Attic Black-Figure Neck Amphora

Object Details

Title:

Attic Black-Figure Neck Amphora

Artist/Maker(s):

Attributed to Group E (Workshop of Exekias) (Greek (Attic), active 560 - 540 B.C.)

near the Painter of London B 174 (Greek (Attic))

Culture:

Greek (Attic)

Date:

about 540 B.C.

Medium:

Terracotta

Dimensions:

36.2 x 28.6 cm (14 1/4 x 11 1/4 in.)

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In the mythological battles of the Greeks, the conflict did not end when a warrior killed his opponent. There was then a struggle over the corpse. The victorious warrior would try to strip the armor from the fallen opponent and perhaps mutilate the body or hold it for ransom, while the fallen soldier's comrades tried to win back the body.

The front of this Athenian black-figure neck-amphora shows such a conflict. In the center of the scene, two warriors battle over a corpse, stripped of all its armor except for the helmet and shield. A similar scene appears to the left. To the right, a warrior chases a fleeing opponent. The scene on the back of the vase shows a group of warriors flanked by riders and onlookers, and a procession of galloping horsemen decorates the shoulder on both sides of the vase.

Provenance
-1969

Unknown [sold, Egyptian, Western Asiatic, Irish Bronze Age, Greek, Etruscan, Roman and Anglo-Saxon Antiquities, Sotheby's, London, July 1, 1969, lot 100 to Walter and Molly Bareiss.]

1969 -1983

Walter Bareiss, American, born Germany, 1919 - 2007

and Molly Bareiss, American, 1920 - 2006, distributed to the Mary S. Bareiss 1983 Trust, 1983.

1983-1986

Mary S. Bareiss 1983 Trust, sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986.

Exhibitions
Poets and Heroes (November 4, 1986 to February 28, 1987)
  • Michael C. Carlos Museum of Emory University, (Atlanta), November 4, 1986 to February 28, 1987
Ancient Art from the Permanent Collection (March 16, 1999 to May 23, 2004)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), March 16, 1999 to May 23, 2004
To Do Battle: Conflict, Struggle and Symbol in Art (March 8 to July 8, 2002)
  • Norton Simon Museum, (Pasadena), March 8 to July 8, 2002
Bibliography

Sotheby's, London. Sale cat., July 1, 1969. lot 100.

Moore, M. B. Horses on Black-figured Greek Vases of the Archaic Period: ca. 620-480 B.C. Ph.D. diss., New York University, 1971. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms, no. 72-74, 749. p. 56, no. A 345; pl. 26, 1.

Mommsen, Heide. Der Affecter. Mainz: P. von Zabern, 1975. p. 16, n. 45.

Johnston, Alan. Trademarks on Greek Vases. Warminster: Aris & Phillips, 1979. p. 106 (type 24, no. 1).

True, Marion, and Jiri Frel. Greek Vases. Molly and Walter Bareiss Collection. The J. Paul Getty Museum. Malibu: 1983. p. 70, no. 35.

Mertens, Joan R. "An Attic Black-Figure Vase of the Mid-Sixth Century B.C., Metropolitan Museum Journal 18 (1984), pp. 17-27. pp. 23-25; figs. 11-14.

Wescoat, Bonna D., ed. Poets and Heroes: Scenes of the Trojan War. Exh. cat, Emory University Museum of Art and Archaeology. Atlanta: 1986. pp. 20-23, no. 2, ill.

"Acquisitions/1986." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 15 (1987), pp. 160-61, no. 7.

Clark, Andrew J. Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. The J. Paul Getty Museum 1 (USA 23). Malibu: 1988. pp. 21-23; pls. 22-23; 24, 1-2.

Elston, Maya. "Ancient Repairs of Greek Vases in the J. Paul Getty Museum," The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 18 (1990), pp. 53-68. fig. 18.

Schmaltz, Bernhard. "Peplos und Chiton-Fruehe griechische Tracht und ihre Darstellungskonventionen," Jahrbuch des Deutschen Archaeologischen Instituts 113 (1998), pp. 1-30. p. 20, n. 33.

Schreiber, Toby. Athenian Vase Construction. A Potter's Analaysis. Malibu: 1999. pl. II; figs. 4.4, 8.13 and 8.16..

Johnston, Alan. Trademarks on Greek Vases: Addenda. Warminster: Aris & Phillips, 2006 p. 91, type 24B, 1.

Bragg, Edward, Hau, Irene and Macaulay-Lewis, Elizabeth, eds. Beyond the Battlefields: New Perspectives on warfare and Society in the Graeco-Roman World, Cambridge: 2008 Saunders, David Chapter Nine: Mourning Glory? The depiction of fallen warriors in Athenian Black-Figure Vase-Painting, pp. 161-83.