The J. Paul Getty Museum

The Entombment (recto); Partial Study of the Entombment (verso)

Object Details

Title:

The Entombment (recto); Partial Study of the Entombment (verso)

Artist/Maker:

Anthony van Dyck (Flemish, 1599 - 1641)

Culture:

Flemish

Date:

1617–1618

Medium:

Black chalk, pen and brown ink, brown and reddish wash, red and blue chalk, and white gouache heightening

Object Number:

85.GG.97

Dimensions:

25.4 × 21.9 cm (10 × 8 5/8 in.)

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Object Description

Both sides of this sheet show scenes of the Entombment, probably in preparation for a painting that does not survive or was never completed. Anthony van Dyck based his composition on a painting by Titian, which he knew from a copy by Peter Paul Rubens. Van Dyck exchanged Titian's sweeping horizontal composition for a more tightly integrated, vertical format, allowing him to give greater prominence to the shrouded Virgin, who holds the arm of her dead son. The gracefully turning form of Saint John the Evangelist at the center links the two figures flanking Christ.

Van Dyck demonstrated his virtuosity by using a variety of techniques and media in his characteristically intense, heavily washed, and broadly drawn style. After sketching in black chalk, he drew the figures in pen and ink and went over much of the composition with strokes of dark brown wash. He also drew a rough framing line around the composition. The extremely fine pen lines left visible on Christ's torso lend it poignant beauty, while the wash adds drama and movement.

Provenance
Provenance
1723

Nicolaes Anthoni Flinck (L.959), Dutch, 1646 - 1723, sold to William Cavendish, second duke of Devonshire, 1723.

1723-1729

William Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Devonshire, English, 1673 - 1729 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his son William Cavendish, third duke of Devonshire, 1729.

1729-1755

William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire, English, 1698 - 1755 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his son William Cavendish, fourth duke of Devonshire, 1755.

1755-1764

William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire, 1720 - 1764 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his son William Cavendish, fifth duke of Devonshire, 1764.

1764-1811

William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire, 1748 - 1811 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his son William George Spencer Cavendish, sixth duke of Devonshire, 1811.

1811-1858

William George Spencer Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire, 1790 - 1858 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his cousin William Cavendish, seventh duke of Devonshire, 1858.

1858-1891

William Cavendish, 7th Duke of Devonshire, 1808 - 1891 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his son Spencer Compton Cavendish, eighth duke of Devonshire, 1891.

1891-1908

Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire, 1833 - 1908 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his nephew Victor Christian William Cavendish, ninth duke of Devonshire, 1908.

1908-1938

Victor Christian William Cavendish, 9th Duke of Devonshire, 1868 - 1938 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his son Edward William Spencer Cavendish, tenth duke of Devonshire, 1938.

1938-1950

Edward William Spencer Cavendish, 10th Duke of Devonshire, 1895 - 1950 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his son Andrew Robert Buxton Cavendish, eleventh duke of Devonshire, 1950.

1950-1984

Andrew Robert Buxton Cavendish, 11th Duke of Devonshire, 1920 - 2004 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England) [sold, Old Master Drawings of Chatsworth, Christie's, London, July 3, 1984, lot 57 to a private dealer]

1984-1985

Private Dealer, sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1985.

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
17th Century Art in Europe (January 3 to March 12, 1938) (recto; Cat. of drawings by A. E. Popham, et al.)
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), January 3 to March 12, 1938
Tekeningen van Jan van Eyck tot Rubens (December 1948 to April 1949) (recto; Cat. by J. C. Ebbinge Wubben)
  • Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen (Rotterdam), December 1948 to February 1949
  • Palais des beaux-arts (Brussels), March to April 1949
Old Master Drawings from Chatsworth (1949) (recto; Cat. by A.E. Popham, et al.)
  • Arts Council England (London), 1949
Drawings by Old Masters (1953) (recto; Cat. by K.T. Parker and J. Byam Shaw)
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), 1953
Flemish Art, 1300 - 1700 (December 5, 1953 to March 6, 1954) (recto; Cat. by K. T. Parker and J. Byam Shaw)
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), December 5, 1953 to March 6, 1954
Paintings and Drawings by Van Dyck (February 28 to March 24, 1960) (recto; Cat. by O. Millar)
  • Nottingham University Art Gallery (Nottingham), February 28 to March 24, 1960
Old Master Drawings: A Loan Exhibition from the Devonshire Collection (July 5 to August 21 1969) (recto)
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), July 5 to August 21, 1969
Old Master Drawings from Chatsworth (January 25 to March 23, 1975) (recto)
  • National Museum of Western Art (Tokyo), January 25 to March 23, 1975
Old Master Drawings: A Loan Exhibition from the Duke of Devonshire (April to July 1977) (recto)
  • The Israel Museum (Jerusalem), April to July 1977
Van Dyck as a Religious Artist (April 7 to May 20, 1979) (recto; Cat. by J. R. Martin and G. Feigenbaum)
  • Art Museum, Princeton University (Princeton), April to May 1979
The Young van Dyck (September 19 to November 9, 1980) (recto; Cat. by A. McNairn)
  • National Gallery of Canada (Ottawa), September 19 to November 9, 1980
Drawings by Anthony van Dyck (February 12 to August 11, 1991) (recto; Cat. by C. Brown)
  • Pierpont Morgan Library (New York), February 12 to April 21, 1991
  • Kimbell Art Museum (Fort Worth), June 1 to August 11, 1991
16-17th Century European Drawings (December 28, 1993 to March 13, 1994)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), December 28, 1993 to March 13, 1994
The Earl and Countess of Arundel: Renaissance Collectors (May 2 to October 1, 1995) (recto)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), May 2 to October 1, 1995
Figural Compositional Drawings from the 16th to the 19th Century (August 31 to December 8, 1996) (recto)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), August 31 to December 8, 1996
Visions of Grandeur: Drawing in the Baroque Age (June 1 to September 12, 2004) (recto)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), June 1 to September 12, 2004
Drawing in the Age of Rubens (October 14, 2014 to January 11, 2015) (recto)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), October 14, 2014 to January 11, 2015