Fragment of an Apulian Red-Figure Bell Krater

Object Details

Title:

Fragment of an Apulian Red-Figure Bell Krater

Artist/Maker(s):

Black Fury Group (Greek (Apulian), active early 300s B.C.)

Culture:

Greek (South Italian, Apulian)

Place(s):

Apulia, South Italy (Place created)

Date:

about 375 - 350 B.C.

Medium:

Terracotta

Dimensions:

19 x 18.5 cm (7 1/2 x 7 5/16 in.)

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Greek vases created in the colonies often illustrated themes of local interest. This fragment of a bell-krater made in Apulia in South Italy depicts Scylla, a monster who personified the terrors of the sea and was believed to live in the straits between Sicily and the toe of Italy. Scylla, who grabbed sailors off their ships and devoured them, was a hybrid creature, having a woman's upper body, a fishy lower body, and a ring of dogs' heads around her waist. The survival of only a small fragment makes it difficult to determine what is happening on this vase. The dolphins at the lower edge suggest that Scylla is swimming in the sea. Above her head, a section of a wing and a garment decorated with stars, which are part of another mythological figure, are visible. Just in front of Scylla, the chest and hooves of a bull are preserved. The vase may have depicted the myth of the rape of Europa, in which Zeus turns himself into a white bull and carries the princess off across the sea. This tale was very popular in the Greek colonies in Italy. Scylla may here have been just another creature populating the sea in such a scene.

Provenance
1962 - 1983

Walter Bareiss, American, born Germany, 1919 - 2007

and Molly Bareiss, American, 1920 - 2006 (Stamford, Connecticut), distributed to the Mary S. Bareiss 1983 Trust, 1983.

1983 - 1986

Mary S. Bareiss 1983 Trust, sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1983.

Exhibitions
Attic Red Figure Pottery (September 15, 1988 to January 15, 1989)
  • California State University, Long Beach Art Museum, (Long Beach), September 15, 1988 to January 15, 1989, (Cat.)
Ulisse (February 21 to September 2, 1996)
  • Palazzo delle Esposizioni, Comune di Roma, (Rome), February 21 to September 2, 1996, (Cat.)
SICILY: Art and Invention between Greece and Rome (April 3, 2013 to June 15, 2014)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Villa, (Malibu), April 3 to August 19, 2013, (Cat.)
  • The Cleveland Museum of Art, (Cleveland), September 29, 2013 to January 5, 2014, (Cat.)
Bibliography

Bothmer, Dietrich von, and J. Bean. Greek Vases and Modern Drawings from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Walter Bareiss. Exh. checklist, The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: 1969. p. 8, no. 102.

Trendall, Arthur Dale and Cambitoglou, Alexander. The Red-figured Vases of Apulia, I. Oxford: 1978. p. 168, no. 7/26.

Schauenburg, Konrad. "Skylla oder Tritonin? Zu einer Gruppe canosinischer Askoi," Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archaeologischen Instituts, Roemische Abteilung, 87 (1980), pp. 29-56. pl. 30, 1-2.

True, Marion, and Jiri Frel. Greek Vases. Molly and Walter Bareiss Collection. The J. Paul Getty Museum. Malibu: 1983. p. 84, no. 221; pp. 60-61, no. 44, fig. 44.

"Acquisitions/1986." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 15 (1987), pp. 160-61, no. 7.

Buitron, Diana, and Beth Cohen. The Odyssey and Ancient Art: An Epic in Word and Image. Exh. cat., Edith C. Blum Art Institute, Bard College. Anandale-on-Hudson, N.Y.: 1992. p. 137, ill. p. 33.

Jentoft-Nilsen, Marit R., and Arthur Dale Trendall. Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. The J. Paul Getty Museum 5 (USA 30). Malibu: 1994. pp. 22-23; pl. 268, 1.

Andreae, Bernard, and Claudio Parisi Presicce, eds. Ulisse. Il mito e la memorie. Exh. cat., Palazzo delle Esposizioni, Rome, February 22-September 2, 1996. Rome: 1996. p. 149, cat. no. 2.61.

Cambitoglou, Alexander, and Jacques Chamay. Ceramique de Grande Grece. La collection de fragments Herbert A. Cahn. Exh. cat., Musee d'Art et d'Histoire, Geneva, March 26-September 7, 1997. Zurich: 1997. p. 92, n. 10.

Jentel, Marie-Odile. "Skylla I," Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae VIII (1997), pp. 1137-1145. p. 1138, no. 7; pl. 784.

Walter-Karydi, Elena. "Skylla Bilder und Aspekte des Mischwesens," Jahrbuch des Deutschen Archaeologischen Instituts 112 (1997), pp. 165-189. pp. 172-73; fig. 6.

Gallazzi, Claudio and Barbel Kramer and Salvatore Settis, eds. Il Papiro di Artemidoro (Milan: Edizioni Universitaire di Lettere Economia Diritto, 2008), p. 567, fig. 5.40.