The J. Paul Getty Museum

Two Thatched Cottages with Figures at a Window

Object Details

Title:

Two Thatched Cottages with Figures at a Window

Artist/Maker:

Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rijn (Dutch, 1606 - 1669)

Culture:

Dutch

Date:

about 1640

Medium:

Pen and brown ink, corrected with white gouache

Object Number:

85.GA.93

Dimensions:

13.3 × 20.2 cm (5 1/4 × 7 15/16 in.)

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Object Description

Around 1640, Rembrandt van Rijn made five drawings, similar in setting and technique, of these two thatched cottages. Unlike most of his landscapes, this drawing almost entirely eschews atmospheric effects in favor of building up monumental architectural and textural forms with bold strokes of the quill pen. The larger house's monumentality and detail contrasts with the cursory jottings that compose the neighboring house and the few squiggly lines that indicate the earth.

As always, Rembrandt drew only what was essential. His animated line moved vigorously across the sheet, creating rich and varied effects of texture and surface. At this point in his career, Rembrandt delighted in exploring the visual impact of varied, dense lines, as seen in the moss growing in the thatched roof of the nearest house. Rembrandt's bold quill pen work here brings to mind the work of Vincent van Gogh two-and-a-half centuries later.

Provenance
Provenance
1723

Possibly Nicolaes Anthoni Flinck (L.959), Dutch, 1646 - 1723, sold to William Cavendish, second duke of Devonshire, 1723.

1723-1729

William Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Devonshire, English, 1673 - 1729 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his son William Cavendish, third duke of Devonshire, 1729.

1729-1755

William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire, English, 1698 - 1755 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his son William Cavendish, fourth duke of Devonshire, 1755.

1755-1764

William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire, 1720 - 1764 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his son William Cavendish, fifth duke of Devonshire, 1764.

1764-1811

William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire, 1748 - 1811 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his son William George Spencer Cavendish, sixth duke of Devonshire, 1811.

1811-1858

William George Spencer Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire, 1790 - 1858 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his cousin William Cavendish, seventh duke of Devonshire, 1858.

1858-1891

William Cavendish, 7th Duke of Devonshire, 1808 - 1891 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his son Spencer Compton Cavendish, eighth duke of Devonshire, 1891.

1891-1908

Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire, 1833 - 1908 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his nephew Victor Christian William Cavendish, ninth duke of Devonshire, 1908.

1938-1950

Edward William Spencer Cavendish, 10th Duke of Devonshire, 1895 - 1950 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his son Andrew Robert Buxton Cavendish, eleventh duke of Devonshire, 1950.

1950-1984

Andrew Robert Buxton Cavendish, 11th Duke of Devonshire, 1920 - 2004 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England) [sold, Christie's, London, July 3, 1984, lot 61 to private dealer.]

1984-1985

Private Dealer, sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1985.

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
Exhibition of Dutch Art, 1450 - 1900 (January 4 to March 9, 1929)
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), January 4 to March 9, 1929
Drawings by Old Masters (1953)
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), 1953
Rembrandt Tentoonstelling ter herdenking van de Geboorte van - Rembrandt op 15 July 1606 (May 18 to October 12, 1956)
  • Rijksmuseum (Amsterdam), May 18 to August 5, 1956
  • Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen (Rotterdam), August 8 to October 12, 1956
Treasures from Chatsworth: The Devonshire Inheritance (1979 to 1981)
  • Toledo Museum of Art (Toledo), 1979 to 1981
  • San Antonio Museum Association (San Antonio), 1979 to 1981
  • Kimbell Art Museum (Fort Worth), 1979 to 1981
  • New Orleans Museum of Art (New Orleans), 1979 to 1981
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), 1979 to 1981
  • Virginia Museum of Fine Arts (Richmond), 1979 to 1981
Dutch Drawings of the 16th and 17th Centuries (August 16 to October 23, 1994)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), August 16 to October 23, 1994
Landscape Drawings 1500-1900 (June 9 to August 23, 1998)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), June 9 to August 23, 1998
Dutch Drawings of the Golden Age (May 28 to August 25, 2002)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), May 28 to August 25, 2002
Mise-en-Page: The Art of Composing on Paper (December 17, 2002 to March 2, 2003)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), December 17, 2002 to March 2, 2003
Rembrandt's Journey: Painter, Draftsman, Etcher (October 26, 2003 to May 9, 2004)
  • Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, October 26, 2003 to January 19, 2004
  • The Art Institute of Chicago, February 14 to May 9, 2004
Drawing Life: The Dutch Visual Tradition (November 24, 2009 to February 28, 2010)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), November 24, 2009 to February 28, 2010
Bibliography
Bibliography

Lippmann, F., Original Drawings by Rembrandt, 1st ser. (Berlin, 1888-1892), no. 65.

Hofstede de Groot, Cornelis. Die Handzeichnungen Rembrandts (Haarlem: E.F.Bohn, 1906), pp. 195, 396, no. 852.

