Chalcidian Neck Amphora

Object Details


Chalcidian Neck Amphora


Attributed to Phineus Painter (Greek (Chalcidian), active about 530 - 510 B.C.)


Greek (Chalcidian)


Rhegion, South Italy (Place created)


about 520 - 510 B.C.




32.6 × 20.1 cm (12 13/16 × 7 15/16 in.)

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A nude youth holding a crop rides his horse on the front of this Chalcidian black-figure neck-amphora. The back of the vase depicts a man and a woman who appear to be conversing. Chalcidian pottery was made by a workshop of immigrant Greek vase-painters who settled in Italy. Scholars call the style Chalcidian because some vases bear inscriptions written in the alphabet of the city of Chalkis in Greece. Through two generations of production in Italy, Chalcidian pottery remained thoroughly Greek in conception. For example, the depiction of a rider on this vase derived from the long-standing Greek use of the horse as a symbol of status and wealth. A painter's miscalculation on this vase sheds light on his creative process. On the front of the vase, the Phineus Painter first drew a set of lines marking out the panel for decoration. Then, he proceeded to paint the horse but found that the panel was too small and the horse's tail hung out over the edge. The last stage of vase decoration was to cover the background areas with black glaze. When the Phineus Painter reached this point, he had to accommodate the tail by creating a slanting area behind the horse rather than following his vertical guidelines.

1960 - 1983

Walter Bareiss, American, born Germany, 1919 - 2007


and Molly Bareiss, American, 1920 - 2006 (Stamford, Connecticut), distributed to the Mary S. Bareiss 1983 Trust, 1983.

1983 - 1986

Mary S. Bareiss 1983 Trust, sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986.

Weltkunst aus Privatbesitz (May 18 to August 4, 1968)
  • Kunsthalle Köln (Cologne), May 18 to August 4, 1968

May, Helmut, ed. Weltkunst aus Privatbesitz, exh. cat. (Cologne: Druckerei J. P. Bachem, 1968), cat. no. A18; fig. 7.

Moore, M. B. Horses on Black-figured Greek Vases of the Archaic Period: ca. 620-480 B.C. Ph.D. diss., New York University, 1971. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms, no. 72-74, 749, p. 199, no. E 31.

True, Marion, and Jiri Frel. Greek Vases: Molly and Walter Bareiss Collection (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1983), p. 68, no. 14bis.

Iozzo, Mario. "Un'anfora del Pittore di Phineus," Xenia 11 (1986), p. 15, no. 38.

"Acquisitions/1986." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 15 (1987), pp. 160-61, no. 7.

Iozzo, Mario. Ceramica "calcidese." Nuovi documenti e problemi riproposti (unpublished Ph.D. diss.), Universita Toscane Consorziate di Firenze. Siena and Pisa: 1987-1988, pp. 49, 61, 70, and 72; pls. LXXI-LXXII.

Keck, J. Studien zur Rezeption fremder Einfluesse in der chalkidischen Keramik. Ein Betrag zur Lokalisierungsfrage. Archaeologische Studien 8. Frankfurt: 1988, pp. 204-5, no. HA 30.

Jentoft-Nilsen, Marit R., and Arthur Dale Trendall. Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. The J. Paul Getty Museum 5 (USA 30) (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1994), pp. 12-13; pls. 256-257.