Grave Stele of Philoxenos with his Wife, Philoumene

Object Details

Title:

Grave Stele of Philoxenos with his Wife, Philoumene

Artist/Maker(s):

Unknown

Culture:

Greek (Attic)

Place(s):

Greece (Attica) (Place created)

Date:

about 400 B.C.

Medium:

Marble

Dimensions:

102.2 x 44.5 x 16.5 cm (40 1/4 x 17 1/2 x 6 1/2 in.)

See more

See less

Philoxenos, a warrior with armor and shield, solemnly shakes hands with his wife Philomene on this stele, or gravestone, from Athens. Their names are carved above the figures' heads, and the figures were originally elaborated with painted details. The handshake was a symbolic and popular gesture on Classical gravestones: it could represent a simple farewell, a reunion in the afterlife, or a continuing connection between the deceased and the living. The fact that it is often difficult to tell which figure represents the deceased further emphasizes this connection of the worlds of the living and the dead. On grave markers of the late 400s B.C., the living rarely display sorrow or grief. Instead, their calm, expressionless faces reproduce the idealized features and detachment that prevailed in the sculptural style of Athens at this time.

Provenance
by 1982 - 1983

Artemis Fine Arts Ltd. (Luxembourg), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1983.

Exhibitions
Ancient Art from the Permanent Collection (March 16, 1999 to May 23, 2004)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), March 16, 1999 to May 23, 2004
Bibliography

Artemis S.A. Report for 1981/1982. (London: 1983) pp. 8-9, ill.

"Acquisitions/1983." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 12 (1984) p. 234, no. 7.

Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum, 34. Leiden: 1984. 234.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 1st ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986) p. 29.

Manchester, Karen Lynne. The Grave Relief of Philoxenos and Philomene. M.A. Thesis (unpublished), University of California at Los Angeles: 1986.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 3rd ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1991) p. 22.

Vallera-Rickerson, I. and M. Korma. "Merika ellenika ekthemata tou Mouseiou Getty", Archaiologia 43 (1992), pp. 84-87. p. 85, fig. 5.

Clairmont, Christoph W. Classical Attic Tombstones. Kilchberg, Switzerland: 1993. vol. 2, pp. 84-85, no. 2.121.

Bergemann, Johannes. Demos and Thanatos. Untersuchungen zum Wertsystem der Polis im Spiegel der attischen Grabreliefs des 4. Jahrhunderts v.Chr. und zur Funktion der gleichzeitigen Grabbauten. Munich: 1997. pp. 63, n. 305; 160, no. 73, cat. 2.121; pl. 15, 1.

Towne Markus, Elana. Masterpieces of the J. Paul Getty Museum: Antiquities. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997) p. 49.

Grossman, Janet Burnett. Greek Funerary Sculpture. Catalogue of the Collections at the Getty Villa (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001) pp. 15-17, cat. no. 4.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Antiquities Collection (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2002) p. 22.

Recke, Matthias. Gewalt und Leid: Das Bild des Krieges bei den Athenern im 6. und 5. Jh.v.Chr. (Istanbul: Ege Yayinlari, 2002) Taf. 78c.

Laurin, Joseph R. Women of Ancient Athens (Victoria: Trafford, 2005) p. 264, fig. 7.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 7th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2007) p. 4, ill.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Antiquities Collection. Rev. ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2010) p. 20.

Arrington, Nathan T. Ashes, Images and Memories. The Presence of the War Dead in Fifth-Century Athens. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014) p.220-221, fig. 6.10.