Attic Black-Figure Neck Amphora

Object Details

Title:

Attic Black-Figure Neck Amphora

Artist/Maker:

Attributed to Leagros Group (Greek (Attic), active 525 - 500 B.C.)

Culture:

Greek (Attic)

Place:

Athens, Greece (Place created)

Date:

about 510 B.C.

Medium:

Terracotta

Object Number:

86.AE.82

Dimensions:

41 × 26.5 cm (16 1/8 × 10 7/16 in.)

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For the Greeks, the mythical Trojan War was the central event in their early history. Episodes from the conflict fill Greek art and literature, and a scene from the culmination of the battle, the sack of Troy, decorates the front of this Athenian black-figure neck-amphora. The Trojan hero Aeneas has lifted his aged father Anchises onto his back in order to carry him to safety. They are preceded by Aeneas's young son. Behind them, the goddess Aphrodite, who had once been Anchises' lover and is Aeneas's mother, gestures in grief and sympathy. The painter who decorated this vase labeled Aphrodite, Aeneas, and Anchises, adding a popular formulaic comment on their beauty, but he also added a variety of nonsense inscriptions--combinations of letters with no apparent meaning--to this scene and others on the vase.

On the neck, a charioteer rides in a four-horse chariot (quadriga), while on the reverse, a warrior departs for – or maybe returns from – battle with his dog. An elderly man, marked by his white hair, gestures before him, and a woman, perhaps his mother or wife, watches from the right. On the reverse of the body, Dionysos, the god of wine, carries a kantharos or drinking cup, between two satyrs, his part-horse, part-human companions. The satyr on the right appears to dance to the music of aulos (double pipes) played by his counterpart.

Provenance
1965 - 1983

Walter Bareiss, American, born Germany, 1919 - 2007

-

and Molly Bareiss, American, 1920 - 2006 (Stamford, Connecticut), distributed to the Mary S. Bareiss 1983 Trust, 1983.

1983 - 1986

Mary S. Bareiss 1983 Trust, sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986.

Exhibitions
Greek Vases and Modern Drawings from the Collection of Mr. & Mrs. Walter Bareiss (June 13 to October 5, 1969)
  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York), June 13 to October 5, 1969
Bibliography

Bothmer, Dietrich von. "Aspects of a Collection." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 27 (June 1969). pp. 424-436, p. 433; fig. 9.

Bothmer, Dietrich von, and J. Bean. Greek Vases and Modern Drawings from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Walter Bareiss. Exh. checklist, The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: 1969, p. 2, no. 18.

Schauenburg, Konrad. "Aineas Kalos." Gymnasium 76 (1969), pp. 42-53, pls. 1-3.

Brommer, Frank. Vasenlisten zur griechischen Heldensage. 3rd ed. (Marburg: N. G. Elwert Verlag, 1973), p. 388, no. 36.

Dover, Kenneth J. Greek Homosexuality. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1978, pp. 119, 210, no. B 697.

Woodford, Susan, and Margot Loudon. "Two Trojan Themes: The Iconography of Ajax Carrying the Body of Achilles and of Aeneas Carrying Anchises in Black Figure Vase Painting." American Journal of Archaeology 84 (1980), pp. 25-40, pp. 31, 38, Group III, no. 9; pl. 6, fig. 13.

Canciani, Fulvio. "Aineias." In Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae V (1981), pp. 381-396, p.387, no. 68.

True, Marion, and Jiri Frel. Greek Vases: Molly and Walter Bareiss Collection (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1983), p. 71, no. 44.

Delivorrias, Angelos, et al. "Aphrodite." Lexicon iconographicum mythologiae classicae 1 (1984), p. 140, no. 1468.

"Acquisitions/1986." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 15 (1987), pp. 160-61, no. 7.

Clark, Andrew J. Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. The J. Paul Getty Museum 1 (USA 23). Malibu: 1988, pp. 40-41; pls. 41; and 44, 3-4.

Mangold, Meret. Kassandra in Athen. Die Eroberung Trojas auf attischen Vasenbildern. Berlin: 2000, pp. 68, 179, cat. no. III 30; fig. 41.

Hedreen, Guy. "So-and-so καλη': A Re-examination." In Epigraphy of Art. Ancient Greek Vase-Inscriptions and Vase-Paintings. D. Yatromanolakis, ed. (Oxford: Archeopress, 2016), p. 54, footnote 5.

Müller, J-M., "Schöner Nonsens, Sinnloses Kalos? Ein Strukturvergleich zweier Anpassungsfähiger Inschriftenformen der Attischen Vasenmalerei." In Topfer-Maler-Schreiber. R. Wachter, ed. (Akanthus: Zurich, 2016), p. 99, 100 (fig.1), 104, 108, 113, 115.