Rearing Horse

Object Details

Title:

Rearing Horse

Artist/Maker(s):

Adriaen de Vries (Dutch, about 1556 - 1626)

Culture:

Dutch

Date:

1605 - 1610

Medium:

Bronze

Dimensions:

49.5 x 54.6 x 17.8 cm (19 1/2 x 21 1/2 x 7 in.)

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This rearing horse's two rear legs, upon which he balances his powerful bulk, serve as the sole support for the body of this large animal. Pawing the air and tilting his head to the left, the horse electrifies the space around him. The sculptor Adriaen de Vries further suggested the animal's vitality through the open mouth, flaring nostrils, and protruding veins on its belly. The horse's lack of shoes suggests that this is a stallion kept for stud.

De Vries executed more than a dozen bronze statuettes of horses and horses with riders, only four of which survive or are securely identified. This is one of the rare signed ones. The horse's daring pose makes it a tour de force of bronze casting, and the beauty of its patina, or surface treatment, testifies to the artist's reputation as an exceptional bronzemaker.

Provenance
possibly 1658

Antoine Brun, baron d'Aspremont, French, 1599 - 1654, possibly by inheritance to his son, Claude Ferdinand, marquis de Brun, 1664.

possibly 1658 - 1716

Claude Ferdinand, marquis de Brun, French, died 1716, by inheritance to his son, Agalange Ferdinand, baron de Brun, 1716.

1716 - 1746

Agalange Ferdinand, baron de Brun, French, died 1746, by inheritance to his heirs, 1746.

1984 - 1986

Same Art Ltd., sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986.

Exhibitions
Prag um 1600: Kunst und Kultur am Hofe Kaiser Rudolfs II (June 10, 1988 to February 26, 1989)
  • Kunsthistorisches Museum, (Vienna), November 24, 1988 to February 26, 1989
Adriaen de Vries: Imperial Sculptor (December 12, 1998 to January 9, 2000) (21)
  • Rijksmuseum, (Amsterdam), December 12, 1998 to March 14, 1999
  • Nationalmuseum, (Stockholm), April 15 to August 29, 1999
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), October 12, 1999 to January 9, 2000
Bibliography

Denucé, Jean. Bronnen voor de geschiedenis van de Vlaamsche kunst. Vol. 2, De Antwerpsche "Konstkamers": inventarissen van kunstverzamelingen te Antwerpen in de 16e en 17e eeuwen (Antwerp: De Sikkel, 1932), p. 190 ("Inventaire de la reine Christine de Suède, mai 1656," Notaris J. S. Le Rousseau, Protocollen 1656, fol. 270-289).

Collections privées de Franche-Comté: peinture, dessin, sculpture, exh. cat. (Besançon: Musée des Beaux-Arts, 1979), p. 19, no. 88.

Etude Couturier Nicolay, Hôtel Drouot, Paris. Dessins, aquarelles, tableaux anciens, tableaux du XIXe siècle, meubles et objets d'art, tapis, tapisseries. December 12, 1984, lot 78, ill., cover ill.

Leithe-Jasper, Manfred. Renaissance Master Bronzes from the Collection of the Kunsthistorisches Museum Vienna, exh. cat. (Washington DC: National Gallery of Art, with Scala Books, 1986), p. 242, under no. 64.

"Acquisitions/1986." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 15 (1987), pp. 219-20, no. 121, ill.

Schultze, Jürgen, and Hermann Fillitz, eds. Prag um 1600: Kunst und Kultur am Hofe Kaiser Rudolfs II., exh. cat. (Vienna: Kunsthistorisches Museum; Freren: Luca Verlag, 1988), vol. 2, pp. 68, 73, no. 538, ill., entry by Manfred Leithe-Jasper; p. 69, pl. 5.

Larsson, Lars Olof. "Bildhauerkunst und Plastik am Hofe Rudolfs II." In Prag um 1600: Kunst und Kultur am Hofe Rudolfs II., exh. cat. Jürgen Schultze, et al., eds. (Essen: Kulturstiftung Ruhr, Villa Hügel, with Luca Verlag, 1988), vol. 1, pp. 134-35, fig. 7.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 3rd ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1991), p. 210, ill.

Larsson, Lars Olof. European Bronzes 1450-1700 (Stockholm: Swedish National Art Museums, 1992), p. 88, under no. 31.

Heithorn, Uwe. "Firnis und Patina: Studien zur Oberflächenbehandlung mitteleuropäischer Bronzeplastik um 1600." Ph.D. diss. (Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, 1994), pp. 208, 228, fig. 23.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 4th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 252, ill.

Fusco, Peter. Summary Catalogue of European Sculpture in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 54, ill.

Scholten, Frits, et al. Adriaen de Vries 1556-1626, Imperial Sculptor, exh. cat. (Amsterdam: Rijksmuseum, with Waanders, 1998), pp. 99, 166, under no. 20, entry by Frits Scholten; pp. 169-71, no. 21, ill.

Cavalli-Björkman, Görel. "Adriaen de Vries's Horses: An Imperial Prerogative." Art Bulletin of Nationalmuseum Stockholm 6 (1999), pp. 71-72, fig. 11.

Berger, Ursel, et al. Adriaen de Vries 1556-1626: Augsburgs Glanz - Europas Ruhm, exh. cat. (Augsburg: Städtische Kunstsammlungen, with Umschau Braus, 2000), pp. 91, 249, under no. 18, entry by Frits Scholten.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 6th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), p. 252, ill.

Slive, Seymour. "Collecting 17th-Century Dutch Art in the United States: The Current Boom." Bulletin van het Rijksmuseum 49, no. 1 (2001), p. 89, fig. 7.

Bewer, Francesca. "The Sculpture of Adriaen de Vries: A Technical Study." In Small Bronzes in the Renaissance, Center for Advanced Studies in the Visual [...]. Debra Pincus, ed. (Washington DC: National Gallery of Art, with Yale University Press, 2001), pp. 174-75, figs. 22-23.

Bassett, Jane, et al. The Craftsman Revealed: Adriaen de Vries; Sculptor in Bronze (Los Angeles: The Getty Conservation Institute, 2008), pp. xiii, 29, 118-24, 132, 270-71, 290, figs. 15.1-9.

Bassett, Jane. "Adriaen de Vries, Master Craftsman: Aspects of the Artist's Technique." In Neue Beiträge zu Adriaen de Vries: Vorträge des Adriaen de Vries Symposiums vom 16. bis 18. April 2008 in [...] (Bielefeld: Verlag für Regionalgeschichte, 2008), p. 202.

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