1962 - 1983
1983 - 1986
Mary S. Bareiss 1983 Trust, sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986.
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Currently on view at: Getty Villa, Gallery 104, Archaic and Classical Greece
Attic Black-Figure Eye Cup
Athens, Greece (Place Created)
12.9 × 39 × 30.2 cm (5 1/16 × 15 5/16 × 11 7/8 in.)
Scenes from the mythological battle between the Olympian gods and the Giants, the children of Earth, and Sky, part of an earlier generation of deities, decorate this black-figure cup. Between the large eyes on one side of the exterior a female figure battles with a giant. Wearing a nebris (animal skin), she should be Artemis, the goddess of the hunt. Under the handles, the hero Herakles, identified by his lionskin, takes on another Giant. The scene is duplicated at the other handle, and in each case, a diminutive figure whose identity is uncertain appears between the duelers. The other side of the cup depicts Athena, the Greek warrior-goddess. She strides to the right, as two opponents emerge from the brows of the large decorative eyes. One wears a soft cap and wields a bow, the other, with a helmet, brandishes a spear. The large staring eyes were a regular feature on Athenian cups at this time, transforming a drinking vessel into a mask. Here, the painter has playfully combined the decorative motif with the narrative imagery.
A winged female deity flies on the interior of the cup. Her identity remains uncertain. She may be Nike, the goddess of victory; Iris, the messenger of the gods; or, perhaps in this context, Eris, the personification of strife.
Bothmer, Dietrich von, and J. Bean. Greek Vases and Modern Drawings from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Walter Bareiss. Exh. checklist, The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: 1969, p. 3, no. 37.
"Acquisitions/1986." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 15 (1987), pp. 160-61, no. 7.
Jordan, J. A. "Attic Black-figured Eye-cups." Ph.D. diss. (New York University, 1988), pp. 24, no. C 17, and 25-26.
Lissarrague, François. L'Autre guerrier: archers, peltastes, cavaliers dans l'imagerie attique. Images à l'Appui, vol. 3. (Paris: La Découverte, 1990), pp. 285, 308, no. A530.
Steinhart, Matthias. Das Motiv des Auges in der griechischen Bildkunst. Mainz: Philip von Zabern, 1995, p. 15; pl. 26.
Tosto, Vincent. The Black-figure Pottery Signed NIKOSTHENES EPOIESEN. Amsterdam: 1999, p. 155, n. 698.
Green, Christopher, and Jens M. Daehner. Modern Antiquity: Picasso, de Chirico, Leger, and Picabia (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2011), 45, 152, no. 2; pl. 4 and back cover ill.