The J. Paul Getty Museum

Juno

Object Details

Title:

Juno

Artist/Maker:

Joseph Nollekens (English, 1737 - 1823)

Culture:

English

Place:

England (Place Created)

Date:

1776

Medium:

Marble

Object Number:

87.SA.108

Dimensions:

139.1 cm (54 3/4 in.)

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Object Description

Matronly Juno, goddess of marriage in Roman mythology, bares one breast and undoes her dress for Paris's judgment of who among the three goddesses, Venus, Minerva, and Juno, was the most beautiful. This ample figure, crowned and heavily draped, stood with three other marble statues representing Venus, Minerva, and Paris.

Provenance
Provenance
possibly 1776 - 1782

Charles Watson-Wentworth, second marquis of Rockingham, English, 1730 - 1782 (London, England), commissioned by him from Nollekens as part of the Judgment of Paris group, displayed in his Grosvenor Square House (London, England), by inheritance to his nephew William Wentworth, fourth earl Fitzwilliam.
Source: Penny, 1991, p. 28, refers to payments to the artist and p. 23, mentions the 1782 inventory for the location.

1782 - 1833

William Wentworth, fourth earl Fitzwilliam, English, 1748 - 1833 (Wentworth Woodhouse, Yorkshire, England), brought from London to Wentworth Woodhouse between 1782 and 1802, by inheritance within the Wentworth Fitzwilliam family.
Source: The sculpture was seen at Wentworth Woodhouse in 1802 by Richard Warner (Warner, A Tour through..., vol. 1 (1802), pp. 219-20).

1833 - 1986

Wentworth Fitzwilliam Family (Wentworth Woodhouse, Yorkshire, England) [sold, Christie's, London, July 15, 1987, lot 88, to Cyril Humphris]

1986 - 1987

Cyril Humphris, S.A. (London, England), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1987.

Bibliography
Bibliography

Warner, Richard. A Tour through the Northern Countries of England and the Borders of Scotland. Rev. ed. (Bath: R. Cruttwell 1802), vol. 1 (1802), pp. 219-20 (mentioned among statues at Wentworth Woodhouse).

Smith, John Thomas. Nollekens and His Times (London: Turnstile Press, 1828), vol. 2, pp. 16, 18.

Chancellor, E. Beresford. The lives of the British sculptors, and those who have worked in England from the earliest days to Sir Francis Chantrey (London: Chapman & Hall, 1911), pp. 170, 180.

Whinney, Margaret Dickens. Sculpture in Britain, 1530-1830 (Harmondsworth, Middlesex, Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1964), p. 159.

Gunnis, Rupert. Dictionary of British Sculptors, 1660-1851 (London: The Abbey Library, 1968), p. 277.

Graves, Algernon. The Royal Academy of Arts: A Complete Dictionary of Contributors and Their Work from Its Foundation in 1769 to 1904 (1905; repr., London: S.R. Publishers LTD. And Kingsmead Reprints, 1970), vol. 3 (1970), vol. 3 (1970), p. 381.

Seddon, Richard. "Some Payments by an 18th Century Collector." The Antique Collector (1972), p. 81.

Christie's, London. Important European Sculpture and Works of Art. July 15, 1986, pp. 70-71, lot 87, ill.

Whinney, Margaret Dickens. Sculpture in Britain, 1530 to 1830. John Physick, ed. Rev. ed. (London: Penguin Books, 1988), p. 288.

Penny, Nicholas. "Lord Rockingham's Sculpture Collection and The Judgment of Paris by Nollekens." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 19 (1991), pp. 5, 23, 25, 27-28, 30, 32, figs. 24, 27a-b.

Fusco, Peter. Summary Catalogue of European Sculpture in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 37, ill.

Baker, Malcolm. Figured in Marble: The Making and Viewing of Eighteenth-Century Sculpture (Los Angeles: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 2000), pp. 36-37, 39, fig. 28.

True, Marion. "Changing Approaches to Conservation." In History of Restoration of Ancient Stone Sculptures, Symposium at the J. Paul Getty Museum, October 25-27, 2001. Janet Burnett Grossmann, ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2003), pp. 3-4, fig. 2C.

Roscoe, Ingrid and Emma Hardy, eds. A Biographical Dictionary of Sculptors in Britain, 1660-1851 (London: Yale University Press, 2009), pp. 897, 904, no. 158.