Attic Red-Figure Oinochoe, Shape 3 (Chous)

Object Details

Title:

Attic Red-Figure Oinochoe, Shape 3 (Chous)

Artist/Maker:

Attributed to Oionokles Painter (Greek (Attic), active about 470 B.C.)

Culture:

Greek (Attic)

Place:

Athens, Greece (Place created)

Date:

about 470 B.C.

Medium:

Terracotta

Object Number:

86.AE.237

Dimensions:

23 × 18.6 cm (9 1/16 × 7 5/16 in.)

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With his head tilted back, his mouth open as if singing, and his arms thrown out in dramatic gesturing, the man on this vase shows the effects of a long night of drinking. He appears unaware of his surroundings or even his full bladder. Luckily, a servant-boy is there, anticipating his master's needs. The boy stands patiently carrying his master's belongings--a walking stick and a basket covered with a cloth--and holds out a jug for him to urinate into. Many Greek vases were designed for use at symposia, or drinking parties. Vase-painters frequently depicted the physical effects of indulgence, from over-stretched bladders to upset stomachs. Since symposia were aristocratic events, faithful servants often appear, shepherding the revelers through their difficulties.

The decoration on this vessel is particularly appropriate. This special form of oinochoe, called a chous, was used during the Anthesteria, a three-day religious festival in honor of Dionysos, the god of wine. A drinking contest was held on the second day of the festival, and choes were used to hold a standard amount of wine for the contest.

Provenance
- 1964

Andre Emmerich Gallery, sold to Walter and Molly Bareiss, 1964.

1964 - 1983

Walter Bareiss, American, born Germany, 1919 - 2007

-

and Molly Bareiss, American, 1920 - 2006, distributed to the Mary S. Bareiss 1983 Trust, 1983.

1983 - 1986

Mary S. Bareiss 1983 Trust

Exhibitions
Masterpieces of Greek Vase Painting: 7th to 5th century B.C. (April 22 to May 30 1964)
  • Andre Emmerich Gallery (New York), April 22 to May 30, 1964
Weltkunst aus Privatbesitz (May 18 to August 4, 1968)
  • Kunsthalle Köln (Cologne), May 18 to August 4, 1968
Greek Vases and Modern Drawings from the Collection of Mr. & Mrs. Walter Bareiss (June 13 to October 5, 1969) (p. 5, no. 59.)
  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York), June 13 to October 5, 1969
Coming of Age in Ancient Greece: Images of Childhood from the Classical Past (August 23, 2003 to December 5, 2004)
  • Hood Museum of Art (Hanover), August 23 to December 14, 2003
  • Cincinnati Art Museum (Cincinnati), May 21 to August 1, 2004
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), September 14 to December 5, 2004
Bibliography

André Emmerich Gallery. Masterpieces of Greek Vase Painting: 7th to 5th century B.C., exh. cat. (New York: André Emmerich Gallery, April-March 1964), no. 30, ill.

May, Helmut, ed. Weltkunst aus Privatbesitz, exh. cat. (Cologne: Druckerei J. P. Bachem, 1968), cat. no. A 35.

Bothmer, Dietrich von, and J. Bean. Greek Vases and Modern Drawings from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Walter Bareiss. Exh. checklist, The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: 1969, p. 5, no. 59.

Schauenburg, Konrad. "Seilenos ouron." Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archaeologischen Instituts, Roemische Abteilung 81 (1975), pp. 313-316, p. 314, n. 5.

Mayo, Margaret E., and Kenneth Hamma, eds. The Art of South Italy : vases from Magna Graecia : an exhibition, exh. cat. (Richmond : Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, 1982), p. 103.

True, Marion, and Jiri Frel. Greek Vases: Molly and Walter Bareiss Collection (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1983), p. 54, no. 38, fig. 38; p. 77, no. 119.

Knauer, Elfriede. "A Chous by the Oionokles Painter, " Greek Vases in the J. Paul Getty Museum 3. Occasional Papers on Antiquities 2 (1986), pp. 91-100, figs. a-g.

"Acquisitions/1986." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 15 (1987), pp. 160-61, no. 7.

Serbeti, Eleftheria D. "The Oionokles Painter," Boreas 12 (1989), pp. 19, 23, and 29.

Hamilton, R. Choes and Anthesteria. Athenian Iconography and Ritual. Ann Arbor: 1992, p. 207, Appendix 3.

Kilmer, Martin F. Greek Erotica on Red-figure Vases. (London: Duckworth & Co. Ltd., 1993), pp. 60, 63, cat. R1186.

Sparkes, Brian A. The Red and the Black. Studies in Greek Pottery. London and New York: 1996, pp. 86-88; fig. III:18.

Neer, Richard T. Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. The J. Paul Getty Museum 7 (USA 32). Malibu: 1997, pp. 41-42, no. 38; fig. 16; pl. 365.

Schaefer, Alfred. Unterhaltung beim griechischen Symposion. Mainz: P. von Zabern, 1997, p. 27, 3.

Schreiber, Toby. Athenian Vase Construction: A Potter's Analysis (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1999), pl. XVII; fig. 23.24.

Clark, Andrew J. and Jasper Gaunt with Benedicte Gilman. Essays in Honour of Dietrich von Bothmer (Amsterdam: Allard Pierson Museum, 2002), pl. 22.a.

Cohen, Beth and Shapiro, Alan "The Use and Abuse of Greek Vases", in Clark, Andrew J. and Gaunt, Jasper with Gilman, Benedicte. Essays in Honour of Dietrich von Bothmer. Amsterdam, 2002. p.83-90.

Neils, Jenifer and John H. Oakley, eds. Coming of Age in Ancient Greece: Images of Childhood from the Classical Past, exh. cat. (Hanover, NH: Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College), p. 261-62, no. 66.

Spivey, Nigel and Squire, Michael. Panorama of the Classical World (Los Angeles: Getty Publications, 2004), p. 255, fig. 402.

Paleothodoros, Dimitri. Epictetos, Collection D'Etudes Classiques. (Louvain, Namur, Paris and Dudley, MA: Editions Peeters/Societe Des Etudes Classiques, 2004), vol.18, p. 100.

Schmidt, Stefan. Rhetorische Bilder aud attischen Vasen: Visuelle Kommunikation im 5. Jahrhundert v. Chr. (Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag, 2005), p9.169-170, abb. 84, n. 48.

J.C. McKeown. Grece, un cabinet de curiosities, Contes etranges et faits surprenants du berceau de la civilisation occidentale. (Paris: Editions Bibliomane, 2014), p. 269.

Hunt, Peter. Ancient Greek and Roman Slavery (Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell, 2018), p. 144, fig. 9.1.