Attic Red-Figure Skyphos

Object Details

Title:

Attic Red-Figure Skyphos

Artist/Maker:

Unknown

Culture:

Greek (Attic)

Place:

Athens, Greece (Place created)

Date:

460–450 B.C.

Medium:

Terracotta

Object Number:

86.AE.265

Dimensions:

15.3 × 27.5 × 17.9 cm (6 × 10 13/16 × 7 1/16 in.)

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An unusual scene decorates both sides of this red-figure skyphos or drinking cup. On the front, an older woman stoops to drink from a large skyphos. The servant girl behind her balances a full wineskin on her head and carries a bowl and a jug. The reverse shows a storeroom full of household items. At the left, a stand with lion's-paw feet supports a skyphos and various wine-serving utensils--a ladle, a sieve, and an oinochoe--hang from its hooks. In the center of the room, a cooking pot and grill hang from the wall. Chests and large wine vessels complete the scene. The two sides of the skyphos suggest that the woman has just left the storeroom and is getting drunk. In the male-centered society of fifth century BC Athens, which celebrated group drinking at the symposium, a woman getting drunk at home alone defied standards of proper behavior.

Provenance
-1967

Private Collection [sold, Auktion 34, Munzen und Medaillen, A.G., Basel, May 6, 1967, lot 169, to Walter and Molly Bareiss.]

1967 - 1983

Walter Bareiss, American, born Germany, 1919 - 2007

-

and Molly Bareiss, American, 1920 - 2006, distributed to the Mary S. Bareiss 1983 Trust, 1983.

1983 - 1986

Mary S. Bareiss 1983 Trust, sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986.

Exhibitions
Greek Vases and Modern Drawings from the Collection of Mr. & Mrs. Walter Bareiss (June 13 to October 5, 1969)
  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York), June 13 to October 5, 1969
Coming of Age in Ancient Greece: Images of Childhood from the Classical Past (August 23, 2003 to December 5, 2004)
  • Hood Museum of Art (Hanover), August 23 to December 14, 2003
  • Onassis Cultural Center (New York), January 20 to April 15, 2004
  • Cincinnati Art Museum (Cincinnati), May 21 to August 1, 2004
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), September 14 to December 5, 2004
Bibliography

Munzen und Medaillen, Basel. Auktion 34, May 6, 1967, lot 169.

Bothmer, Dietrich von. "Aspects of a Collection." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 27 (June 1969). pp. 424-436, p. 427; fig. 15.

Bothmer, Dietrich von, and J. Bean. Greek Vases and Modern Drawings from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Walter Bareiss. Exh. checklist, The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: 1969, p. 5, no. 68.

"Art Across the U.S.A.: Outstanding Exhibitions." Apollo 90 (October 1969), p. 345-6, fig. 5, ill.

True, Marion, and Jiri Frel. Greek Vases: Molly and Walter Bareiss Collection (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1983), p. 55, no. 39, figs. 39a-b; p. 78, no. 138.

Ruehfel, Hilde. Kinderleben im klassischen Athen. Mainz: 1984, p. 74; fig. 34.

"Acquisitions/1986." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 15 (1987), pp. 160-61, no. 7.

Pfisterer-Haas, Susanne. Darstellungen alter Frauen in der griechischen Kunst. Europäische Hochschulschriften, Reihe 38, Archaeologie 21. (Frankfurt: P. Lang, 1989), p. 79, 143, cat. no. V 2.

Pfisterer-Haas, Susanne. "Ehrbare Frauen und der Wein," Kunst der Schale: Kultur des Trinkens. Eds., K. Verneisel and B. Kaeser. Munich: 1990. pp. 313-315, p. 314; figs. 53.2a-b.

Villanueva-Puig, Marie-Christine. Images de la vie quotidienne en Grece dans l'antiquite. Paris: 1992, p. 108, ill.

Villard, Laurence, and Francine Blonde. "Sur quelques vases de la Collection Hippocratique," Bulletin de Correspondance Hellenique 116 (1992), pp. 97-117, p. 109; p. 110, fig. 4 (without inventory number).