Hind, Arthur M. The Vasari Society for the Reproduction of Drawings by Old Masters, 1st ser., 10 vols. (Oxford: The University Press, 1905-1915), vol. 3 (1907), no. 24.

Eisler, Max. Rembrandt als Landschafter (Munich: F. Bruckmann, 1918), pp. 53-54.

Neumann, Carl. Rembrandt Handzeichnungen (Munich: R. Piper, 1919), p. 6.

Kruse, John and Carl Neumann. Die Zeichnungen Rembrandts und Seiner Schule im Nationalmuseum zu Stockholm (The Hague: M. Nijhoff, 1920), p. 96.

Exhibition of Dutch Art, 1450 - 1900, exh. cat. (London: Royal Academy of Arts, 1929), p. 231, no. 603.

Hind, Arthur M. Rembrandt: being the substance of the Charles Eliot Norton lecture delivered before Harvard University, 1930-1931 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1932), pp. 104-105.

Gelder, Hendrick Enno van. Rembrandt en het landschap (Amsterdam: H.J.W. Becht, 1948), pp. 10, 20.

Rosenberg, Jakob. Rembrandt. 2 vols. (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1949), vol. 1, pp. 88-89.

Rosenberg, Jakob. Rembrandt. 2 vols. (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1949), vol. 2, fig. 127.

Drawings by old masters, exh. cat. (London: Royal Academy of Arts, Diploma Gallery, London, 1953), p. 78, no. 313.

Benesch, Otto. The Drawings of Rembrandt, 6 vols. (London: Phaidon,1954-1957), vol. 4, no. 796, fig. 944.

Haverkamp-Begemann, Egbert. Rembrandt tentoonstelling: Ter herdenking van de geboorte Rembrandt op 15 Juli, 1606; Schilderijen, exh. cat. (Amsterdam: Rijksmuseum, 1956), p. 89, no. 100.

Rosenberg, Jakob. Rembrandt: Life and Work. Revised ed. (London: Phaidon Press, 1964), pp. 152, 353, no. 2a.

Slive, Seymour. Drawings of Rembrandt, 2 vols. (New York: Dover Publications, 1965), vol. 1, unpaginated, no. 65.

Byam Shaw, James. Old Master Drawings from Chatsworth: A Loan Exhibition from the Devonshire Collection, exh. cat. (Washington, DC: National Gallery of Art, with International Exhibitions Foundation, 1969), p. 43, no. 96.

Benesch, Otto. The Drawings of Rembrandt, 6 vols. (London: Phaidon, 1973), vol. 4, p. 207, no. 796, fig. 996.

Blunt, Anthony. Treasures from Chatsworth: The Devonshire Inheritance; A Loan Exhibition from the Devonshire Collection, by permission of the Duke of Devonshire and the Trustees of the Chatsworth Settlement, exh. cat. (Richmond: Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, 1979), pp. 51, 175, no. 96.

Christie's, London. Old Master Drawings from Chatsworth. July 3, 1984, pp. 138-139, lot 61.

"Acquisitions/1985." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 14 (1986), p. 225, no. 139.

Goldner, George R., et al. European Drawings: Catalogue of the Collections. 4 vols. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1988-2001), vol. 1 (1988), pp. 258-259, no. 115.

Schneider, Cynthia P. Rembrandt's Landscapes (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1990), p. 30.

Schneider, Cynthia P. Rembrandt's Landscapes, Drawings and Prints, exh. cat. (Washington, D.C.: National Gallery of Art, with Bulfinch Press, 1990), pp. 74-75, fig. 1.

Röver-Kann,Anne. Rembrandt, oder nicht? Zeichnungen von Rembrandt und seinem Kreis aus den Hamburger und Bremer Kupferstichkabinetten, exh. cat. (Bremen: Kunsthalle Bremen, 2000), p. 112, fig. b.

Jaffé, Michael. The Devonshire Collection of Northern European Drawings. Vol. 3, Dutch Artists (Turin: Umberto Allemandi, 2002), p. 406, cat. no. 1474, ill.

Ackley, Clifford S. Rembrandt's Journey: Painter, Draftsman, Etcher (Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 2003), pp. 186-187, no. 116.

Schwartz, Gary. The Rembrandt Book (New York: Abrams, 2006), p. 234, no. 390.

Day, Richard. Artful Tales: The Unlikely and Implausible Journal of an Art Dealer, 1957 to 1997 (Dorchester: The Dorset Press, 2008), p. 300.

Slive, Seymour. Rembrandt Drawings (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2009), pp. 148-149, 243, fig. 12.3.

Schwartz, Gary. Rembrandt's Universe: His art, his life, his world (London: Thames & Hudson, 2014), pp. 235, 379, fig. 390.

Bailey, Colin B., Carina Fryklund, John Marciari, Magnus Olausson, Jennifer Tonkovich. Treasures from the Nationalmuseum of Sweden: the collections of Count Tessin, exh. cat. (New York: The Morgan Library & Museum, 2016), p. 166, ill.