1962 - 1983
1983 - 1986
Mary S. Bareiss 1983 Trust, sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1983.
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Fragment of an Apulian Red-Figure Bell Krater
Black Fury Group (Greek (Apulian), active early 300s B.C.)
Greek (South Italian, Apulian)
Apulia, South Italy (Place Created)
about 375–350 B.C.
19 × 18.5 cm (7 1/2 × 7 5/16 in.)
This fragment of a bell‑krater made in Apulia in South Italy depicts Scylla, a monster who personified the terrors of the sea and was believed to live in the straits between Sicily and the toe of Italy. Feared for grabbing sailors from their ships and devouring them, Scylla was a hybrid creature, having a woman's upper body, a fishy lower body, and a ring of dogs' heads around her waist. It is difficult to determine the narrative context in which she appears here, although the dolphins at the lower edge make clear that Scylla is swimming in the sea, and she appears to hold a trident and a conch shell. Above her head, a section of a wing and a garment decorated with stars are visible. Just in front of Scylla, the chest and hooves of a bull are preserved. The vase could have depicted the myth of the rape of Europa, in which Zeus turns himself into a white bull and carried the princess off across the sea.
Bothmer, Dietrich von, and J. Bean. Greek Vases and Modern Drawings from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Walter Bareiss. Exh. checklist, The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: 1969, p. 8, no. 102.
Trendall, Arthur Dale and Cambitoglou, Alexander. The Red-figured Vases of Apulia, I (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978), p. 168, no. 7/26.
Schauenburg, Konrad. "Skylla oder Tritonin? Zu einer Gruppe canosinischer Askoi." Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archaeologischen Instituts, Roemische Abteilung 87 (1980), pp. 29-56, pl. 30, 1-2.
"Acquisitions/1986." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 15 (1987), pp. 160-61, no. 7.
Buitron, Diana, and Beth Cohen. The Odyssey and Ancient Art: An Epic in Word and Image. Exh. cat., Edith C. Blum Art Institute, Bard College. Anandale-on-Hudson, N.Y.: 1992, p. 137, ill. p. 33.
Andreae, Bernard, and Claudio Parisi Presicce, eds. Ulisse. Il mito e la memorie. Exh. cat., Palazzo delle Esposizioni, Rome, February 22-September 2, 1996. Rome: 1996, p. 149, cat. no. 2.61.
Cambitoglou, Alexander, and Jacques Chamay. Ceramique de Grande Grece. La collection de fragments Herbert A. Cahn. Exh. cat., Musee d'Art et d'Histoire, Geneva, March 26-September 7, 1997. Zurich: 1997, p. 92, n. 10.
Jentel, Marie-Odile. "Skylla I." In Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae VIII (1997), pp. 1137-1145, p. 1138, no. 7; pl. 784.
Walter-Karydi, Elena. "Skylla Bilder und Aspekte des Mischwesens," Jahrbuch des Deutschen Archaeologischen Instituts 112 (1997), pp. 165-189, pp. 172-73; fig. 6.
Gallazzi, Claudio, Barbel Kramer, and Salvatore Settis, eds. Il Papiro di Artemidoro (Milan: Edizioni Universitaire di Lettere Economia Diritto, 2008), p. 567, fig. 5.40.