Herm of a Vestal Virgin

Object Details

Title:

Herm of a Vestal Virgin

Artist/Maker(s):

Antonio Canova (Italian, 1757 - 1822)

Culture:

Italian

Place(s):

Italy (Place created)

Date:

1821 - 1822

Medium:

Marble

Dimensions:

49.8 x 31.9 x 24.1 cm (19 5/8 x 12 9/16 x 9 1/2 in.)

See more

See less

Vestal Virgins, consecrated to Vesta, Roman goddess of the hearth, served in temples as guardians of an eternal, sacred flame and were expected to emulate the goddess's purity and chastity. In his representation of one of these women, sculptor Antonio Canova suggested her innocence through the austerity and sparseness of the Neoclassical style, drawing on the contemporary idea that classical forms carry with them the expression of a strict morality. The bust is made of simple geometric shapes: a square for the bust and oval for the face. The tightly wound headcovering pulls in her hair and, with the cloak, draws attention to the purity of the shapes. Her firm shoulders and uninhibited, unmoving stare further suggest her resolve, innocence, and moral authority. Despite her physical beauty and the softness of the folds of the cloak, the statue does not invite touching. It is a cool, intellectual work of simple forms and restrained emotion.

With the discovery of the so-called House of the Vestals in Pompeii, Vestal Virgins became a popular subject in the 1700s and 1800s. This figure wears a historically accurate cloak, which suggests that Canova researched the subject.

Provenance
1822 - at least 1845

Possibly commissioned by Cavalier Paolo Marulli d'Ascoli (Naples, Italy)

- 1937

Possibly the heirs of Sebastiano Marulli (Naples, Italy)

and the heirs of Carolina Berio (Naples, Italy), until 1937.

1937

Fabian Walter (Basel, Switzerland), sold to Capricorn Art International S.A., 1937.

1937 - 1985

Capricorn Art International S.A. (Chiasso, Switzerland), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1985.

Bibliography

Cicognara, L. Biografia di Antonio Canova (Venice, 1823), p. 69.

Cicognara, L. Storia della scultura (Prato, 1824), vol. 7, p. 268.

Missirini, M. Della vita di Antonio Canova libri quattro (Prato, 1824), p. 513.

Anzelmi, D. Opere scelte di Antonio Canova (Naples, 1842), p. 216.

Napoli e i luoghi celebri delle sue vicinanze (Naples, 1845), vol. 2, p. 338.

d'Este, A. Memorie di Antonio Canova (Florence, 1864), p. 346.

Fastidio, D. "La quadreria di casa Marulli a Napoli nel 1825." Napoli nobilissima 7 (January 1898), pp. 182-83.

Borzelli, A. Le relazioni del Canova con Napoli (Naples, 1900), p. 38.

Coletti, L. "Unknown Works of Antonio Canova." Art in America 16 (February 1928), pp. 80-83.

Hubert, G. La sculpture dans l'Italie napoléonienne (Paris, 1964), p. 474.

Pavanello, G. L'opera completa del Canova (Milan, 1976), p. 132, no. 330.

"Acquisitions/1985." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 14 (1986), p. 263, no. 251.

"Marble Bust of a Vestal." Good Life 6-12 (November 1986), p. 3.

"Il Canova del Getty." Giornale dell'arte 5 (March 1987), p. 25.

Christie's, London. Sale Catalogue, 24 September 1987, lot 153 (note).

Mazzocca, F. In Antonio Canova, exh. cat. (Venice: Museo Correr, 1992), p. 332, no. 150.

Fogelman, Peggy. "' S'eri tu in viso qual ti feo Canova': Canova's Herm of a Vestal Virgin." J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 22 (1994), pp. 43-55.

Fusco, Peter. Summary Catalogue of European Sculpture in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 13, ill.

Figueiredo, M.R. Calouste Gulbenkian Museum: European Sculpture, vol. 2 (Lisbon, 1999), pp. 88, 90, 92-93, fig. 99.

Fogelman, Peggy and Peter Fusco with Marietta Cambareri. Italian and Spanish Sculpture: Catalogue of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2002), pp. 314-21, no. 40.

Italian and Spanish Sculpture: Catalogue of the J. Paul Getty Museum Collection (Los Angeles: Getty Publications, 2002), pp. 314-321, ill. 40-40C.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 7th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2007), p. 269, ill.

Related Media
  • /
    Audio: Herm of a Vestal Virgin