Attic Red-Figure Skyphos

Object Details

Title:

Attic Red-Figure Skyphos

Artist/Maker:

Unknown

Culture:

Greek (Attic)

Place:

Athens, Greece (Place created)

Date:

460–450 B.C.

Medium:

Terracotta

Object Number:

86.AE.265

Dimensions:

15.3 × 27.5 × 17.9 cm (6 × 10 13/16 × 7 1/16 in.)

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An unusual scene drawn from daily life decorates this red-figure skyphos or drinking cup. On the front, an older woman with unattractive features and a double chin drinks from a skyphos. The servant girl behind her balances a full wineskin and carries a jug. The back of the cup shows a storeroom full of household items. At the left, a stand with lion's-paw feet supports a skyphos and various wine-serving utensils--a ladle, a sieve, and an oinochoe--hang from its hooks. In the center of the room, a cooking pot and grill hang from the wall. Chests and large wine vessels complete the scene. The two sides of the skyphos present a scenario in which the woman has just left the storeroom and is getting drunk. Well-bred Athenian women led very constrained lives. Literary sources indicate that drinking was forbidden for young wives for fear they commit adultery or harm their children. The ban was lifted once the woman was past child-bearing age, as with the woman shown here. This skyphos was meant to entertain a reveler at an all-male symposium or drinking party.

Provenance
-1967

Private Collection [sold, Auktion 34, Munzen und Medaillen, A.G., Basel, May 6, 1967, lot 169, to Walter and Molly Bareiss.]

1967 - 1983

Walter Bareiss, American, born Germany, 1919 - 2007

-

and Molly Bareiss, American, 1920 - 2006, distributed to the Mary S. Bareiss 1983 Trust, 1983.

1983 - 1986

Mary S. Bareiss 1983 Trust, sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986.

Exhibitions
Greek Vases and Modern Drawings from the Collection of Mr. & Mrs. Walter Bareiss (June 13 to October 5, 1969)
  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York), June 13 to October 5, 1969
Coming of Age in Ancient Greece: Images of Childhood from the Classical Past (August 23, 2003 to December 5, 2004)
  • Hood Museum of Art (Hanover), August 23 to December 14, 2003
  • Onassis Cultural Center (New York), January 20 to April 15, 2004
  • Cincinnati Art Museum (Cincinnati), May 21 to August 1, 2004
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), September 14 to December 5, 2004
Bibliography

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"Art Across the U.S.A.: Outstanding Exhibitions." Apollo 90 (October 1969), p. 345-6, fig. 5, ill.

True, Marion, and Jiri Frel. Greek Vases: Molly and Walter Bareiss Collection (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1983), p. 55, no. 39, figs. 39a-b; p. 78, no. 138.

Ruehfel, Hilde. Kinderleben im klassischen Athen. Mainz: 1984, p. 74; fig. 34.

"Acquisitions/1986." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 15 (1987), pp. 160-61, no. 7.

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Hojer, Sabine. Troja (München: Knesebeck, 2008), pp. 32-33, ill.

Neils, Jenifer. The British Museum Concise Introduction Ancient Greece (London: British Museum, 2008), fig. 69, p. 79.

Matheson, Susan B. "Old Age in Athenian Vase-Painting" In Athenian Potters and Painters, vol. 2. John H. Oakley and Olga Palagia, eds. (Oxford: Oxbow Books, 2009), 192-200.

Lynch, Kathleen M. The Symposium in Context. Pottery from a Late Archaic House near the Athenian Agora. Hesperia Supplement 46 (The American School of Classical Studies at Athens: Princeton, 2011), p. 157.

Kelly Blazeby, Clare. "Women + Wine = Prostitute in Classical Athens?" In Greek Prostitutes in the Ancient Mediterranean, 800 BCE - 200 CE, edited by A. Glazebrook and M. M. Henry. Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press, 2011, , 92, fig. 4.3.

Topper, Kathryn. The Imagery of the Athenian Symposium. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012, 113, fig. 42.

Curtis, Robert I. A Cultural History of Food in Antiquity: Professional Cooking, Kitchens, and Service Work (New York: Berg Publishing, 2012), p.121, fig.6.3, Chapter 6, Volume 1 of 6, p. 121.

Topper, Kathryn. "Approaches to Reading Attic Vases", in A Companion to the Ancient World, edited by S. James and S. Dillon. (London: Blackwell, 2012), 149, fig.10.5.

Oakley, John H. The Greek Vase: Art of the Storyteller (Los Angeles: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 2013), pp. 112-113, figs. 11-12.

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