1965 - 1983
1983 - 1986
Mary S. Bareiss 1983 Trust, sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986.
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Currently on view at: Getty Villa, Gallery 103, Athenian Vases
Attic Black-Figure Neck Amphora
Attributed to Leagros Group (Greek (Attic), active 525 - 500 B.C.)
Athens, Greece (Place Created)
about 510 B.C.
41 × 26.5 cm (16 1/8 × 10 7/16 in.)
For the Greeks, the mythical Trojan War was the central event in their early history. Episodes from the conflict fill Greek art and literature, and a scene from the culmination of the battle, the sack of Troy, decorates the front of this Athenian black-figure neck-amphora. The Trojan hero Aeneas has lifted his aged father Anchises onto his back in order to carry him to safety. They are preceded by Aeneas's young son. Behind them, the goddess Aphrodite, who had once been Anchises' lover and is Aeneas's mother, gestures in grief and sympathy. The painter who decorated this vase labeled Aphrodite, Aeneas, and Anchises, adding a popular formulaic comment on their beauty, but he also added a variety of nonsense inscriptions--combinations of letters with no apparent meaning--to this scene and others on the vase.
On the neck, a charioteer rides in a four-horse chariot (quadriga), while on the reverse, a warrior departs for – or maybe returns from – battle with his dog. An elderly man, marked by his white hair, gestures before him, and a woman, perhaps his mother or wife, watches from the right. On the reverse of the body, Dionysos, the god of wine, carries a kantharos or drinking cup, between two satyrs, his part-horse, part-human companions. The satyr on the right appears to dance to the music of aulos (double pipes) played by his counterpart.
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Bothmer, Dietrich von, and J. Bean. Greek Vases and Modern Drawings from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Walter Bareiss. Exh. checklist, The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: 1969, p. 2, no. 18.
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Mangold, Meret. Kassandra in Athen. Die Eroberung Trojas auf attischen Vasenbildern. Berlin: 2000, pp. 68, 179, cat. no. III 30; fig. 41.
Hedreen, Guy. "So-and-so καλη': A Re-examination." In Epigraphy of Art. Ancient Greek Vase-Inscriptions and Vase-Paintings. D. Yatromanolakis, ed. (Oxford: Archeopress, 2016), p. 54, footnote 5.
Müller, J-M., "Schöner Nonsens, Sinnloses Kalos? Ein Strukturvergleich zweier Anpassungsfähiger Inschriftenformen der Attischen Vasenmalerei." In Topfer-Maler-Schreiber. R. Wachter, ed. (Akanthus: Zurich, 2016), p. 99, 100 (fig.1), 104, 108, 113, 115.