The Entombment

Object Details

Title:

The Entombment

Artist/Maker(s):

Federico Barocci (Italian, about 1535 - 1612)

Culture:

Italian

Date:

about 1579 - 1582

Medium:

Black chalk and oil paint on oiled paper

Dimensions:

47.8 x 35.6 cm (18 13/16 x 14 in.)

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Federico Barocci made this oil study, the first of two, for an altarpiece in the Church of Santa Croce in Senigallia, Italy. Before beginning this sketch, he oiled the paper, perhaps to eliminate the "halo" the paint's oil would have created as it seeped into the dry paper. Here Barocci studied tonal values for the painting, building a largely monochrome composition from rich, dark browns with brilliant bluish-white highlights in the figures' robes, especially that of the figure on the left who supports Christ's legs. He left the kneeling figure of Saint Mary Magdalene unfinished in the right foreground, though she appears in a similar pose and position in the later, more colorful oil sketch and the finished painting.

Barocci commonly used an elaborate preparatory method for planning his pictures. After determining the form of a composition, he made several chalk studies for each figure, including separate studies of the limbs and head. He then drew one or more fully worked-up sketches of the composition, such as this one, and finally moved onto the full-sized cartoon.

Provenance

William Cavendish, second duke of Devonshire, English, 1673 - 1729 (Chatsworth House, Derbyshire), by descent to his son William Cavendish, third duke of Devonshire.

William Cavendish, third duke of Devonshire, third duke of Devonshire, English, 1698 - 1755, by descent to the current duke, Andrew Robert Buxton Cavendish, 11th duke of Devonshire.

Andrew Robert Buxton Cavendish, eleventh duke of Devonshire, English, 1920 - 2004

and Chatsworth Settlement Trustees [sold, Christie's, London, July, 3, 1984, lot 2, to John Morton Morris and the Galerie Arnoldi - Livie in a half-shares ownership]

Morton Morris & Company Ltd

and Galerie Arnoldi-Livie, owned in half-shares. Sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1985 with an invoice for the drawing from the Galerie Arnoldi - Livie (Munich) on behalf of both owners.

Exhibitions
Exhibition of Italian Art 1200 - 1900 (1930) (818)
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), 1930
Mostra di Federico Barocci (September 14 to November 16, 1975) (113; catalogue by A. Emiliani)
  • Museo Civico (Bologna), September 14 to November 16, 1975
The Graphic Art of Federico Barocci (Feburary 15 to June 4, 1978) (41; catalogue by E. P. Pillsbury)
  • The Cleveland Museum of Art, (Cleveland), February 15 to March 26, 1978
  • Yale University Art Gallery, (New Haven), April 11 to June 4, 1978
Drawings from the J. Paul Getty Museum (May 24 to August 8, 1993) (5)
  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art, (New York), May 24 to August 8, 1993
Drawings from the J. Paul Getty Museum (October 29, 1993 to January 23, 1994) (2)
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), October 29, 1993 to January 23, 1994
Figural Compositional Drawings from the 16th to the 19th Century (August 31 to December 8, 1996) (2)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), August 31 to December 8, 1996
Color in Drawing (March 10 to May 24, 1998) (2)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), March 10 to May 24, 1998
Between Heaven and Earth: Images of Christ and the Virgin (March 19 to June 29, 2003) (2)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), March 19 to June 29, 2003
Federico Barocci (June 2012 to May 2013) (8.14)
  • Saint Louis Art Museum, (Saint Louis), October 21, 2012 to January 20, 2013
  • The National Gallery (London), February 27 to May 19, 2013
Bibliography

"Acquisitions/1985." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 14 (1986), p. 235, no. 170.