & Hudson, 2003) pp. 96-97, no. 51, ill., cover ill., entry by Charlotte Eyerman.

House, John. "Tinted Steam: Turner and Impressionism." In Turner Whistler Monet, exh. cat. Katharine Lochnan et al. (Toronto: Art Gallery of Ontario, with Tate Publishing, 2004) pp. 40-41, fig. 21.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 7th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2007) p. 144, ill.

Rubin, James H. Impressionism and the Modern Landscape: Productivity, Technology, and Urbanization from Manet to Van Gogh (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2008) p. 62.

Cogeval, Guy, et al. Claude Monet, 1840-1926, exh. cat. (Paris: Galeries nationales du Grand Palais; Réunion des musées nationaux, 2010) p. 103n43, text by Anne Roquebert.

Lefebvre, Géraldine. "Impression, Soileil Levant dans le Port du Havre." In Impression Soleil Levant: l'histoire vraie du chef-d'oeuvre de Claude Monet (Paris: Musée Marmottan Monet, with Éditions Hazan, 2014) pp. 57, 68-69, fig. 11.

Olson, Donald W. "La datation d'Impression, Soleil Levant." In Impression Soleil Levant: l'histoire vraie du chef-d'oeuvre de Claude Monet (Paris: Musée Marmottan Monet, with Éditions Hazan, 2014) pp. 84, 95-96, fig. 2.

Education Resources

Education Resource




Prepositions and Monet

Lesson in which students examine two paintings by Claude Monet and write poetry using prepositional phrases.

Visual Arts; English–Language Arts


Single Class Lesson

Related Media
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    Audio: Sunrise