Reeder, Ellen D. Pandora. Women in Classical Greece. Walters Art Gallery, exh. cat. Baltimore: 1995, pp. 93-94, figs. 3-4.

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Lewis, Sian. "Slaves as Viewers and Users of Athenian Pottery," Hephaistos 16/17 (1998/1999), pp. 71-90, p. 86; fig. 5 (wrongly cited as 86.AE.256).

Schreiber, Toby. Athenian Vase Construction: A Potter's Analysis (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1999), pl. XXIII.

Scheibler, Ingeborg. "Attische Skyphoi fuer attische Feste," Antike Kunst 2000, pp. 17-43, p. 20, n. 20.

Oakley, John. "Some 'Other' Members of the Athenian Household: Maids and their Mistresses in Fifth-century Athenian Art." In Not the Classical Ideal: Athens and the Construction of the Other in Greek Art. Beth Cohen, ed. (Leiden: Brill, 2000), p. 241, fig. 9.8.

Neils, Jenifer and John H. Oakley, eds. Coming of Age in Ancient Greece: Images of Childhood from the Classical Past, exh. cat. (Hanover, NH: Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College), p. 258-59, no. 63.

Kugler, Anthony R. "Child Slaves." Dig 6, no. 4 (April 2004), p. 27.

Schmidt, Stefan. Rhetorische Bilder aud attischen Vasen: Visuelle Kommunikation im 5. Jahrhundert v. Chr. (Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag, 2005), p. 165, abb. 79, n. 35.

Bonfante, Larissa. "Advertising their own wares". in Edward Herring et al. (eds.), Across frontiers : Etruscans, Greeks, Phoenicians and Cypriots (London : Accordia Research Insititute, 2006), 383-387, fig. 1.

Johnston, Alan. Trademarks on Greek Vases: Addenda. (Warminster: Aris & Phillips, 2006), p.113, type 3E, 48a.

Reading Greek: Text and Vocabulary, 2nd edition (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007), pp. xxv, 209.

Hojer, Sabine. Troja (München: Knesebeck, 2008), pp. 32-33, ill.

Neils, Jenifer. The British Museum Concise Introduction Ancient Greece (London: British Museum, 2008), fig. 69, p. 79.

Matheson, Susan B. "Old Age in Athenian Vase-Painting" In Athenian Potters and Painters, vol. 2. John H. Oakley and Olga Palagia, eds. (Oxford: Oxbow Books, 2009), 192-200.

Lynch, Kathleen M. The Symposium in Context. Pottery from a Late Archaic House near the Athenian Agora. Hesperia Supplement 46 (The American School of Classical Studies at Athens: Princeton, 2011), p. 157.

Kelly Blazeby, Clare. "Women + Wine = Prostitute in Classical Athens?" In Greek Prostitutes in the Ancient Mediterranean, 800 BCE - 200 CE, edited by A. Glazebrook and M. M. Henry. Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press, 2011, , 92, fig. 4.3.

Topper, Kathryn. The Imagery of the Athenian Symposium. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012, 113, fig. 42.

Curtis, Robert I. A Cultural History of Food in Antiquity: Professional Cooking, Kitchens, and Service Work (New York: Berg Publishing, 2012), p.121, fig.6.3, Chapter 6, Volume 1 of 6, p. 121.

Topper, Kathryn. "Approaches to Reading Attic Vases", in A Companion to the Ancient World, edited by S. James and S. Dillon. (London: Blackwell, 2012), 149, fig.10.5.

Oakley, John H. The Greek Vase: Art of the Storyteller (Los Angeles: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 2013), pp. 112-113, figs. 11-12.

Smith, Amy C. "Looking Inside on the Outside of a Pot." In Houses of Ill Repute: The Archaeology of Brothels, Houses, and Taverns in the Greek World. Glazebrook, Allison, and Barbara Tsakirgis, eds. (Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2016), pp. 150-2, figs. 7.6, 7.7, ill.

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