Euboean Black-Figure Neck Amphora

Object Details

Title:

Euboean Black-Figure Neck Amphora

Artist/Maker:

Unknown

Culture:

Greek (Euboean)

Place:

Euboea, Greece (Place created)

Date:

about 570–560 B.C.

Medium:

Terracotta

Object Number:

86.AE.52

Dimensions:

35.6 × 23.2 cm (14 × 9 1/8 in.)

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The judgment of Paris, the event that sparked the Trojan War, decorates one side of this black-figure neck-amphora. In Greek mythology, Strife caused a dispute among the goddesses Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite over who was the most beautiful. Zeus, the king of the gods, commanded that the dispute must be settled by Paris, the handsome young son of King Priam of Troy. Each of the goddesses offered the young man a bribe for his vote. Aphrodite, whom Paris picked, promised him Helen, the most beautiful mortal woman. Paris's running off with Helen, who was already married to the Greek king of Sparta, sparked the Trojan War. His choice of Aphrodite also earned the hatred of Athena and Hera and sealed the fate of the Trojans. On this vase, the three goddesses trail along behind Hermes, who is identified by his kerykeion. Paris steps forward and shakes hands with Hermes, accepting his fate. The other side of the vase depicts a scene of two men between sphinxes.

Scholars have had difficulty determining the origin of this amphora. Several features, however, such as the lively figures, the secondary ornament, and the abundance of added red and white color suggest that this vase was made on the island of Euboea.

Provenance
1965-1966

Nicolas Koutoulakis, 1910 - 1996, sold to Walter Bareiss, 1966.

1966 - 1983

Walter Bareiss, American, born Germany, 1919 - 2007

-

and Molly Bareiss, American, 1920 - 2006, distributed to the Mary S. Bareiss 1983 Trust, 1983.

1983 - 1986

Mary S. Bareiss 1983 Trust, sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986.

Exhibitions
Weltkunst aus Privatbesitz (May 18 to August 4, 1968)
  • Kunsthalle Köln (Cologne), May 18 to August 4, 1968
Greek Vases and Modern Drawings from the Collection of Mr. & Mrs. Walter Bareiss (June 13 to October 5, 1969)
  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York), June 13 to October 5, 1969
Poets and Heroes (November 4, 1986 to February 28, 1987)
  • Michael C. Carlos Museum of Emory University (Atlanta), November 4, 1986 to February 28, 1987
Greeks in the Boot: Greek Influence in Ancient Italy as Reflected in the Pottery of Various Regions (October 5, 2013 to May 17, 2014)
  • Robert V. Fullerton Art Museum, California State University, San Bernardino, October 5, 2013 to May 17, 2014
Bibliography

May, Helmut, ed. Weltkunst aus Privatbesitz, exh. cat. (Cologne: Druckerei J. P. Bachem, 1968), cat. no. A 12.

Bothmer, Dietrich von, and J. Bean. Greek Vases and Modern Drawings from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Walter Bareiss. Exh. checklist, The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: 1969, p. 2, no. 15.

Raab, I. Zu den Darstellungen des Parisurteils in der griechischen Kunst. Frankfurt: 1972, A.I.3, pl. 1.

Schauenburg, Konrad. "Parisurteil und Nessosabenteuer auf attischen Vasen hocharchaischer Zeit." Aachener Kunstblaetter 44 (1973), pp. 15-42, p. 22, figs. 22-25.

True, Marion, and Jiri Frel. Greek Vases: Molly and Walter Bareiss Collection (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1983), pp. 12-13, no. 4 and p. 68, no. 18.

Wescoat, Bonna D., ed. Poets and Heroes: Scenes of the Trojan War. Exh. cat, Emory University Museum of Art and Archaeology. Atlanta: 1986, pp. 20-23, no. 2, ill.

"Acquisitions/1986." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 15 (1987), pp. 160-61, no. 7.

Shapiro, H. A. "Two Black-figure Neck-amphorae in the J. Paul Getty Museum: Problems of Workshop and Iconography," Greek Vases in the J. Paul Getty Museum 4. Occasional Papers on Antiquities 5. Malibu: 1989, figs. 2a-d.

Jentoft-Nilsen, Marit R., and Arthur Dale Trendall. Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. The J. Paul Getty Museum 5 (USA 30) (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1994), pp. 9-10; pl. 251-252.

Hofstetter, Eva, and Ingrid Krauskopf. "Seirenes." In Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae VIII (1997), pp. 1093-1104, p. 1098, no. 54; pl. 737.

Hedreen, Guy. Capturing Troy: The Narrative Functions of Landscape in Archaic and Early Classical Greek Art (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2001), pp. 193-94, 217.

Spivey, Nigel and Squire, Michael. Panorama of the Classical World (Los Angeles: Getty Publications, 2004), p. 122, fig. 186.

Johnston, Alan. Trademarks on Greek Vases: Addenda. (Warminster: Aris & Phillips, 2006), p. 175.

Kirsch, Eva. Greeks in the Boot: Greek Influences in the Italian Peninsula As Reflected in the Pottery of Various Regions, ca. 800-200 B.C., exh. cat. (San Bernardino: California State University San Bernardino, Robert and Frances Fullerton Museum of Art, 2014), Part One Catalog, entry 6, (illustrated).