1962 - 1983
1983 - 1986
Mary S. Bareiss 1983 Trust, sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986.
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Currently on view at: Getty Villa, Gallery 104, Archaic and Classical Greece
Attic Red-Figure Bilingual Cup Type A
Athens, Greece (Place Created)
about 515 B.C.
13 × 41.5 × 32.4 cm (5 1/8 × 16 5/16 × 12 3/4 in.)
The running figure painted in the black-figure tondo of this cup has no distinguishing attributes to aid identification. He is nude, except for a mantle thrown over his left shoulder and right arm. Touches of added red, an old-fashioned motif used in black-figure and characteristic of Oltos, embellish alternate folds of the mantle, as well as sections of the man's hair and beard.
Both sides of the red-figure exterior are decorated with a pair of upright palmettes that frame a pair of eyes. Added red is used for the pupils, and the brows are rendered in red-figure. Between the eyes on side A, a youth walks to the left. He is entirely nude except for a purplish added-red wreath around his head. At the same point on side B is a stylized nose.
Bilingual vases began to be produced in Athens around 525 B.C. They combine the two primary Athenian vase-decoration techniques: the older technique of black-figure, and red-figure, the technique that would gain popularity and continue to be used through the fourth century B.C. On a black-figure vase, silhouettes in black gloss are contrasted against the red-orange clay of the vessel. On a red-figure vase, the forms come from the red-orange color of the clay, and the space around them is filled in with black gloss. The vase-painter Oltos specialized in the decoration of bilingual and red-figure cups. His name is known from vases, and like most of his late bilingual eye-cups, the black-figure tondo on this cup bears the inscription, "Memnon is fine."
Beazley, J. D. Attic Red-figure Vase-painters. 2nd ed. Oxford: 1963, pp. 1621, 1623, nos. 79, 20 bis.
Bothmer, Dietrich von. "Aspects of a Collection." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 27 (June 1969). pp. 424-436, p. 427; figs. 6 and 7.
Bothmer, Dietrich von, and J. Bean. Greek Vases and Modern Drawings from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Walter Bareiss. Exh. checklist, The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: 1969, p. 6, no. 70.
Matheson, Susan Burke, and J. Jerome Pollitt. Greek Vases at Yale, exh. cat. (New Haven: Yale University Art Gallery, 1975), pp. 44-45, no. 41, ill.
Cohen, Beth. Attic Bilingual Vases and Their Painters. New York and London: 1978, p. 385, cat. no. B 75; pl. 88.
"Acquisitions/1986." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 15 (1987), pp. 160-61, no. 7.
Beazley Addenda: Additional References to ABV, ARV2, and Paralipomena. 2nd ed. Compiled by T. Carpenter with T. Mannack and M. Mendonca. Oxford: 1989, pp. 159 and 164.
Harnecker, Joachim. Oltos: Untersuchungen zu Themenwahl und Stil eines fruehrotfigurigen Schalenmalers. Europaeische Hochschulschriften. Reihe 38, Archaeologie 18. Frankfurt: 1991, pp. 71, 226, no. 50.
Paleothodoros, Dimitri. Epictetos, Collection D'Etudes Classiques. (Louvain, Namur, Paris and Dudley, MA: Editions Peeters/Societe Des Etudes Classiques, 2004), vol.18, p. 10.
Green, Christopher, and Jens M. Daehner. Modern Antiquity: Picasso, de Chirico, Leger, and Picabia (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2011), 45, 152, no. 4; pl. 5.